NT
Puna Flamingo Phoenicoparrus jamesi



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened A3cd
2014 Near Threatened A3cd
2012 Near Threatened A2cd
2008 Near Threatened A2c,d
2006 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 604,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 886,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals good estimated 2010
Population trend Stable poor estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 25-29 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation 100 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 16 - - -

Population justification: The population is estimated to number 106,000 individuals based on coordinated census in 2010 (Marconi et al. 2011).

Trend justification: Trends since the 1990s have been positive, indicating the start of a recovery, and census data suggest that the population may have stabilised (Marconi et al. 2011). Despite this, it is suspected that the population will undergo a moderately rapid decline over the next three generations owing mainly to habitat loss and degradation.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Extant Yes
Bolivia N Extant Yes
Chile N Extant Yes
Peru N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Bolivia Lago Poopó y Río Laka Jahuira
Bolivia Lagunas de Agua Dulce del Sureste de Potosí
Bolivia Lagunas Salinas del Suroeste de Potosí
Bolivia Parque Nacional Sajama
Bolivia Reserva Biológica Cordillera de Sama
Peru Covire
Peru Río Tambo y Lagunas de Mejía
Bolivia Lago Titicaca (Sector Boliviano)
Peru Lago Parinacochas
Peru Reserva Nacional Salinas y Aguada Blanca
Argentina Laguna Los Enamorados
Argentina Laguna Guayatayoc
Argentina Lagunillas
Argentina Monumento Natural Laguna de Los Pozuelos
Argentina Lagunas Runtuyoc - Los Enamorados
Argentina Sistema de lagunas de Vilama-Pululos
Argentina Reserva Provincial y de la Biosfera Laguna Blanca
Argentina Salar del Hombre Muerto
Argentina Laguna Grande
Argentina Laguna La Alumbrera
Argentina Laguna Purulla
Argentina Laguna El Peinado
Argentina Sistema de Lagunas Los Aparejos, Azul y Negra
Argentina Laguna Azul
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna Mar Chiquita
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna Brava
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna de Llancanelo
Chile Reserva Nacional Los Flamencos - Soncor
Chile Monumento Natural Salar de Surire
Chile Salar de Pujsa
Chile Parque Nacional Lauca
Chile Parque Nacional Volcán Isluga
Chile Salar de Tara
Chile Salar de Piedra Parada
Chile Laguna del Negro Francisco y Laguna Santa Rosa
Chile Parque Nacional Salar de Huasco

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites major breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major non-breeding
Altitude 3500 - 4700 m Occasional altitudinal limits (min) 2300 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Other impacts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species disturbance

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Phoenicoparrus jamesi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2021.