Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius


BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Butcher, G. S.; Niven, D. K. 2007. Combining data from the Christmas bird count and the breeding bird survey to determine the continental status and trends of North American birds.

Egevang, C., Kampp, K. and Boertmann, D. 2004. The breeding association of red phalaropes with Arctic terns: response to a redistribution of terns in a major Greenland colony. Waterbirds 24(4): 406-410.

Johnsgard, P. A. 1981. The plovers, sandpipers and snipes of the world. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, U.S.A. and London.

Jørgensen, P.S., Kristensen, M.W. and Egevang, C. 2007. Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius and Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus behavioural response to Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea colonial alarms. Dansk Ornitologisk Forenings Tidsskrift 101: 73-78.

Liebezeit, J., E. Rowland, M. Cross, and S. Zack. 2012. Assessing Climate Change Vulnerability of Breeding Birds in Arctic Alaska. A report prepared for the Arctic Landscape Conservation Cooperative. ildlife Conservation Society, North America Program, Bozeman, MT.

Saalfeld, S.T. and Lanctot, R.B. 2017. Multispecies comparisons of adaptability to climate change: A role for life‐history characteristics? Ecology and evolution 7(24): 10492-10502.

Snow, D.W.; Perrins, C.M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Wetlands International. 2015. Waterbird Population Estimates. Available at: (Accessed: 17/09/2015).

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Phalaropus fulicarius. Downloaded from on 25/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/02/2024.