Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 39,500,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 107,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.9 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.3,600,000-4,500,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 295,000-639,000 males, which equates to 590,000-1,280,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). The European population trend is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Algeria V Extant
Argentina V Extant
Armenia V Extant
Australia V Extant
Austria V Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahamas V Extant
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant
Belize V Extant
Bermuda (to UK) V Extant
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) V Extant
Brunei V Extant
Bulgaria V Extant Yes
Burundi V Extant
Canada N Extant Yes Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) V Extant
Chile N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Colombia N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the V Extant
Costa Rica V Extant Yes
Croatia V Extant
Cuba V Extant
Curaçao (to Netherlands) V Extant
Cyprus N Extant
Czechia N Extant
Denmark N Extant Yes
Djibouti V Extant
Dominican Republic V Extant
Ecuador N Extant
Egypt N Extant
El Salvador V Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia V Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Georgia V Extant
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece V Extant Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Guatemala V Extant
Haiti V Extant
Honduras V Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary V Extant
Iceland N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Indonesia N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes Yes
Italy V Extant
Jamaica V Extant
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant
Kenya V Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant
Laos V Extant
Latvia N Extant
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Libya V Extant
Luxembourg V Extant
Malaysia N Extant
Malta V Extant
Mauritania V Extant
Mexico V Extant
Moldova V Extant
Mongolia V Extant
Montenegro V Extant
Morocco V Extant
Namibia V Extant
Nepal V Extant
Netherlands N Extant
New Zealand V Extant
Nigeria V Extant
North Korea N Extant
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) V Extant
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palau U Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Panama V Extant
Papua New Guinea N Extant
Peru N Extant
Philippines N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal V Extant
Puerto Rico (to USA) V Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania V Extant
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Serbia V Extant
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone V Extant
Singapore N Extant Yes
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) V Extant
Slovakia V Extant
Slovenia V Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Africa V Extant
South Korea N Extant
Spain N Extant
Sri Lanka V Extant
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland V Extant
Syria N Extant Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan V Extant
Tanzania V Extant
Thailand N Extant
Timor-Leste N Extant Yes Yes
Tunisia V Extant
Turkey N Extant
Turkmenistan N Extant
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) V Extant
Uganda V Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant
Vietnam N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Canada Killarney, Dillberry and Leane Lakes
Canada Manitou Lake Area (includes Reflex, Freshwater, Wells, Colette and Cipher Lakes)
Canada Nunaluk Spit to Herschel Island
Canada Quill Lakes
Canada Quoddy Region
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Kevo
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Sammutinjänkä-Vaijoenjänkä
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Tounsor Hollow Lakes
Kazakhstan Tuzashchy and Karasor Lakes
Kazakhstan Uyalyshalkar Lake System
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System
Norway Dovrefjell
Norway Hardangervidda
Norway Øvre Anárjohka
Norway Reisa
Norway Slettnes
Norway Varanger Peninsula
Oman Ras al Hadd
Romania Black Sea
Romania Danube Delta
Russia (Asian) Babushkina and Kekurnyy Gulfs
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob'
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of headwaters of the river Schuchya
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Middle reaches of Bolshaya Rogovaya river
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Adventdalen & Adventfjorden
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Bjørnøya (Bear Island)
Sweden Lake Ånn – Storlien
Sweden Lake Tjålme – Valley of Lais
Sweden Taavavuoma
Sweden Vindel Mountains (including Lake Tärna)
United Kingdom Fetlar
United Kingdom Uists Machairs, Lochs and Coast
United Kingdom West Coast of Benbecula

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) suitable non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Climate change & severe weather Temperature extremes Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Causing/Could cause fluctuations Medium Impact: 6
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Eggs Wild Non-trivial Historical
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Phalaropus lobatus. Downloaded from on 20/10/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 20/10/2019.