Red-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollis


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,910,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,130,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 575000-805000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -

Population justification: The European breeding population is estimated at 101,000-140,000 calling or lekking males, which equates to 202,000-281,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c. 35% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 575,000-805,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction (del Hoyo et al. 1999). The European population is estimated to be decreasing (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Algeria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso V Extant
Côte d'Ivoire V Extant
Croatia V Extant
Denmark V Extant
France V Extant
Ghana V Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Italy V Extant
Libya V Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta V Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Morocco N Extant Yes
Nigeria V Extant
Portugal N Extant Yes
Senegal V Extant
Spain N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Western Sahara N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Algeria Belezma
Morocco Canton Forestier de Sidi Bou Ghaba
Morocco Embouchure Oued Moulouya
Morocco Jbel Zerhoun
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou
Morocco Parc Naturel de Talassemtane
Morocco Région Fouchal - Matarka
Morocco Tarhazoute
Portugal Cabrela
Portugal Malcata mountains
Portugal Upper River Tejo
Spain Bardenas Reales
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas
Spain Monfragüe
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata
Spain Sierra Morena de Córdoba
Tunisia Bouhedma
Tunisia Îles Kneiss
Tunisia Plaines de Kairouan
Tunisia Sebkhet Ennoual

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation major breeding
Altitude 0 - 1500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Caprimulgus ruficollis. Downloaded from on 19/09/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 19/09/2019.