LC
Puerto Rican Mango Anthracothorax aurulentus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Anthracothorax dominicus and A. aurulentus (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) were previously lumped as A. dominicus following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 6 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 30,200 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing inferred -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'common' (Stotz et al. 1996, Raffaele et al. 1998) and 'generally common on coastal areas with scattered trees' (del Hoyo et al. 1999).

Trend justification: It is common on Puerto Rico, which holds the majority of the population, but has become increasingly rare on the Virgin Islands where it is probably extinct on St John and Anegada, and perhaps also on Vieques, apparently as a result of competition from Eulampis holosericeus (Raffaele et al. 1998, del Hoyo et al. 1999). The total population is therefore inferred to be undergoing a slow decline.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Puerto Rico (to USA) Sierra Bermeja and Laguna Cartagena
Puerto Rico (to USA) Mona and Monito
Puerto Rico (to USA) Suroeste
Puerto Rico (to USA) Maricao and Susúa
Puerto Rico (to USA) Cordillera Central
Puerto Rico (to USA) Ceiba and Naguabo
Puerto Rico (to USA) Caño Tiburones
Puerto Rico (to USA) El Yunque
Puerto Rico (to USA) Acantilados del Noroeste
Puerto Rico (to USA) Salinas de Punta Cucharas
Puerto Rico (to USA) Karso del Norte
Puerto Rico (to USA) Karso del Sur
Puerto Rico (to USA) Carite
Virgin Islands (to UK) Anegada: Western salt ponds and coastal areas
Puerto Rico (to USA) Este Central
Puerto Rico (to USA) Humacao
Puerto Rico (to USA) Jobos Bay
Puerto Rico (to USA) Guaniquilla and Boquerón
Puerto Rico (to USA) Cienaga Las Cucharillas

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Anthracothorax aurulentus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/10/2020.