LC
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 14 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,660,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 9,330,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2100000 poor estimated 2019
Population trend Decreasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number 2,100,000 mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2019).

Trend justification: The species is undergoing a moderate decline (Partners in Flight 2019; Rosenberg et al. 2019). Short-term records suggest that the population has been declining at a rate of 11% over the past ten years, though this value is non-significant (Pardieck et al. 2018).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant Yes
Antigua and Barbuda V Extant
Aruba (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Bahamas N Extant Yes
Barbados N Extant Yes
Belize N Extant Yes
Canada N Extant Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Colombia N Extant Yes
Costa Rica N Extant Yes Yes
Cuba N Extant Yes
Dominica N Extant Yes
Dominican Republic N Extant Yes
Ecuador N Extant Yes
El Salvador V Extant
French Polynesia V Extant
Grenada N Extant Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Guyana N Extant Yes
Haiti N Extant Yes
Honduras N Extant Yes
Jamaica N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) V Extant
Nicaragua N Extant Yes Yes
Panama N Extant Yes Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant Yes
St Barthelemy (to France) N Extant Yes
St Kitts and Nevis V Extant
St Lucia V Extant
St Vincent and the Grenadines V Extant
Suriname N Extant Yes
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Venezuela N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Jamaica Yallahs
Canada Long Point Peninsula and Marshes
Canada Dundas Valley and Dundas Marsh
Canada Point Pelee
Canada Greater Rondeau Area
Canada Norfolk Forest Complex
Canada Eastern Lake St. Clair
Canada Pelee Island Natural Areas
Canada Wye Marsh
Canada Port Franks Forested Dunes
Canada Holiday Beach / Big Creek CA
Bahamas San Andros Pond
St Lucia Iyanola and Grande Anses, Esperance and Fond D'ors
Bahamas Cat Island Wetlands
Puerto Rico (to USA) Vieques

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Swamp suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Altitude 0 - 1300 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Protonotaria citrea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/05/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/05/2022.