LC
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 15,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 64,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 10000000-69999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.7 - - -

Population justification: Rich et al. (2004) estimated the global population to number 2,000,000 individuals.  In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 1,010,000-3,020,000 pairs, which equates to 2,020,000-6,040,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).  Europe forms c.10% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 20,200,000-60,400,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania V Extant
Algeria N Extant
Australia V Extant
Austria N Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium V Extant
Benin N Extant
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina V Extant
Brunei N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Canada N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Congo V Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia V Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant
Denmark N Extant Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes
Gabon V Extant
Gambia N Extant
Germany N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Guinea V Extant
Guinea-Bissau V Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary V Extant
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Indonesia N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Laos N Extant
Latvia N Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Luxembourg V Extant
Malaysia N Extant
Maldives V Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of V Extant
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Niger V Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia V Extant
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palau V Extant
Philippines N Extant
Poland N Extant
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant
Seychelles N Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Singapore N Extant
Slovakia N Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Africa V Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka V Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland V Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Togo N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
USA N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant
Vietnam N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Kevo
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Sammutinjänkä-Vaijoenjänkä
Norway Reisa
Norway Slettnes
Norway Varanger Peninsula
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Yuribey
Russia (Central Asian) Upper and Middle Yuribey
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of headwaters of the river Schuchya
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of the Yorkutayakha river
Russia (European) Middle reaches of Bolshaya Rogovaya river
Sweden Lake Tjålme – Valley of Lais
Sweden Taavavuoma

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Tundra suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 3000 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Anthus cervinus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/09/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/09/2019.