NT
Protea Canary Crithagra leucoptera



References

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

Clement, P.; Sharpe. C. J. 2017. Protea Canary (Crithagra leucoptera). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (ed.), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, pp. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/61324 on 15 August 2017). Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Huntley, B. and Barnard, P. 2012. Potential impacts of climatic change on southern African birds of fynbos and grassland biodiversity hotspots. Diversity and Distributions 18: 769-781.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Lee, A. T. K.; Barnard, P. 2014. Aspects of the ecology and morphology of the protea seedeater, Crithagra leucopterus, a little-known Fynbos endemic. African Zoology 49(2): 295-300.

Lee, A. T. K.; Barnard, P. 2016. Endemic birds of the Fynbos biome: a conservation assessment and impacts of climate change. Bird Conservation International 26: 52-68.

Lee, A.; Barnard, P.; Altwegg, R. 2017. Estimating conservation metrics from atlas data: the case of southern African endemic birds. Bird Conservation International 27(3): 323-336.

Taylor. M. R.; Peacock, F.; Wanless, R. M. 2015. The 2015 Eskom Red Data Book of Birds of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Turpie, J.K., Marais, C. and Blignaut, J.N. 2008. The working for water programme: Evolution of a payments for ecosystem services mechanism that addresses both poverty and ecosystem service delivery in South Africa. Ecological Economics 65(4): 788-798.

van Wilgen, N. J.; Goodall, V.; Holness, S.; Chown, S. L.; McGeoch, M. A. 2016. Rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns in South Africa's national parks. International Journal of Climatology 36: 706-721.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Crithagra leucoptera. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/12/2022.