Justification of Red List Category
This forest-dependent species is thought to be declining moderately rapidly as a result of continuing habitat loss throughout its range. It is therefore considered Near Threatened.
The population size of this species has not been quantified, but it has been described as common.
A moderately rapid population decline is suspected to be on-going as a result of forest loss and degradation throughout the species's range.
This species is confined to the Sundaic lowlands of south Tenasserim, Myanmar, peninsular Thailand, Sabah, Sarawak and Peninsular (including the Tana Islands) Malaysia, Singapore (one record), Kalimantan and Sumatra, Indonesia and Brunei, where it is generally abundant within suitable habitat (BirdLife International 2001).
This species occurs commonly in evergreen lowland primary and logged forest, and is somewhat rarer in flooded and peatswamp forest, up to 1,000 m asl but mainly at low elevations. It also occurs occasionally in rubber plantations, and will visit fruiting trees in gardens and other developed areas if forest habitats are adjacent.
Rates of forest loss in the Sundaic lowlands have been extremely rapid, owing partly to the escalation of illegal logging and land conversion, with deliberate targeting of all remaining stands of valuable timber including those inside protected areas. Forest fires have also had a damaging effect (particularly in 1997-1998). The magnitude of these threats may be allayed by this species's tolerance of logged forest, although further research is required to determine the likelihood that populations would be able to persist in the absence of adjacent primary forests.
Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known for this species, although it occurs in a number of protected areas.
Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct repeated surveys across the species's range to determine the magnitude of declines and rates of range contraction. Conduct ecological studies to determine precise habitat requirements, tolerance of secondary habitats and response to fragmentation. Campaign for the protection of remaining tracts of lowland forest throughout the species's range.
Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Taylor, J.
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Psilopogon mystacophanos. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2021.