Justification of Red List Category
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
The global population is estimated to number 2,100,000 mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2019).
The species is undergoing a moderate decline (Partners in Flight 2019; Rosenberg et al. 2019). Short-term records suggest that the population has been declining at a rate of 11% over the past ten years, though this value is non-significant (Pardieck et al. 2018).
Text account compilers
Butchart, S., Ekstrom, J. & Miller, E.
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Protonotaria citrea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/05/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/05/2022.