Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 25 g

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,780,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,860,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified. In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 2,300-7,000 pairs, which equates to 4,600-14,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015), but Europe forms <5% of the global range.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. The very small European population is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Belgium V Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Czechia V Extant
France V Extant
Germany V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq V Extant
Israel V Extant
Italy V Extant
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Norway V Extant
Oman V Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Spain V Extant
Sri Lanka V Extant Yes
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland V Extant
Syria V Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Turkey V Extant
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lotfatabad and Darregaz area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hari Rud valley near Sarrakhs
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Voshmigir dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bibishervan and Lake Eymar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khosh-Yeilagh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Touran
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shirvan area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Tandoureh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Kazakhstan Zhusandala
Kazakhstan Ili River Delta
Kazakhstan Arys-Karaktau State Reserved Zone
Kazakhstan Altyn-Emel National Park
Uzbekistan Aktepe Reservoir and Three Lakes
Uzbekistan Saiga Nature Sanctuary
Uzbekistan Arnasay Lake System
Uzbekistan Vardanzi
Uzbekistan Tuzkan Lake
Uzbekistan Karnabchul Steppe
Uzbekistan Karakyr Lakes
Turkmenistan Gurykhovudan
Turkmenistan Repetek
Turkmenistan Nargyz
Kazakhstan Topar Lake System
Tajikistan Sarazm
Turkmenistan Badhyz
Turkmenistan Kurendag - Garagoz
Turkmenistan Garadegish
Kazakhstan Kapchagay Canyon
Uzbekistan Kattakurgan Reservoir
Uzbekistan Khodzha-Davlet
Uzbekistan Northern part of the Assake-Audan depression
Kazakhstan Kenshektau Mountains
Turkmenistan Garachop
Turkmenistan Garashor
Turkmenistan Garabil
Turkmenistan Delili - Garajabatyr
Turkmenistan Mergen
Turkmenistan Muskinata
Turkmenistan Saryyazy
Turkmenistan Tejen
Turkmenistan Uzboy
Turkmenistan Chokrak-Tutly
Turkmenistan Tekejik - Biynekyr
Uzbekistan Zarafshan State Nature Reserve
Turkmenistan Koymat - Begarslan
Uzbekistan Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake
Kazakhstan Zhagabulak Forest
Kazakhstan Uil River and Taysoygan Sands
Kazakhstan Sagyz
Turkmenistan Uly Balkan
Kyrgyzstan Tulek Valley
Uzbekistan Akpetky lakes and surrounding Aralkum Desert
Kazakhstan Zheltoranga
Uzbekistan Dalverzin State Forestry and Hunting Management Area
Kazakhstan Donyz-Tau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Chokpak Pass
Turkmenistan Koytendag

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Emberiza bruniceps. Downloaded from on 09/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 09/12/2022.