LC
Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency low
Land-mass type Average mass -
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 16,500,000 km2
Extent of Occurrence (non-breeding) 5,110,000 km2
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size 400000-2499999 mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend stable - suspected -
Generation length 4.1 years - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 23,700-107,000 pairs, which equates to 47,500-215,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.10% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 475,000-2,150,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population in China has been estimated at c.100-100,000 breeding pairs and c.50-10,000 individuals on migration (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. The European population is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Afghanistan extant native yes
Armenia extant native yes
Austria extant vagrant
Azerbaijan extant native yes
Bahrain extant native yes
Bulgaria extant native yes
Chad extant native
China (mainland) extant native
Cyprus extant native yes
Denmark extant vagrant
Djibouti extant native
Egypt extant native
Eritrea extant native
Ethiopia extant native
Finland extant vagrant
France extant vagrant
Georgia extant native yes
Germany extant vagrant
Greece extant native yes
Hong Kong (China) extant vagrant
Hungary extant vagrant
India extant native
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes yes
Iraq extant native yes
Ireland extant vagrant
Israel extant native
Italy extant vagrant
Japan extant native
Kazakhstan extant native yes
Kenya extant native
Kuwait extant native yes yes
Kyrgyzstan extant native yes
Lebanon extant native yes
Libya extant native
Luxembourg extant vagrant
Maldives extant native
Malta extant vagrant
Moldova extant native yes
Mongolia extant native yes
Montenegro extant native yes
Morocco extant vagrant
Nepal extant vagrant
Netherlands extant vagrant
North Korea extant vagrant
North Macedonia extant native yes
Norway extant vagrant
Oman extant native yes yes
Pakistan extant native
Poland extant vagrant
Qatar extant native yes
Romania extant native yes
Russia extant native yes
Russia (Asian) extant native yes
Russia (Central Asian) extant native yes
Russia (European) extant native yes
Saudi Arabia extant native yes yes
Serbia extant native yes
Somalia extant native
South Africa extant vagrant
South Korea extant native
South Sudan extant native yes
Sri Lanka extant native
Sudan extant native
Sweden extant vagrant
Syria extant native yes
Tajikistan extant native yes
Tanzania extant native
Türkiye extant native yes
Turkmenistan extant native yes
Uganda extant native
Ukraine extant native yes
United Arab Emirates extant native yes
United Kingdom extant vagrant
Uzbekistan extant native yes
Yemen extant native yes yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Mongolia Darkhad Depression
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Emine
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Beştepe - Mahmudia
Romania Dobrogei gorge
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Denis Tepe
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin)
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel
Romania Babadag wood
Romania Lake Siutghiol
Romania Lake Taşaul
Mongolia Khasagt Khairkhan Mountain

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Altitude 1200 - 3500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Oenanthe pleschanka. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/pied-wheatear-oenanthe-pleschanka on 02/03/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 02/03/2024.