LC
Red-throated Tit Melaniparus fringillinus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Melaniparus fringillinus (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously listed as Parus fringillinus.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Dowsett, R. J.; Forbes-Watson, A. D. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Tauraco Press, Li
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 411,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be uncommon to common (Urban et al. 1997).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Kenya N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Kenya Nairobi National Park
Kenya Amboseli National Park
Kenya Masai Mara
Kenya South Nguruman
Tanzania Arusha National Park and vicinity
Tanzania Serengeti National Park
Tanzania Tarangire National Park
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Tanzania Maswa Game Reserve
Tanzania Lake Eyasi
Tanzania Lake Natron and Engaruka basin
Tanzania Longido Game Controlled Area
Tanzania Lake Balangida Lelu
Tanzania Yaida Chini
Tanzania Masai Steppe

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Savanna Dry major resident
Altitude 100 - 1600 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 2000 m

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Melaniparus fringillinus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/03/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/03/2021.