LC
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency low
Land-mass type Average mass -
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 18,900,000 km2 medium
Extent of Occurrence (non-breeding) 15,700,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size 24000000-47999999 mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend decreasing - estimated -
Generation length 4 years - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 7,440,000-14,300,000 pairs, which equates to 14,900,000-28,600,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.60% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 24,800,000-47,700,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is estimated to be declining overall following a dramatic decline in the west and north-east of its breeding range from 1970 to 1990 at least (Harris and Franklin 2000). However in Europe, trends between 1980 and 2013 show that the population is stable (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Afghanistan extant native yes
Albania extant native yes
Algeria extant vagrant
Andorra extant native yes
Angola extant native
Armenia extant native yes
Austria extant native yes
Azerbaijan extant native yes
Bahrain extant native yes
Belarus extant native yes
Belgium extant native yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina extant native yes
Botswana extant native
Bulgaria extant native yes yes
Burundi extant native
Cameroon extant vagrant
Central African Republic extant vagrant
Chad extant native
China (mainland) extant vagrant
Congo extant vagrant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the extant native
Croatia extant native yes
Cyprus extant native yes yes
Czechia extant native yes
Denmark extant native yes yes
Djibouti extant native
Egypt extant native
Eritrea extant native
Estonia extant native yes
Eswatini extant native
Ethiopia extant native
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) extant vagrant
Finland extant native yes yes
France extant native yes yes
Gabon extant native
Gambia extant vagrant
Georgia extant native yes
Germany extant native yes
Gibraltar (to UK) extant vagrant
Greece extant native yes yes
Hungary extant native yes
Iceland extant vagrant
India extant native
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes yes
Iraq extant native yes
Ireland extant vagrant
Israel extant native yes
Italy extant native yes yes
Jordan extant native yes
Kazakhstan extant native yes
Kenya extant native
Kuwait extant native yes
Latvia extant native yes
Lebanon extant native yes yes
Lesotho extant native
Libya extant native
Liechtenstein extant native yes
Lithuania extant native yes
Luxembourg extant native yes
Malawi extant native
Mali extant native
Malta extant native
Mauritania extant native
Moldova extant native yes
Mongolia extant native yes
Montenegro extant native yes
Morocco extant vagrant
Mozambique extant native
Namibia extant native
Netherlands extant native yes
Nigeria extant vagrant
North Macedonia extant native yes
Norway extant native yes
Oman extant native yes
Pakistan extant native
Poland extant native yes
Portugal extant native yes
Qatar extant native yes
Romania extant native yes
Russia extant native yes
Russia (Central Asian) extant native yes
Russia (European) extant native yes
Rwanda extant native
Saudi Arabia extant native yes
Serbia extant native yes
Seychelles extant vagrant
Slovakia extant native yes
Slovenia extant native yes
Somalia extant native
South Africa extant native
South Sudan extant native yes
Spain extant native yes
Sudan extant native
Sweden extant native yes
Switzerland extant native yes
Syria extant native yes yes
Tajikistan extant native
Tanzania extant native
Tunisia extant vagrant
Türkiye extant native yes
Turkmenistan extant native yes
Uganda extant native
Ukraine extant native yes
United Arab Emirates extant native yes
United Kingdom extant native yes
Yemen extant native yes
Zambia extant native
Zimbabwe extant native

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest)
Portugal Gerês mountains
Belgium Côte Bajocienne
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel
Belgium Marche en Famenne
Belgium Lesse et Lomme
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse
Moldova Purcari - Etulia
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Russia (European) Buzulukski forest
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Forêt de Haguenau
France Massif des Vosges : crêtes de Schneeberg au Donon
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Montagne de la Serre
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Arjuzanx
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune
France Plateau Ardennais
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Bassigny
France Brenne centrale
France Brenne Sud
France Vallée du Régino
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux
France Gorges de la Dordogne
France Hautes Corbières
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Gorges du Rieutord-Fage-Cagnasses
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Val de Saône
France Forêt de Saou
France Plaine du Forez
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
Czechia Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains)
Czechia Pálava
Czechia Beskydy mountains
Czechia Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region)
Czechia Doupov hills
Denmark Gribskov Area
Denmark Frøslev Plantage and Frøslev Mose
Austria Western Waldviertel
Germany Erzgebirgskamm near Satzung
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Vesser valley Biosphere Reserve
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Eastern Erzgebirge around Fürstenau
Germany Sächsische Schweiz National Park
Germany Bliesgau
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Werderland
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Medebacher Bucht
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Duvenstedter Brook
Germany Rhine flats Sasbach - Wittenweier
Germany Orchards and vineyards between Waldhausen and Geradstetten
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Estonia Lahemaa
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Ponor
Sweden Lake Solgen
Sweden Kullaberg
Sweden Sjöängen – Svartån
Slovakia Laborecká upland
Slovakia Medzibodrožie
Slovakia Volovské hills
Slovakia Slanské hills
Italy Lake Bracciano and Tolfa hills
Italy Sibillini mountains
Italy Rieti mountains
Italy Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains
Germany Upper and middle reaches of river Krückau with tributaries
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Lucie and Landwehr
Germany Vorderer Steigerwald - Windsheimer Bucht - Steigerwald-Vorland
Germany Orchards at the lower Main
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany South-eastern Alb and Upper Danube valley
Germany Kaiserstuhl
Germany Farmlands Prignitz with Stepenitz valley (BB) and eastern Grabow (MV)
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Gohrischheide
Germany Military training area Hohenfels
Germany Central Black Forest
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Kellerwald
Germany Vogelsberg
Germany Hedges and orchards areas in the Lumda valley
Germany Hauberge near Haiger
Germany Oldenburger Graben and Wesseker See
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Selent-Plön fishponds
Germany Colblitz-Letzlinger Heide
Germany Werra meadows near Bad Salzungen
Germany Middle Elbe valley with Steckby-Lödderitz forest
Germany Drömling (Sachsen-Anhalt)
Germany Retzower Heide
Germany Oberwesterwald, incl. Westerwald lake area and Neunkhausener Plateau
Germany Middle and Lower Mosel
Germany Nahe valley
Germany Nordpfälzer Bergland and surroundings (Schalloden-bach to Bechenheim)
Germany Dahner Felsenland
Germany Pferdemosel und Kiesweiher (in Louxembourg: Haff Réimech)
Luxembourg Region of Junglinster
Luxembourg Region of Mompach, Manternach, Bech and Osweiler
Luxembourg Region of Schuttrange, Canach, Lenningen and Gostingen
Luxembourg Valley of the Attert
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Lithuania Agricultural land near the Kalvarija settlement
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Poland Pisz forest
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake
Croatia Lika Karst Fields
Croatia Mount Velebit
Croatia Lower Posavina
Croatia Ravni Kotari
Netherlands Bargerveen
Netherlands Drents-Friese Wold & Leggelderveld
Netherlands Heuvellanden Zuid-Limburg
Netherlands Veluwe
Netherlands Drentsche Aa-gebied
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Gornji Visok and Vidlic
Serbia Pester
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Timocko pobrdje

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 3200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - non-trivial recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Lanius collurio. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/red-backed-shrike-lanius-collurio on 25/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 25/02/2024.