LC
Plain Chachalaca Ortalis vetula



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,550,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2000000 poor inferred 2019
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.9 - - -

Population justification: The global population is inferred to number 2,000,000 mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2019).

Trend justification: The population trend has not been quantified directly. The species seems to adapt well to habitat alterations and does not appear to be negatively affected by high hunting pressure (Peterson 2020); therefore, in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats, the population is assessed as being stable.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Belize N Extant Yes
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Honduras N Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Guatemala Maya - Lacandón
Guatemala Rio La Pasion
Guatemala Chiquibul
Guatemala Cuilco
Guatemala Cerro El Amay
Guatemala Sacranix
Guatemala Lachuá - Ik'bolay
Guatemala Candelaria - Campur
Guatemala Guatemalan Caribbean Slope
Guatemala Yalijux
Guatemala Sierra de las Minas - Motagua
Costa Rica Nicoya Peninsula
Nicaragua Apante Hill
Nicaragua Arenal Hill
Nicaragua Silva Hill
Nicaragua Chocoyero - El Brujo - Montibelli and adjacent landscape
Nicaragua Momotombo Volcanic Complex
Nicaragua San Cristóbal-Casita-Chonco Volcanic Complex
Nicaragua Domitila
Nicaragua Juan Venado Island
Nicaragua Tisma Lagoon
Nicaragua Peñas Blancas Massif
Nicaragua Quirragua Mountains and adjacent landscape
Nicaragua Cosiguina Volcano
Nicaragua Maderas Volcano
Nicaragua Dipilto-Jalapa Mountain Range
Nicaragua Miraflor
Nicaragua Bosawas
Belize Belize Off-shore and Barrier Islands
Belize Rio Bravo CMA Gallon Jug Estate
Belize Northeastern Belize
Belize Crooked Tree and associated wetlands
Belize Maya Mountains and southern reserves
Belize Belize Coastal and near shore islands
Guatemala Cuchumatanes
Honduras Pico Bonito
Honduras Güisayote
Honduras Celaque
Honduras Sierra de Omao - Cusuco
Honduras La Tigra
Honduras Comayagua
Honduras Cerro Azul Meambar
Honduras Montaña de Yoro
Honduras Sierra de Agalta
Honduras La Muralla and surrounding area
Honduras Islas de la Bahía y Cayos Cochinos
Honduras Jeanette Kawas
Honduras Cuero y Salado
Honduras Valle de Agalta

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist major resident
Altitude 0 - 1850 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Ortalis vetula. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/12/2022.