Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus


Boeken, B. 2016. Breeding success of Red-billed Tropicbirds Phaethon aethereus on the Caribbean island of Saba. Ardea 104(3): 263-271.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Diop, N., Ba, C. T., Ndiaye, P. I., Militão, T., & González-Solís, J. 2019. Population Size and Breeding Phenology of Red-Billed Tropicbirds (Phaethon aethereus) on Iles de la Madeleine, Senegal. Waterbirds 42(1): 100-106.

Hernández-Vázquez, S., Castillo-Guerrero, J. A., Mellink, E., & Almaguer-Hernández, A. M. 2018. Colony Size and Breeding Success of Red-billed Tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus) on Peña Blanca Island, Colima, México. Waterbirds 41(2): 128-134.

IUCN. 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2019).

Lee, D.S. and Walsh-McGehe, M. 2000. Population estimates, conservation concerns and management of Tropicbirds in the western Atlantic. Caribbean Journal of Science 36: 267-279.

Orta, J., Jutglar, F., Garcia, E.F.J. & Kirwan, G.M. 2019. Red-billed Tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E (ed.), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Piña-Ortiz, A., Hernández-Vázquez, S., Fernández, G., & Castillo-Guerrero, J. A. 2018. Distribution and population size of the Red-billed Tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus) in Mexico. Waterbirds 41(2): 135-144.

Sarmento, R.; Brito, D.; Ladle, R.J.; Leal da Rosa, G.; Efe, M.A. 2014. Invasive house (Rattus rattus) and brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) threaten the viability of red-billed tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus) in Abrolhos National Park, Brazil. Tropical Conservation Science 7(4): 614-627.

Further resources

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Phaethon aethereus. Downloaded from on 07/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 07/07/2020.