Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus


Boeken, B. 2016. Breeding success of Red-billed Tropicbirds Phaethon aethereus on the Caribbean island of Saba. Ardea 104(3): 263-271.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Diop, N., Ba, C. T., Ndiaye, P. I., Militão, T., & González-Solís, J. 2019. Population Size and Breeding Phenology of Red-Billed Tropicbirds (Phaethon aethereus) on Iles de la Madeleine, Senegal. Waterbirds 42(1): 100-106.

Hernández-Vázquez, S., Castillo-Guerrero, J. A., Mellink, E., & Almaguer-Hernández, A. M. 2018. Colony Size and Breeding Success of Red-billed Tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus) on Peña Blanca Island, Colima, México. Waterbirds 41(2): 128-134.

IUCN. 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2019).

Lee, D.S. and Walsh-McGehe, M. 2000. Population estimates, conservation concerns and management of Tropicbirds in the western Atlantic. Caribbean Journal of Science 36: 267-279.

Orta, J., Jutglar, F., Garcia, E.F.J. & Kirwan, G.M. 2019. Red-billed Tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E (ed.), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Piña-Ortiz, A., Hernández-Vázquez, S., Fernández, G., & Castillo-Guerrero, J. A. 2018. Distribution and population size of the Red-billed Tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus) in Mexico. Waterbirds 41(2): 135-144.

Sarmento, R.; Brito, D.; Ladle, R.J.; Leal da Rosa, G.; Efe, M.A. 2014. Invasive house (Rattus rattus) and brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) threaten the viability of red-billed tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus) in Abrolhos National Park, Brazil. Tropical Conservation Science 7(4): 614-627.

Further resources

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Phaethon aethereus. Downloaded from on 27/07/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 27/07/2021.