Red-cockaded Woodpecker Leuconotopicus borealis


Bonnie, R. 1997. Strategies for conservation of the Red-cockaded Woodpecker on private lands. Endangered Species Update 14(7-8): 45-47.

Carter, J. H.; Walters, J. R.; Everhart, S. H.; Doerr, P. D. 1989. Restrictions for Red-cockaded Woodpecker cavities. Wildlife Society Bulletin 17: 68-72.

Conner, R. N.; Rudolph, D. C. 1995. Losses of Red-cockaded Woodpeckers cavity trees to southern pine beetles. Wilson Bulletin 107: 81-92.

Conner, R. N.; Rudolph, D. C.; Walters, J. R. 2001. The Red-cockaded Woodpecker: surviving in a fire-maintained ecosystem. University of Texas Press, Austin.

Cox, J. A.; McCormick, J. K. 2016. New insights from an attempt to reintroduce Red-cockaded Woodpeckers in northern Florida. Journal of Field Ornithology 87(4): 360-370.

Dale, S. 2001. Female biased dispersal, low female recruitment, unpaired males, and the extinction of small and isolated bird populations. Oikos 92(2): 344-356.

Daniels, S. J.; Walters, J. R. 2000. Inbreeding depression and its effects on natal dispersal in Red-cockaded Woodpeckers. Condor 102: 482-491.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Duncan, L.; Andrews, L.; Costa, R.; Lohr, S. 2001. A safe harbor for the Red-cockaded Woodpecker. Endangered Species Bulletin 26: 16-18.

Guynn, D. 1997. Red-cockaded Woodpeckers. Bird Watcher's Digest 20: 60-65.

Herbez, E.M., Chamberlain, M.J. and Wood, D.R. 2011. Using Adult Groups of Red-Cockaded Woodpeckers for Translocations and Population Augmentation. Journal of Wildlife Management 75(7): 1568-1573.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 April 2017).

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Jackson, J. A. 1994. Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis). In: Poole, A.; Gill, F. (ed.), The birds of North America, No. 85, pp. 1-20. The Academy of Natural Sciences, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC.

Jackson, J. A. 2000. Red-cockaded Woodpecker. In: Reading, R.P.; Miller, B. (ed.), Endangered animals: a reference guide to conflicting issues, pp. 241-246. Greenwood Press, London.

Jackson, J. A. 2020. Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Dryobates borealis), version 1.0. Ithaca, NY, USA Available at: https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.recwoo.01.

James, F. C. 1995. The status of the Red-cockaded Woodpecker in 1990 and the prospect for recovery. In: Kulhavy, D.L.; Hooper, R.G.; Costa, R. (ed.), Red-cockaded Woodpecker: recovery, ecology and management, pp. 439-451. Center for Applied Studies in Forestry Publication, College of Forestry, Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, Texas.

Kennedy, E. T.; Costa, R.; Smathers, W. M. 1996. Economic incentives: new directions for Red-cockaded Woodpecker habitat conservation. Journal of Forestry 94: 22-26.

McKellar, A. E., Kesler, D. C., Mitchell, R. J., Delaney, D. K. and Walters, J. R. 2014. Geographic variation in fitness and foraging habitat quality in an endangered bird. Biological Conservation 175: 52-64.

Partners in Flight. 2019. Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2019. Available at: http://pif.birdconservancy.org/ACAD.

Rosenberg, K.V.; Kennedy, J.A.; Dettmers, R.; Ford, R.P.; Reynolds, D.; Alexander, J.D.; Beardmore, C.J.; Blancher, P.J.; Bogart, R.E.; Butcher, G.S.; Camfield, A.F.; Couturier, A.; Demarest, D.W.; Easton, W.E.; Giocomo, J.J.; Keller, R.H.; Mini, A.E.; Panjabi, A.O.; Pashley, D.N.; Rich, T.D.; Ruth, J.M.; Stabins, H.; Stanton, J.; Will, T. 2016. Partners in Flight Landbird Conservation Plan: 2016 Revision for Canada and Continental United States. Partners in Flight Science Committee.

Saenz, D.; Conner, R. N.; Shackleford, C. E.; Rudolph, D. C. 1998. Pileated Woodpecker damage to Red-cockaded Woodpecker cavity trees in eastern Texas. Wilson Bulletin 110: 362-367.

Sauer, J.R.; Niven, D.K.; Hines, J.E.; Ziolkowski Jr, D.J.; Pardieck, K.L.; Fallon, J.E.; Link, W.A. 2017. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966 - 2015. Version 12.23.2015. Laurel, MD

Schaefer, R. R.; Conner, R.N.; Rudolph, D. G.; Saenz, D. 2004. Red-cockaded Woodpecker nestling provisioning and reproduction in two different pine habitats. Wilson Bulletin 116: 31-40.

Schiegg, K..; Daniels, S.J.; Walters, J. R.; Priddy, J. A.; Pasinelli, G. 2006. Inbreeding in Red-cockaded Woodpeckers: effects of natal dispersal distance and territory location. Biological Conservation 131: 544-552.

Smith, J. A.; Brust, K.; Skelton, J.; Walters, J. R. 2018. How effective is the Safe Harbor program for the conservation of Red-cockaded Woodpeckers? The Condor Ornithological Applications 120: 223-233.

Steen, D.A., Conner, L.M., Smith, L.L., Provencher, L., Hiers, J.K., Pokswinski, S., Helms, B.S and Guyer, C. 2013. Bird assemblage response to restoration of fire-suppressed longleaf pine sandhills. Ecological Applications 23(1): 134-147.

Thomlinson, J. R. 1995. Landscape characteristics associated with active and abandoned Red-cockaded Woodpecker clusters in east Texas. Wilson Bulletin 107: 603-614.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2003. Recovery plan for the Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis).

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2008. Red-cockaded Woodpecker Fact Sheet. Available at: #http://www.fws.gov/rcwrecovery/files/rcwoodpecker.pdf#.

Walters, J. R.; Hansen, S. K.; Carter, J. H.; Manor, P. D. 1988. Long-distance dispersal of an adult Red-cockaded Woodpecker. Wilson Bulletin 100: 494-496.

Winkler, H.; Christie, D. A.; Nurney, D. 1995. Woodpeckers: a guide to the woodpeckers, piculets and wrynecks of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, U.K.

Wood, D. R.; Burger Jr., L. W.; Vilella, F. J.; Raulston, B. E. 2000. Long-term effects of Red-cockaded Woodpecker cavity-entrance restrictors. Wildlife Society Bulletin 28(1): 105-109.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service - Revised Recovery Plan

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Leuconotopicus borealis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2021.