NT
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened A2bc+3bc+4bc
2013 Near Threatened A2bc+3bc+4bc
2012 Near Threatened A2bc+3bc+4bc
2008 Near Threatened A2b,c; A3b,c; A4b,c
2005 Near Threatened
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 12,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,350,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium estimated 2001
Population trend Decreasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 10-15 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 10-15 - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.7 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number 300,000-800,000 individuals, with 30,000-64,000 pairs in Europe (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction. The European population (forming c.40% of the global population) is estimated to be decreasing at a rate approaching 30% in 17.1 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan V Extant
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Angola N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium V Extant
Benin N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czech Republic N Extant Yes Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes
Djibouti V Extant
Egypt N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon V Extant
Gambia N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait V Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan U Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Lesotho V Extant Yes
Liberia V Extant Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant
Luxembourg V Extant
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant
Mali N Extant Yes
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco V Extant
Mozambique N Extant Yes Yes
Namibia N Extant Yes
Netherlands V Extant
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal V Extant
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda N Extant
San Marino U Extant Yes
São Tomé e Príncipe V Extant
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia V Extant
South Africa N Extant Yes
Spain V Extant
Sudan N Extant Yes
Swaziland V Extant
Sweden N Extant
Switzerland N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan V Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Togo N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan V Extant
Uganda N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
USA V Extant
Uzbekistan V Extant
Yemen V Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Botswana Lake Ngami
Botswana Okavango Delta
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Ropotamo Complex
Bulgaria Shabla Lake Complex
Bulgaria Zlatiata
Cyprus Akhna dam
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs
Cyprus Cape Greco
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands
Cyprus Pafos Plain
Cyprus Paramali River and Plateau
Cyprus Xeros Valley and Hanoutaris Cliffs
Hungary Alkaline lakes of Kiskunság
Hungary Bihar Plain
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Hungary Heves Plain
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Kaszáló Wood of Abony
Italy Marchesato and River Neto
Kazakhstan Alekseevskie steppe pine forests
Kazakhstan Amankaragay Forest
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Iskrinskie Pine Forests
Kazakhstan Kamyshovoe-Zhamankol Lakes
Kazakhstan Koybagar-Tyuntyugur Lake System
Kazakhstan Kushmurun Lake
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Teniz-Karakamys Lakes
Kazakhstan Ural River Valley
Kazakhstan Zhagabulak Forest
Kenya Ol Ari Nyiro
Moldova Congaz – Taraclia Lakes
Moldova Purcari - Etulia
Romania Alceului valley
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Allah Bair - Capidava
Romania Avrig - Scorei - Făgăraş
Romania Babadag wood
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei
Romania Băneasa - Canaraua Fetei
Romania Barcă river flood-plain
Romania Bârnova woodland
Romania Beştepe - Mahmudia
Romania Braţul Borcea
Romania Câmpia Cermeiului
Romania Câmpia Crişurilor
Romania Câmpia Nirului - Valea lerului
Romania Comana
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Denis Tepe
Romania Dobrogei gorge
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova
Romania Dunăre - Ostroave
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin)
Romania Hagieni forest
Romania Horga - Zorleni
Romania Hunedoara Timişană
Romania Ilfov reservoir
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Kogălniceanu - Gura Ialomiţei
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu)
Romania Lake Brateş
Romania Lake Siutghiol
Romania Lake Taşaul
Romania Mândra wetlands
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Prut river flood-plain - Vlădeşti - Frumuşiţa
Romania Radomir wood
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Stepa Casimcea
Romania Stepa Saraiu - Horea
Russia (Central Asian) Baturino-Simansky area
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shiye and Maliye Donki lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kazanskaya flood-plain of the Ishim river
Russia (Central Asian) Kurumbel'skaya steppe
Russia (Central Asian) Pershinsko-Manatkinsky area
Russia (Central Asian) Sibirskaya anabranch (Irtysh flood-plain)
Russia (Central Asian) Sources of the Bolshaya Karaganka and Syntasty rivers
Russia (European) Buninski forest
Russia (European) Floodplain of Ilek river near Pokrovka
Russia (European) Irgaklinski forest
Russia (European) Karanogaiskiye steppes
Russia (European) Leninsk forest area
Russia (European) Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river
Russia (European) Severo-donetskaya
Russia (European) Sources of Akshibai river
Russia (European) Taman'
Russia (European) Vicinity of Borisoglebovka (Saratovski [Semenovski] Reserve)
Serbia Okanj I Rusanda
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Serbia Slano Kopovo
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Slovakia Dolné Považie
Slovakia Lehnice
Slovakia Miloslavov
Slovakia Ostrovne luky
Slovakia Puste Ulany-Zelenec
Slovakia Syslovské fields
Slovenia Lake Cerknica
Slovenia Ljubljansko moor
Ukraine Agricultural lands near Bilorets'ke (Chornozemne village)
Ukraine Berezans'kyj lyman and Solonets Tuzly pond
Ukraine Carpathian Vulkanichnyj Mountains
Ukraine Chauda
Ukraine Gajchur river valley
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Knyazhe-Grigorivka village)
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Vasylivka village)
Ukraine Konka river mouth
Ukraine Kremenets'kyj forest
Ukraine Mokri Yasli forestry plantation

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 1500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Species disturbance, Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Unlikely to Return Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Past Impact
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion, Reduced reproductive success
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Residential & commercial development Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Falco vespertinus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/10/2017.