Red Kite Milvus milvus


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Mammen, U., Mammen, K., Kratzsch, L. andr Resetaritz, A. 2009. Interactions of Red Kites and wind farms in Germany: results of radio telemetry and field observations. In: David, F. (ed.), Red Kite International symposium, pp. 100-105. Montbéliard, France.

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Mougeot, F.; Garcia, J. T.; Viñuela J. 2011. Breeding biology, behaviour, diet and conservation of the Red Kite (Milvus milvus), with particular emphasis on Mediterranean populations. In: Zuberogoitia, I.; Martínez, J.E. (ed.), Ecology and conservation of European dwelling forest raptors and owls, pp. 190-204. Editorial Diputación Foral de Vizcaya, Bilbao, Spain.

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Pinaud, D., Passerault, M., Hemery, A. and Bretagnolle, V. 2009. Status of the Red Kite in France: results of the 2008 national survey. In: David, F. (ed.), Red Kite International symposium, pp. 21-22. Montbéliard, France.

Schaub, M. 2012. Spatial distribution of wind turbines is crucial for the survival of red kite populations. Biol. Conserv. 155: 111-118.

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Smart, J.; Amar, A.; Sim, I. M. W.; Etheridge, B.; Cameron, D.; Christie, G.; Wilson, J. D. 2010. Illegal killing slows population recovery of a re-introduced raptor of high conservation concern - the Red Kite Milvus milvus. Biological Conservation 143(5): 1278-1286.

Snow, D.W.; Perrins, C.M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Thiollay, J.-M.; Bretagnolle, V. 2004. Rapaces nicheurs de France: distribution, effectifs et conservation. Delachaux et Niestlé, Paris.

Villafuerte, R.; Viñuela, J.; Blanco, J. C. 1998. Extensive predator persecution caused by population crash in a game species: the case of Red Kites and Rabbits in Spain. Biol. Conserv. 84: 181-188.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Jump to the case study for this species in Wildlife comeback in Europe: The recovery of selected mammal and bird species (Deniet et al. 2003)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources
Euro Bird Portal

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Milvus milvus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/08/2020.