Pygmy Hanging-parrot Loriculus exilis


Berryman, A. J. & Eaton, J. A. 2020. The avifauna of the Mekongga Mountains, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia, and notes on a vocally distinct Locustella grasshopper warbler. BirdingASIA 33: 27-35.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened Birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Collar, N., Kirwan, G. M., and Boesman, P. F. D. 2020. Pygmy Hanging-Parrot (Loriculus exilis), version 1.0. In: J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana (eds), Birds of the World, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1997. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Martin, T. E., Blackburn, G. A., Kelly, D. J., Heriyadi, D. & Singer, H. 2012. The avifauna of the Lambusango Forest Reserve, Buton Island, South-East Sulawesi (with additional sightings from Southern Buton). Forktail 28: 107-112.

O’Connell, D.P.; Ó Marcaigh, F.; O’Neill, A.; Griffin, R.; Karya, A.; Analuddin, K.; Kelly, D.J.; and Marples, N.M. In press. The avifauna of Muna and Wawonii Island, with additional records from mainland South-east Sulawesi, Indonesia. Forktail.

O’Connell, D.P.; Sealy, S.; Ó Marcaigh, F;. Karya, A.; Bahrun, A.; Analuddin, K.; Kelly, D.J.; and Marples, N.M. 2017. The avifauna of Kabaena Island, south-east Sulawesi, Indonesia. Forktail 33: 14-19.

Further resources

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Loriculus exilis. Downloaded from on 27/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 27/09/2023.