Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 18,900,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 15,700,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 24000000-47999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 7,440,000-14,300,000 pairs, which equates to 14,900,000-28,600,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.60% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 24,800,000-47,700,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is estimated to be declining overall following a dramatic decline in the west and north-east of its breeding range from 1970 to 1990 at least (Harris and Franklin 2000). However in Europe, trends between 1980 and 2013 show that the population is stable (EBCC 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria V Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burundi N Extant
Cameroon V Extant
Central African Republic V Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) V Extant
Congo V Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Czech Republic N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant
Gambia V Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Lesotho N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco V Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Nigeria V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Swaziland N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Tunisia V Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Austria Western Waldviertel
Belgium Côte Bajocienne
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel
Belgium Lesse et Lomme
Belgium Marche en Famenne
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Croatia Lika Karst Fields
Croatia Lower Posavina
Croatia Mount Velebit
Croatia Ravni Kotari
Czech Republic Beskydy mountains
Czech Republic Doupov hills
Czech Republic Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region)
Czech Republic Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains)
Czech Republic Pálava
Czech Republic Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest)
Denmark Frøslev Plantage and Frøslev Mose
Denmark Gribskov Area
Estonia Lahemaa
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
France Arjuzanx
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Bassigny
France Brenne centrale
France Brenne Sud
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Forêt de Haguenau
France Forêt de Saou
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Gorges de la Dordogne
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants
France Gorges du Rieutord-Fage-Cagnasses
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Hautes Corbières
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Massif des Vosges : crêtes de Schneeberg au Donon
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes
France Montagne de la Serre
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Plaine du Forez
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Plateau Ardennais
France Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Val de Saône
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Vallée du Régino
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Bliesgau
Germany Central Black Forest
Germany Colblitz-Letzlinger Heide
Germany Dahner Felsenland
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Drömling (Sachsen-Anhalt)
Germany Duvenstedter Brook
Germany Eastern Erzgebirge around Fürstenau
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Erzgebirgskamm near Satzung
Germany Farmlands Prignitz with Stepenitz valley (BB) and eastern Grabow (MV)
Germany Gohrischheide
Germany Hauberge near Haiger
Germany Hedges and orchards areas in the Lumda valley
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Kaiserstuhl
Germany Kellerwald
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Lucie and Landwehr
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Medebacher Bucht
Germany Middle and Lower Mosel
Germany Middle Elbe valley with Steckby-Lödderitz forest
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany Military training area Hohenfels
Germany Nahe valley
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Nordpfälzer Bergland and surroundings (Schalloden-bach to Bechenheim)
Germany Oberwesterwald, incl. Westerwald lake area and Neunkhausener Plateau
Germany Oldenburger Graben and Wesseker See
Germany Orchards and vineyards between Waldhausen and Geradstetten
Germany Orchards at the lower Main
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Germany Pferdemosel und Kiesweiher (in Louxembourg: Haff Réimech)
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Retzower Heide
Germany Rhine flats Sasbach - Wittenweier
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Sächsische Schweiz National Park
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Selent-Plön fishponds
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany South-eastern Alb and Upper Danube valley
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Upper and middle reaches of river Krückau with tributaries
Germany Vesser valley Biosphere Reserve
Germany Vogelsberg
Germany Vorderer Steigerwald - Windsheimer Bucht - Steigerwald-Vorland
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Werderland
Germany Werra meadows near Bad Salzungen
Greece Antikhassia mountains and Meteora
Greece Filiouri river valley and east Rodopi mountains
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains
Italy Lake Bracciano and Tolfa hills
Italy Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains
Italy Rieti mountains
Italy Sibillini mountains
Lithuania Agricultural land near the Kalvarija settlement
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Luxembourg Region of Junglinster
Luxembourg Region of Mompach, Manternach, Bech and Osweiler
Luxembourg Region of Schuttrange, Canach, Lenningen and Gostingen
Luxembourg Valley of the Attert
Moldova Purcari - Etulia
Netherlands Bargerveen
Netherlands Duinen Ameland
Netherlands Duinen Schiermonnikoog
Netherlands Duinen Terschelling
Netherlands Veluwe
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Portugal Gerês mountains
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains
Russia (European) Buzulukski forest
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Laborecka upland
Slovakia Medzibodrozie
Slovakia Slanské hills
Slovakia Volovské hills
Sweden Kullaberg
Sweden Sjöängen – Svartån

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 3200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Lanius collurio. Downloaded from on 21/08/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/08/2019.