Purple Starling Lamprotornis purpureus


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 6,320,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common and often abundant (Feare and Craig 1998).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Benin N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Gambia N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Guinea-Bissau N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Mauritania V Extant Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Togo N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Benin Lake Nokoué
Benin Ouémé river basin
Benin Pendjari National Park
Benin W du Bénin National Park
Burkina Faso Arli - W - Singou complex
Burkina Faso Bérégadougou hill
Burkina Faso Diéfoula - Logoniégué forest
Burkina Faso Kaboré Tambi - Nazinga - Sissili complex
Burkina Faso Lake Kompienga
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou forest
Cameroon Bénoué National Park
Cameroon Faro National Park
Cameroon Gashiga - Demsa
Cameroon Kalamaloué National Park
Cameroon Lake Maga
Cameroon Logone flood-plain
Cameroon Mayo-Louti Forest Reserve
Cameroon Ngaoundaba Ranch
Cameroon Waza National Park
Central African Republic André Félix National Park complex
Central African Republic Bamingui-Bangoran National Park complex
Central African Republic Bozoum
Central African Republic Manovo - Gounda - St Floris National Park complex
Chad Manda National Park
Chad Zakouma National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Garamba National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Comoe National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Lamto Ecological Research Station
Gambia Kiang West National Park
Gambia Prufu - Darsilami area
Ghana Digya National Park
Ghana Gbele Resource Reserve
Ghana Mole National Park
Ghana Shai Hills Resource Reserve
Guinea Badiar
Guinea Chutes de la Sala
Guinea Mafou
Guinea-Bissau Cantanhez forests
Guinea-Bissau Dulombi
Guinea-Bissau Lagoas de Cufada
Guinea-Bissau Rio Cacheu
Guinea-Bissau Rio Mansôa and Gêba estuary
Kenya Busia grasslands
Kenya Mount Elgon (Kenya)
Mali Boucle du Baoulé
Mali Falaise de Bandiagara
Niger 'W' National Park
Niger Makalondi district
Nigeria Amurum woodlands (Taboru)
Nigeria Assop Falls and hills
Nigeria Chad Basin National Park: Chingurmi - Duguma Sector
Nigeria Falgore and Lame Burra Game Reserves
Nigeria Gashaka-Gumti National Park
Nigeria Hadejia-Nguru wetlands
Nigeria Kagoro - Nindam Forest Reserves and vicinity
Nigeria Kainji Lake National Park
Nigeria Kamuku National Park
Nigeria Lower Kaduna - Middle Niger flood-plain
Nigeria Pandam Wildlife Park
Nigeria Sunvit Farm
Nigeria Yankari Game Reserve
Senegal Delta du Saloum
Senegal Ferlo North
Senegal Ferlo South
Senegal La Petite Côte
Senegal Parc National du Niokolo-Koba
South Sudan Ashana
South Sudan Bandingilo
South Sudan Imatong mountains
South Sudan Juba
South Sudan Nimule
South Sudan Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system)
Sudan Jebel Marra
Togo Kéran National Park
Togo Oti Valley Faunal Reserve
Uganda Ajai Wildlife Reserve
Uganda Budongo Forest Reserve
Uganda Mount Elgon National Park
Uganda Mount Kei Forest Reserve
Uganda Mount Otzi Forest Reserve
Uganda Murchison Falls National Park
Uganda Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George
Uganda Semliki reserves

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Savanna Dry major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Lamprotornis purpureus. Downloaded from on 21/02/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/02/2020.