LC
Red-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe chrysopygia



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 23 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,520,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,790,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as generally fairly rare, although scarce to locally common in Afghanistan and Pakistan and locally common in Oman (del Hoyo et al. 2005). The European population is estimated at 20-30 pairs, which equates to 40-60 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. The trend of the small European population is unknown (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel V Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Nepal V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Afghanistan Big Pamir
Afghanistan Salang Kotal
Afghanistan Bande Amir
Afghanistan Safed Koh
Afghanistan Registan desert
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lisar Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lar River Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kavir region
Iran, Islamic Republic of Parvar Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khosh-Yeilagh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Touran
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karun river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kuh-i Dena, and Yasuj and Sisakht area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dorudsan dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bamou National Park
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hormod Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khabr-va-Rouchoon Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Deh Bakhri area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kuh-i Taftan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Monde Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Geno
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Shur, Rud-i-Shirin and Rud-i-Minab deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khor Jask
Iran, Islamic Republic of Chahbahar Bay and Khor Konarak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Jordan Dana
Oman Musandam (mainland)
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar
Saudi Arabia Hima al-Fiqrah
Saudi Arabia Hawtat Bani Tamim
Saudi Arabia Mahazat as-Sayd
Saudi Arabia National Wildlife Research Center and environs, Taif
United Arab Emirates Digdaga - Hamraniyah
United Arab Emirates Masafi - Tayibah area
United Arab Emirates Qarn Nazwa
United Arab Emirates Al Houbara
Yemen Ma'rib - Naqil Fardah - Baraqish
Turkmenistan Dushakerekdag
Tajikistan Dangara massif

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers/Streams/Creeks suitable breeding
Altitude 1200 - 4000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Oenanthe chrysopygia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/08/2022.