Reeves's Pheasant Syrmaticus reevesii


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - A2cd+3cd+4cd;C2a(i)

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd;C2a(i)
2016 Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd;C2a(i)
2013 Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd;C2a(i)
2012 Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd;C2a(i)
2008 Vulnerable A2c,d; A3c,d; A4c,d; C2a(i)
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency high
Land mass type land-mass type - continent
Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 983,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2500-9999 poor estimated 2000
Population trend decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 30-49 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 30-49 - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation 1-89 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5 - - -

Population justification: The population size has been estimated at c.3,000 and c.5,000 individuals, but it may be more numerous than this. It is placed in the band 2,500-9,999 mature individuals, equating to 3,750-14,999 individuals in total, rounded here to 3,500-15,000 individuals.

Trend justification: Hunting and habitat loss and fragmentation remain important threats and together they are suspected to be driving a rapid population decline in this species.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
China (mainland) extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
China (mainland) Badagongshan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Beiping
China (mainland) Changqing Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Chishui Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Dongzhai Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Erlangba
China (mainland) Erlinggou
China (mainland) Fanjing Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Fobao Forest Park
China (mainland) Foping Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Funiu Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Gaole Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Houhe Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Hualong Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Huping Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jigong Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jinfo Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jiuding Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jiugong Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Kuankuoshui Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Lao Shan Mountain
China (mainland) Lengshuihe Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Linkang Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Longshengou Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Matoushan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Mayanghe Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Micang Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Niubeiliang Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Qinggangtang–Taibai–Dahe Forest
China (mainland) Shennongjia Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Simian Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Siwang Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Siyetun Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Suichuan
China (mainland) Taohongling Sika Deer Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Tianma Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Tuoda Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Wulipo Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Xiannü Shan
China (mainland) Xishui Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Yang Xian and neighbouring area
China (mainland) Yaoluoping Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Zhouzhi Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Zhujia Shan Nature Reserve

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Altitude 400 - 2600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - non-trivial recent
Handicrafts, jewellery, etc. - - non-trivial recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Syrmaticus reevesii. Downloaded from on 10/06/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 10/06/2023.