Crithagra leucoptera (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously placed in the genus Serinus and listed as S. leucopterus following Dowsett & Forbes-Watson (1993); Sibley & Monroe (1990, 1993).
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
|2000||Lower Risk/Least Concern|
|1994||Lower Risk/Near Threatened|
|Migratory status||not a migrant||Forest dependency||Low|
|Land mass type||Average mass||-|
|Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2)||136,000||medium|
|Number of locations||-|
|Estimate||Data quality||Derivation||Year of estimate|
|No. of mature individuals||250000-600000||medium||estimated||2015|
|Decline (3 years/1 generation past)||-||-||-|
|Decline (5 years/1 generation past)||-||-||-|
|Decline (10 years/1 generation past)||-||-||-|
|Decline (10 years/3 generation future)||25-29||-||-||-|
|Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future)||25-29||-||-||-|
|Number of subpopulations||-||-||-|
|Generation length (yrs)||3.8||-||-||-|
Population justification: Lee and Barnard (2015) estimate the population at 395,257-831,202 individuals. This roughly equates to 263,500-554,130 mature individuals, placed here in the range 250,000-600,000 mature individuals.
Trend justification: The species is thought to be undergoing a moderately rapid decline, as implied by range and reporting rate reductions between Southern African Bird Atlas Projects (SABAP). Lee and Barnard (2015) place the range and reporting rate reduction between SABAPs (SABAP1 1987-1992; SABAP2 2007-ongoing) as 32%, though Lee et al. (2017) place the range decline at 24%. The time between SABAPs is also greater than the 3 generation period for this species (11.4 years), and it has also been suggested that the species may be under-reported in SABAPs (see Taylor et al. 2015). Therefore, the rate of decline is assessed as being <30% over 3 generations, but it is suspected to approach this rate. Given that climate change may be having a particular impact on this species, this decline is suspected to continue into the future.
|South Africa||Anysberg Nature Reserve|
|South Africa||Boland Mountains|
|South Africa||Cedarberg - Koue Bokkeveld complex|
|South Africa||Kouga - Baviaanskloof Complex|
|South Africa||Langeberg Mountains|
|South Africa||Outeniqua mountains|
|South Africa||Swartberg mountains|
|Habitat (level 1)||Habitat (level 2)||Importance||Occurrence|
|Shrubland||Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation||major||resident|
|Altitude||Occasional altitudinal limits|
|Threat (level 1)||Threat (level 2)||Impact and Stresses|
|Agriculture & aquaculture||Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming||Timing||Scope||Severity||Impact|
|Ongoing||Minority (<50%)||Negligible declines||Low Impact: 4|
|Climate change & severe weather||Habitat shifting & alteration||Timing||Scope||Severity||Impact|
|Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases||Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Unspecified species||Timing||Scope||Severity||Impact|
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Crithagra leucoptera. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/02/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/02/2020.