Red-masked Parakeet Psittacara erythrogenys


Taxonomic note
Psittacara erythrogenys (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Aratinga.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Near Threatened A2cd+4cd
2018 Near Threatened A2acd+3cd+4acd; C1+2a(i)
2016 Near Threatened A2acd+3cd+4acd; C1+2a(i)
2012 Near Threatened A2acd+3cd+4acd;C1+2a(i)
2011 Near Threatened A2a,c,d; A3a,c,d; A4a,c,d; C1; C2a(i)
2008 Near Threatened C1; C2a(i)
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 178,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2500-9999 poor suspected 2007
Population trend Decreasing poor inferred -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 20-29 - - -
Number of subpopulations 2 - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation 1-89 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6 - - -

Population justification: The population size has not been formally estimated. The species is described as 'common' in parts of its range, but has been undergoing severe local declines (Ridgely 1981; Williams and Tobias 1994; Best et al. 1995; Kalodimos 2020). The total population is unlikely to be smaller than 10,000 individuals, with the majority occurring in Ecuador (Best et al. 1995). This roughly equates to 6,700 mature individuals. To account for uncertainty, the population is here placed in the band 2,500-9,999 mature individuals, but detailed study is required.
The population likely forms two subpopulation, with a divide in the centre of the range in Guayas, El Oro and Azuay, Ecuador (Best et al. 1995).

Trend justification: The species is inferred to be undergoing a moderately rapid decline owing to trapping for the pet trade, coupled with habitat loss and degradation (Juniper and Parr 1998). The rate of decline appears to have decreased in recent years (Freile et al. 2019).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Chile I Extant Yes
Colombia I Extant Yes
Ecuador N Extant Yes
Peru N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) I Extant Yes
Spain I Extant Yes
USA I Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Ecuador Abras de Mantequilla
Ecuador Alamor-Celica
Ecuador Bosque Protector Cerro Blanco
Ecuador Bosque Protector Cerro Pata de Pájaro
Ecuador Bosque Protector Chongón-Colonche
Ecuador Bosque Protector Jatumpamba-Jorupe
Ecuador Bosque Protector Puyango
Ecuador Cañón del río Catamayo
Ecuador Catacocha
Ecuador Cazaderos-Mangaurquillo
Ecuador Centro Científico Río Palenque
Ecuador Cerro de Hayas-Naranjal
Ecuador Cordillera El Bálsamo
Ecuador Daucay
Ecuador Reserva Biológica Tito Santos
Ecuador Estación Científica Pedro Franco Dávila
Ecuador Hacienda Camarones
Ecuador La Tagua
Ecuador Bosque Protector Molleturo Mullopungo
Ecuador Parque Nacional Machalilla y alrededores
Ecuador Reserva Buenaventura
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Arenillas
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Comunal Loma Alta
Ecuador Mache Chindul Ecological Reserve and surrouding areas (Reserva Ecológica Mache-Chindul IBA)
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Manglares-Churute y Canal de Jambelí
Ecuador Reserva Natural Tumbesia-La Ceiba-Zapotillo
Ecuador Tambo Negro
Ecuador Tiquibuzo
Ecuador Tonchigüe-Mompiche
Ecuador Utuana-Bosque de Hanne
Peru Alto Valle del Saña
Peru Bosque de Cuyas
Peru Chaparrí
Peru Coto de Caza El Angolo
Peru Las Delicias
Peru Bosques Secos de Salitral - Huarmaca - Olmos
Peru Paltashaco
Peru Suyo-La Tina
Peru Laquipampa
Peru Zona Reservada de Tumbes
Peru Parque Nacional Cerros de Amotape
Ecuador Isla Santay
Peru Talara
Puerto Rico (to USA) Caño Tiburones
Peru Santuario Histórico Bosque de Pomac

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1500 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 2500 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Psittacara erythrogenys. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2022.