Justification of Red List Category
Perhaps greatly overlooked, but almost certainly genuinely scarce, this tiny parrot is restricted to lowland forest so must undoubtedly be declining at least moderately rapidly owing to habitat loss and degradation. It is therefore classified as Near Threatened.
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as uncommon to rare (del Hoyo et al. 1997).
There are no data on population trends, but the species is suspected to be declining at a moderately rapid rate, owing to habitat degradation.
Loriculus exilis is restricted to Sulawesi, Indonesia, where although it is clearly inconspicuous and easily overlooked, records are so few that it is characterised as generally very uncommon and local (BirdLife International 2001).
It inhabits primary lowland and hill forest and mangroves up to 1,200 m.
It is apparently nomadic, so that the extensive forest destruction within its elevation range in recent decades may have caused a decline in its population. There was, at least formerly, limited trapping for the bird trade.
Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II.
Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Mahood, S., Taylor, J.
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Loriculus exilis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/09/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/09/2019.