Pinyon Jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus


Balda, R. P. 2002. Pinyon Jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus. In: Poole, A.; Gill, F. (ed.), The birds of North America, No. 605, pp. 1-32. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia and the American Ornithologists' Union, Philadelphia and Washington, DC.

Benford, R. 2008. Molecular and evolutionary ecology of the Pinyon Jay. Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Şekercioğlu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261.

Boone, J. D.; Ammon, E.; Johnson, K. 2018. Long-term declines in the Pinyon Jay and management implications for piñon-juniper woodlands. Trends and traditions: avifaunal change in western North America. Studies of Western Birds, 3(190-197).

Chávez, M. A. Q.; Cruz, R. A. S.; Fernández, J. A.; Martínez, G. Q.; Moreno-Contreras, I. 2018. Distribution of Pinyon Jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus in Chihuahua, Mexico: new records and environmental characterisation. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 138(1): 30-40.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Johnson, K.; Darr, M.; Rustay, C. 2020. Pinyon Jay (Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus) species account. In: Rustay, C.; Norris, S.; Darr, M. (ed.), New Mexico Bird Conservation Plan, Version 2.2., New Mexico Avian Conservation Partners, Albuquerque, NM, U.S.A.

Johnson, K.; Neville, T. B.; Smith, J. W.; Horner, M. W. 2016. Home range- and colony-scale habitat models for Pinyon Jays in piñonjuniper woodlands of New Mexico, USA. Avian Conservation and Ecology 11(2): 6.

Johnson, K.; Petersen, N.; Smith, J.; Sadoti, G. 2018. Additional management actions also pose a potential threat to Pinyon Jays, particularly heavy woodland thinning. Global Ecology and Conservation 16: 1-7.

Kleist, N. J.; Guralnick,R. P.; Cruz, A.; Lowry, C. A.; Francis, C. D. 2018. Chronic anthropogenic noise disrupts glucocorticoid signaling and has multiple effects on fitness in an avian community. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 115: E648-£657.

Madge, S.; Burn, H. 1993. Crows and jays: a guide to the crows, jays and magpies of the world. Helm Information, Robertsbridge, U.K.

Magee, P. A.; Coop, J. D.; Ivan, J. S. 2019. Thinning alters avian occupancy in piñon-juniper woodlands. Condor 121: 1-17.

Moreno-Contreras, I.; Mondaca, F.; Robles-Morales, J.; Jurado, M.; Cruz, J.; Alvidrez, A.; Robles-Carrillo, J. 2016. New distributional and temporal bird records from Chihuahua, Mexico. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 136(4): 272-286.

Partners in Flight. 2019. Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2019. Available at:

Rosenberg, K.V.; Kennedy, J.A.; Dettmers, R.; Ford, R.P.; Reynolds, D.; Alexander, J.D.; Beardmore, C.J.; Blancher, P.J.; Bogart, R.E.; Butcher, G.S.; Camfield, A.F.; Couturier, A.; Demarest, D.W.; Easton, W.E.; Giocomo, J.J.; Keller, R.H.; Mini, A.E.; Panjabi, A.O.; Pashley, D.N.; Rich, T.D.; Ruth, J.M.; Stabins, H.; Stanton, J.; Will, T. 2016. Partners in Flight Landbird Conservation Plan: 2016 Revision for Canada and Continental United States. Partners in Flight Science Committee.

Russell, S. M.; Monson, G. 1998. The birds of Sonora. University of Arizona Press, Arizona.

Sauer, J. R., Hines, J. E., Fallon, J. E., Pardieck, K. L., Ziolkowski, D. J. Jr., & Link, W. A. 2014. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966 - 2013. Version 01.30.2015. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD.

Sauer, J.R.; Niven, D.K.; Hines, J.E.; Ziolkowski Jr, D.J.; Pardieck, K.L.; Fallon, J.E.; Link, W.A. 2017. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966 - 2015. Version 12.23.2015. Laurel, MD

Tracewski, L.; Butchart, S.H.M.; Di Marco, M.; Ficetola, G.F.; Rondinini, C.; Symes, A.; Wheatley, H.; Beresford, A.E. and Buchanan, G.M. 2016. Toward quantification of the impact of 21st-century deforestation on the extinction risk of terrestrial vertebrates. Conservation Biology 30(5): 1070-1079.

Wiggins, D. A. 2005. Pinyon Jay (Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus): a technical conservation assessment. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus. Downloaded from on 05/10/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 05/10/2023.