LC
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 1118 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 19,600,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 27,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated at 420,000-600,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 27,500-43,000 pairs, which equates to 55,100-86,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are increasing or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). The population trend in Europe is unknown (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahrain V Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes Yes
Georgia N Extant
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan V Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Libya V Extant
Malta V Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman V Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar V Extant
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka V Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Thailand V Extant
Tunisia V Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
United Kingdom I Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Lednicke rybniky ponds (Lednice fish-ponds)
North Macedonia Lake Prespa
North Macedonia Lake Ohrid
Azerbaijan Sangachal Bay
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Azerbaijan Shahdidi spit
Azerbaijan Varvara Reservoir
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Cyprus Akhna dam
Cyprus Akrotiri salt-lake including Bishop's Pool
Romania Lake Siutghiol
Romania Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex
Romania Parches-Somova wetland
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău
Turkey Işıklı Lake
Turkey Köyceğiz Lake
Turkey Burdur Lake
Turkey Eğirdir Lake
Turkey Çavuşçu Lake
Turkey Mogan lake
Turkey Sapanca Lake
Turkey Hafik Zara Hills
Turkey Sultan Marsh
Turkey Seyfe Lake
Turkey Hirfanlı Reservoir
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta
Turkey Yeşilırmak Delta
Turkey Kulu Lake
Turkey Ereğli Plain
Turkey Eşmekaya Marshes
Turkey Beyşehir Lake
Turkey Hotamış Marshes
Turkey Sodalıgöl (Arın Lake)
Poland Luknajno lake
Poland Ostrówek and Smogulec ponds
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Vistula Lagoon
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Lakes Vegoritis and Petron
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Epanomi lagoon
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Lake Agras
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Evros delta
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Kotychi lagoon
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Lakes Trichonis and Lysimachia
Hungary Lake Fertő
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don
Russia (European) Achikol'skiye lakes
Russia (European) Western Ilmen area
Russia (European) Volga Delta
Russia (European) Mouth of Yeya river
Russia (European) Kizlyar Bay
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Santa Pola salt-pans
Spain El Hondo wetland
Spain Albufera de Valencia marshes
Spain Almenara marshes
Spain Ebro delta
Spain Gallocanta lake
Spain Tablas de Daimiel marshes; 'Vicario' and 'Gasset' reservoirs and Malagón lakes
Spain Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons
Spain River Ebro dam
Spain Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes
Spain Cortados del Jarama
Spain Sariñena lake and La Estación pond
Spain El Moro marshes
Spain Tembleque-La Guardia plains
Spain Pedro Muñoz-Manjavacas endorreic lagoons
Spain El Hito
Portugal Santo André and Sancha lagoons
Ukraine Stentsivs'ko-Zhebriyanivs'ki plavni
Ukraine Dnipro delta
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Oril' river valley
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Domaine d'Orx
France Forêts du Perche
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Brenne centrale
France Vallée de la Loire : Orléanais
France Etang de Biguglia
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Vallée de la Meuse
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Vallée de la Garonne : Moissac
France Camargue
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France La Dombes
France Val de Saône
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Iles du Haut-Rhône
France Plaine du Forez
France Ile de la Platière
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Lac et marais du Bourget
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil
Italy Vico lake
Italy Po Delta
Italy Grado and Marano lagoon
Italy Lake Trasimeno
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona
Italy Oristano wetlands
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Albania Lake Shkodra (Lake Scadar)
Albania Lake Ohrid and surrounding area
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Romania Black Sea
Serbia Srednje Potamišje
Armenia Armash fish-farm
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria Neusiedler See
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Czechia Nove Mlyny middle reservoir
Switzerland Lake Neuchâtel: Corcelettes-Vaumarcus
Switzerland Lake Neuchâtel: southern shore
Germany Putzarer See, Galenbecker See, Brohmer Berge
Germany Eastern shore of Lake Müritz, Grosser Schwerin and Steinhorn
Germany Chiemsee and Chiemseemoore
Germany Ammersee
Germany Ismaninger Speichersee and fish ponds
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Starnberger See
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Dümmer
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Aisch-Regnitz-Grund
Germany Selenter See
Germany Grosser Plöner See
Germany Strand lakes and fish-ponds in south-western Fehmarn
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Federseeried
Germany Rothenbach pond
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Alluvion of the middle Horloff
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Untersee of Lake Constance
Germany Lake Überlingen of Lake Constance
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Croatia Jelas Field
Croatia Donji Miholjac fish-ponds
