LC
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 1118 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 19,600,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 27,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated at 420,000-600,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 27,500-43,000 pairs, which equates to 55,100-86,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are increasing or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). The population trend in Europe is unknown (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahrain V Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes Yes
Georgia N Extant
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan V Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Libya V Extant
Malta V Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman V Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar V Extant
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka V Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Thailand V Extant
Tunisia V Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
United Kingdom I Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Albania Lake Ohrid and surrounding area
Austria Neusiedler See
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Azerbaijan Aggyol
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Azerbaijan Kura Delta
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Azerbaijan Sahil settlement - Shelf factory
Azerbaijan Sangachal Bay
Azerbaijan Shahdidi spit
Bangladesh Tanguar Haor and Panabeel
China (mainland) Aksu River basin
China (mainland) Bachu Oasis
China (mainland) Bayanbulak and Kaidu River Valley
China (mainland) Bosten Lake
China (mainland) Cang Shan Er Hai Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Hotan Oasis
China (mainland) Lower reaches of Tarim River
China (mainland) Lugu Hu
China (mainland) Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan
China (mainland) Qiemo Oasis and Qarqan River
China (mainland) Ulungur Hu and Jili Hu (Fu Hai)
Czechia Lednicke rybniky ponds (Lednice fish-ponds)
Czechia Nove Mlyny middle reservoir
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
France Camargue
France La Dombes
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
Germany Ammersee
Germany Chiemsee and Chiemseemoore
Germany Grosser Plöner See
Germany Ismaninger Speichersee and fish ponds
Germany Konstanzer Bucht of Lake Constance
Germany Lake Überlingen of Lake Constance
Germany Lakes of Schwerin, Dambeck and Warin
Germany Starnberger See
Germany Untersee of Lake Constance
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Hungary Lake Fertő
India Hatnur Dam
India Kaliveli Tank and Yeduyanthittu estuary
Iran, Islamic Republic of Amirkelayeh lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Kazakhstan Irgiz-Turgay Lakes
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Kushum Lakes
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Karatal River
Kazakhstan Sarshyganak Lake
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Issyk Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Western Issyk Kul Lake
Mongolia Airag Lake
Mongolia Baga and Bayan Lakes
Mongolia Boon Tsagaan Lake
Mongolia Khar Us Lake
Mongolia Uvs Lake
Pakistan Kirthar National Park (including Hub Dam)
Portugal Santo André and Sancha lagoons
Romania Danube Delta
Russia (Asian) Khadyn lake
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake
Russia (European) Achikol'skiye lakes
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don
Russia (European) Karakol'skiye lakes
Russia (European) Kazachka
Russia (European) Kozinka lake and Baranikovski segment of Manych
Russia (European) Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river
Russia (European) Manychstroi area
Russia (European) Mouth of Yeya river
Russia (European) Southern Agrakhan lake
Russia (European) Yeiski salt-lakes
Spain Albufera de Valencia marshes
Spain Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons
Spain Almenara marshes
Spain Ebro delta
Spain El Hondo wetland
Spain El Moro marshes
Spain Gallocanta lake
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Pedro Muñoz-Manjavacas endorreic lagoons
Spain River Ebro dam
Spain Santa Pola salt-pans
Spain Tablas de Daimiel marshes; 'Vicario' and 'Gasset' reservoirs and Malagón lakes
Spain Tembleque-La Guardia plains
Switzerland Lake Neuchâtel: Corcelettes-Vaumarcus
Switzerland Lake Neuchâtel: southern shore
Tajikistan Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve
Turkey Akşehir and Eber Lakes
Turkey Beyşehir Lake
Turkey Burdur Lake
Turkey Çavuşçu Lake
Turkey Eğirdir Lake
Turkey Ereğli Plain
Turkey Eşmekaya Marshes
Turkey Hirfanlı Reservoir
Turkey Hotamış Marshes
Turkey Işıklı Lake
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta
Turkey Köyceğiz Lake
Turkey Mogan lake
Turkey Sapanca Lake
Turkey Sultan Marsh
Turkey Yeşilırmak Delta
Turkmenistan Ayrakly – Garadzhaovlak
Turkmenistan Chokrak-Tutly
Turkmenistan Deryatakyr
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy
Turkmenistan Jarsay - Khangui
Turkmenistan Ketteshor - Ramankol
Turkmenistan Saryyazy
Turkmenistan Soltandag - Gyzylburun
Turkmenistan Soltansanjar - Duyeboyun
Turkmenistan Turkmen Bay
Turkmenistan Turkmenbashy Bay
Turkmenistan Zeyit - Kelif
Ukraine Stentsivs'ko-Zhebriyanivs'ki plavni
Uzbekistan Achinskoe Lake
Uzbekistan Akpetky lakes and surrounding Aralkum Desert
Uzbekistan Ayakaghytma lake and surrounding desert
Uzbekistan Dengizkul Lake
Uzbekistan Karakyr Lakes
Uzbekistan Khorezm Fish Farm and adjacent lakes
Uzbekistan Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake
Uzbekistan Rogatoe Lake
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs
Uzbekistan Zekry Lake

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Netta rufina. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/12/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/12/2019.