Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 68 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,780,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common on many islands (Feare and Craig 1998).

Trend justification: The very few records of this species mean it is not possible to detect a population trend.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
American Samoa N Extant Yes
Fiji N Extant Yes
Niue (to New Zealand) N Extant Yes
Samoa N Extant Yes
Solomon Islands N Extant Yes
Tonga N Extant Yes
Wallis and Futuna Islands (to France) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
American Samoa National Park of American Samoa - Ta'u
American Samoa National Park of American Samoa - Tutuila
Fiji East Kadavu
Fiji Gau Highlands
Fiji Greater Tomaniivi
Fiji Koroyanitu / Vaturu
Fiji Nabukelevu
Fiji Natewa/Tunuloa Peninsula
Fiji Ogea
Fiji Rairaimatuku Highlands
Fiji Rotuma
Fiji Sovi Basin
Fiji Taveuni Highlands
Fiji Viti Levu Southern Highlands
Fiji Wailevu/Dreketi Highlands
Niue (to New Zealand) Huvalu and environs
Samoa Aleipata Marine Protected Area
Samoa Apia Catchments
Samoa Central Savaii Rainforest
Samoa Eastern Upolu Craters
Samoa O Le Pupu-Pu'e National Park
Samoa Uafato-Tiavea Forest
Tonga 'Ata Island
Tonga Fonualei
Tonga Hunga Ha'apai, Hunga Tonga Islands
Tonga Late
Tonga Niuafo'ou
Tonga Tofua and Kao
Wallis and Futuna Islands (to France) Alofi

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Aplonis tabuensis. Downloaded from on 13/12/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 13/12/2019.