Pohnpei Kingfisher Todiramphus reichenbachii


Taxonomic note

Todiramphus cinnamominus, T. pelewensis and T. reichenbachii (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) were previously lumped as T. cinnamominus following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - D2

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2017 Vulnerable D2
2016 Vulnerable D2
2014 Vulnerable D2
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 58 g

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 430
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 10000-19999 good estimated 2014
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 11.8 - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation 100 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.8 - - -

Population justification: Spatially explicit habitat models linked to density functions from surveys in 2012 predicted a population size of 17,375 birds (Oleiro and Kessler 2014). This roughly equates to 11,583 mature individuals, and thus the population size is placed in the range 10,000-19,999 mature individuals.

Trend justification: Surveys in 2014 suggested a mean change in detection rates of -73% and -16% compared to previous surveys in 1983 (Engbring et al. 1990) and 1994 (Buden 2000) respectively. The Engbring et al. (1990) surveys often appear to over-estimate numbers, so the population change is estimated at 16% decline over 20 years or 11.8% over three generations (14.4 years), which is precautionarily assumed to be ongoing.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Micronesia, Federated States of N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Micronesia, Federated States of Pohnpei Watershed Forest Reserve
Micronesia, Federated States of Enipein Watershed
Micronesia, Federated States of Southeast Pohnpei / Nan Madol
Micronesia, Federated States of Pilapen Kepin River Watershed
Micronesia, Federated States of Salapwuk

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Boiga irregularis Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Very Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Todiramphus reichenbachii. Downloaded from on 26/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/06/2022.