Razorbill Alca torda


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Furness, R.W., Wade, H.M., Robbins, A.M.C. and Masden, E.A. 2012. Assessing the sensitivity of seabird populations to adverse effects from tidal stream turbines and wave energy devices. ICES Journal of Marine Science 69(8): 1466-1479.

Gardarsson, A. 1995. Number and distribution of Common Murre Uria aalge, Thick-billed Murre U. lomvia and Razorbill Alca torda in Iceland. Bliki 16: 47-65.

Gardarsson, A., Gudmundsson, G.A. and Lilliendahl, K. in press. The numbers of large auks on the cliffs of Iceland in 2006-2008. Bliki 33 (in press).

Gaston, A.J. and Woo, K. 2008. Razorbills (Alca Torda) follow subarctic Prey into the Canadian Arctic: Colonization Results from Climate Change? The Auk 125(4): 939-942.

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Huettman, F., Diamond, A.W., Dalzell, B. and Macintosh, K. 2005. Winter distribution, ecology and movements of razorbills Alca torda and other auks in the outer Bay of Fundy, eastern Canada. Marine Ornithology 33: 161-171.

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Nettleship, D.N. 1996. Razorbill (Alca torda). In: J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D.A. Christie, and E. de Juana (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Nettleship, D.N.; Sharpe, C.J.; Boesman, P.; Garcia, E.F.J. 2018. Razorbill (Alca torda). Barcelona. Available at: https://www.hbw.com/node/54062.

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Underwood, L.A. and Stowe, T.J. 1984. Massive wreck of seabirds in eastern Britain, 1983. Bird Study 31(2): 79-88.

Vanermen, N., Onkelinx, T., Courtens, W., Verstraete, H., and Stienen, E.W. 2014. Seabird avoidance and attraction at an offshore wind farm in the Belgian part of the North Sea. Hydrobiologia: 1-11.

Wanless, S., Harris, M.P., Redman, P. and Speakman, J.R. 2005. Low energy values of fish as a probable cause of a major seabird breeding failure in the North Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 294: 1-8.

Zydelis, R.; Bellebaum, J.; Österblom, H.; Vetemaa, M.; Schirmeister, B.; Stipniece, A.; Dagys, M.; van Eerden, M.; Garthe, S. 2009. Bycatch in gillnet fisheries - an overlooked threat to waterbird populations. Biological Conservation 142: 1269-1281.

Žydelis, R.; Small, C.; French, G. 2013. The incidental catch of seabirds in gillnet fisheries: A global review. Biological Conservation 162: 76-88.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Alca torda. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/08/2020.