LC
Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 16,500,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,110,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 400000-2499999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 23,700-107,000 pairs, which equates to 47,500-215,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.10% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 475,000-2,150,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population in China has been estimated at c.100-100,000 breeding pairs and c.50-10,000 individuals on migration (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. The European population is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria V Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland V Extant
France V Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) V Extant
Hungary V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant
Italy V Extant
Japan N Extant
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant
Luxembourg V Extant
Maldives N Extant
Malta V Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco V Extant
Nepal V Extant
Netherlands V Extant
North Korea V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Poland V Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa V Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
Sudan N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Azerbaijan Gobustan area
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Nestos gorge
Georgia Iori Region
Afghanistan Salang Kotal
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan
Russia (Central Asian) Cheka mountain
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Galata
Afghanistan Pech and Waygal valleys
Mongolia Darkhad Depression
Iran, Islamic Republic of Parvar Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khosh-Yeilagh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Sarani
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Emine
Ukraine Khersonesko-Fiolentske coastal zone
Turkmenistan Garashor
Kazakhstan Kenshektau Mountains
Kazakhstan Manyrak Mountains
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Beştepe - Mahmudia
Romania Dobrogei gorge
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Denis Tepe
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin)
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel
Romania Babadag wood
Romania Lake Siutghiol
Romania Lake Taşaul
Mongolia Khasagt Khairkhan Mountain
Kazakhstan Donyz-Tau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Upper Charyn

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Altitude 1200 - 3500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Oenanthe pleschanka. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/02/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/02/2023.