Prunella ocularis (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously split as P. ocularis and P. fagani following AERC TAC (2003); Cramp et al. (1977-1994); Dowsett & Forbes-Watson (1993); Sibley & Monroe (1990, 1993).
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Red List criteria met
Red List history
IUCN Red List criteria met and history
||not a migrant
||does not normally occur in forest
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 11,100-33,200 pairs, which equates to 22,100-66,500 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.55% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 40,200-120,900 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. The European population trend is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).
Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Prunella ocularis. Downloaded from
http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/raddes-accentor-prunella-ocularis on 09/12/2023.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from
http://datazone.birdlife.org on 09/12/2023.