Croatia Vrana Lake and Jasen
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala
Montenegro Lake Skadar
Turkey Hasan Lake
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Amirkelayeh lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Russia (European) Yeiski salt-lakes
Russia (European) Agrakhanski Bay (North Agrakhan)
Bangladesh Tanguar Haor and Panabeel
China (mainland) Lugu Hu
China (mainland) Cang Shan Er Hai Nature Reserve
Mongolia Uvs Lake
Mongolia Airag Lake
Mongolia Baga and Bayan Lakes
Mongolia Khar Us Lake
Pakistan Kirthar National Park (including Hub Dam)
Russia (Asian) Khadyn lake
India Kaliveli Tank and Yeduyanthittu estuary
Russia (European) Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river
Russia (European) Sokolino-Kasplyanskaya area
Russia (Central Asian) Travykul' lake
Azerbaijan Aggyol
Azerbaijan Kura Delta
Azerbaijan Sahil settlement - Shelf factory
Russia (Central Asian) Gorbunnoe and Solenoe Lakes
Bulgaria Kaliakra
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Boucle de Moisson
France Etang de Lindre
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Etang du Bagnas
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Crau
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Forêt de la Reine
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tulak lake
Russia (Central Asian) Karamys lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tarutino Lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lapoo - Zargmarz ab-bandans
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Incheh Borun lake and marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Voshmigir dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bibishervan and Lake Eymar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Haft Barm
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Mongolia Boon Tsagaan Lake
Uzbekistan Zekry Lake
Uzbekistan Rogatoe Lake
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake
Uzbekistan Dengizkul Lake
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Uzbekistan Karakyr Lakes
Kazakhstan Irgiz-Turgay Lakes
Turkmenistan Turkmenbashy Bay
Turkmenistan Turkmen Bay
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy
Turkmenistan Sarygamysh
Turkmenistan Ayrakly – Garadzhaovlak
Turkmenistan Khanguyy
Turkmenistan Jarsay - Khangui
Turkmenistan Khankhovuz
Turkmenistan Erajy
Turkmenistan Soltandag Lake
Turkmenistan Taylak Lake
Turkmenistan Soltansanjar - Duyeboyun
Turkmenistan Kelif Lakes
Turkmenistan Zeyit - Kelif
Uzbekistan Achinskoe Lake
Turkmenistan Ketteshor - Ramankol
Turkmenistan Karabogaz
Turkmenistan Garagumderya
Turkmenistan Soltandag - Gyzylburun
Ukraine Gerojsk Lakes
Tajikistan Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Saumalkol Lake
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Karatal River
Kazakhstan Shalkar Lake
Kazakhstan Sarshyganak Lake
Italy Ticino river
Russia (European) Southern Agrakhan lake
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Kazakhstan Ters-Ashchibulak Reservoir
Turkmenistan Deryatakyr
Turkmenistan Gurtli
Turkmenistan Kopetdagkhovudan
Turkmenistan Mergen
Turkmenistan Saryyazy
Turkmenistan South Cheleken Bay
Turkmenistan Chokrak-Tutly
Russia (European) Taman'
Russia (European) Karakol'skiye lakes
Kazakhstan Kushum Lakes
Russia (European) Manychstroi area
Uzbekistan Khorezm Fish Farm and adjacent lakes
Uzbekistan Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake
Kazakhstan Tentek River Delta
Kazakhstan Lake Alakol Islands
Russia (European) Kozinka lake and Baranikovski segment of Manych
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake
Turkey Akşehir and Eber Lakes
Croatia Pokuplje Basin
Netherlands Lake Veluwemeer
Russia (European) Kazachka
Germany Konstanzer Bucht of Lake Constance
Germany Obersee: Schachener Bucht
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Lakes of Schwerin, Dambeck and Warin
Germany Riddagshäuser Teiche
Germany Leine valley Koldingen-Ruthe
Germany Bodanrück and Mindelsee
Germany Gravel pits Krauchenwies-Zielfingen
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Danube valley between Neuburg and Ingolstadt
Germany Schaalsee
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Untermain
Germany Selent-Plön fishponds
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Romania Danube Delta
Kyrgyzstan Western Issyk Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Issyk Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Karkyra Valley
Kyrgyzstan Water reservation of Northern Chu Valley
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Dobskie Lake
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Poland Lower Skawa River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve
Poland Kuznica Warezynska Reservoir
China (mainland) Ulungur Hu and Jili Hu (Fu Hai)
China (mainland) Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan
China (mainland) Bosten Lake
China (mainland) Lower reaches of Tarim River
China (mainland) Qiemo Oasis and Qarqan River
China (mainland) Bayanbulak and Kaidu River Valley
China (mainland) Aksu River basin
China (mainland) Bachu Oasis
China (mainland) Hotan Oasis
Uzbekistan Akpetky lakes and surrounding Aralkum Desert
Uzbekistan Ayakaghytma lake and surrounding desert
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Batpakkol lake
Kazakhstan Salmanykol lake
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Kazakhstan Caspian Sea shore between Volga and Ural River Deltas
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Kazakhstan Aksuat Lake
Netherlands Veluwerandmeren
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Tuzkol Lake
Kazakhstan Ushkol Lake
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Tyulen’i (Seal) Islands
Kazakhstan Delta of the Ural River
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan portion of the river Volga's Delta - Zhambay
Turkmenistan Tallymerjen
India Hatnur Dam

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Netta rufina. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/07/2020.