LC
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 304 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 75,500,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 93,100,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 8.7 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.280,000-470,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 58,400-74,300 pairs, which equates to 117,000-149,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are increasing, stable, or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). In Europe the population size is estimated to be fluctuating (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Belarus N Extant
Belgium N Extant Yes Yes
Benin V Extant
Bhutan N Extant
Botswana N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi V Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Cape Verde V Extant
Central African Republic V Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the V Extant
Côte d'Ivoire V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Eswatini N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Israel N Extant Yes Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia V Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Lesotho N Extant
Liberia V Extant
Libya N Extant
Luxembourg V Extant
Madagascar V Extant
Malawi N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes Yes
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
Sudan N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Togo V Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan N Extinct Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant
Western Sahara N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Serbia Slano Kopovo
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir)
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Azerbaijan Yashma Island
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Estonia Käina bay
Estonia Hiiumaa islets
Estonia Lõu bay
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Portugal Castro Marim
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon)
Portugal Sado estuary
Portugal Tejo estuary
Portugal Ria de Aveiro
Romania Cârja - Maţa - Rădeanu - Roşcani
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Lake Strachina
Romania Lake Tataru
Belgium Kuifeend and Blokkersdijk
Belgium Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde
Belgium Krekengebied
Belgium Zwin
Turkey Marmara Lake
Turkey Gediz Delta
Turkey Büyük Menderes Delta
Turkey Acıgöl Lake
Turkey Sultan Marsh
Turkey Seyfe Lake
Turkey Samsam Lake
Turkey Kulu Lake
Turkey Ereğli Plain
Turkey Bolluk Lake
Turkey Tersakan Lake
Turkey Tuz Lake
Turkey Akyatan Lake
Turkey Yumurtalik lagoons
Turkey Erçek Lake
Moldova Congaz – Taraclia Lakes
Moldova Lower Prut River and Manta-Beleu Lake
Sweden Coastal area of Eastern Gotland
Sweden Getterön
Sweden Coastal area (including seaside meadows) of Eastern Öland
Sweden Ottenby
Sweden Falsterbo – Bay of Fote
Sweden Bay of Skälder
Sweden Lomma Bight
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Lundåkra Bight
Sweden Fjord of Båta
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Evros delta
Greece River Axios
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Alyki Angelochoriou lagoon (Megalou Emvolou)
Greece Epanomi lagoon
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Lake Pikrolimni
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalochori lagoon
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Strymonas estuary
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Lake Doïrani
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Netherlands Terschelling: De Boschplaat
Netherlands Duinen Ameland
Netherlands Balgzand
Netherlands Frisian Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Groningen Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Dollard
Netherlands Krammer-Volkerak
Netherlands Grevelingen
Netherlands Oosterschelde
Netherlands Zoommeer
Netherlands Markiezaat
Netherlands Workumerwaard
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Duinen Vlieland
Netherlands Duinen Schiermonnikoog
Netherlands Rottumerplaat
Netherlands Rottumeroog
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Netherlands Westplaat
Netherlands Duinen Goeree & Kwade Hoek
Netherlands Haringvliet
Netherlands Veerse Meer
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Netherlands Yerseke & Kapelse Moer
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Hungary Kis-Sárrét
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Hungary Hódmezővásárhely Pusztas
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Lake Fertő
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Hungary Sárvíz Valley
Hungary Heves Plain
Hungary Gerje-sik
Hungary Lake Fehér at Gátér
Russia (European) Adzhi Lake
Russia (European) Western Ilmen area
Russia (European) Eastern coast of the Sea of Azov
Russia (European) Kiziltash limans
Russia (European) Khanskoye Lake
Russia (European) Salt lakes in the Primorsko-Akhtarsk area
Russia (European) Lake Manych-Gudilo
Russia (European) Dadynskiye lakes
Spain Cádiz bay
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons
Spain Santa Pola salt-pans
Spain Ebro delta
Spain Pedro Muñoz-Manjavacas endorreic lagoons
Spain Tina Menor-Sarnosa island-Oyambre
Spain Santander Bay
Spain Mar Menor coastal lagoon
Spain Villafáfila
Spain Eo river estuary-Barayo beach-Ría de Foz
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata
Spain Middle section of river Guadalquivir reservoirs
Spain Fuente de Piedra, Gosque and Campillos lakes
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon
Spain Gallocanta lake
Spain El Hondo wetland
Spain Mata and Torrevieja lagoons
Spain Pétrola-Almansa-Yecla
Spain Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons
Spain El Hito
Spain Los Tollos lake
Spain Conde, Chinche and Honda lakes
Ukraine Tyligul's'kyj lyman
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Bilosarajs'ka peninsula
Ukraine Kryva peninsula
Ukraine Kazantip Cape, Aktash lake and Astanins'ka marsh
Ukraine Kuyal'nyts'kyj lyman
Ukraine Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system
Ukraine Molochnyj Liman
Ukraine Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays
Ukraine Jansheijs'ke lake
Ukraine Uzunlars'ke lake
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Kinburns'kyj peninsula
Ukraine Solonyj Lyman lake
Ukraine Lake near Magazinka village
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Domaine d'Orx
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Estuaire de l'Orne
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Baie de Vilaine
France Rade de Lorient
France Baie de Quiberon
France Baie de Goulven
France Etang de Biguglia
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Cap Gris-nez
France Camargue
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Bonne Anse
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Cordon lagunaire de Sète à Agde
France Etang de Thau
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Marais salants de Noirmoutier
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et Baie de Fontarabie
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Queue de Brenne : Etang des Loges, Grand et Petit Mez
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etang du Bagnas
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Basse vallée du Var
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême
France Marais et estuaire de la Seudre
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France La Dombes
United Kingdom Burry Inlet
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Deben Estuary
United Kingdom Exe Estuary
United Kingdom Hamford Water
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom Broadland
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary
United Kingdom Pagham Harbour
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Solent Marshes and Southampton Water
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries
United Kingdom Tamar Estuaries Complex
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Breydon Water
Italy Manfredonia Gulf wetlands
Italy Cervia saltpans
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano
Italy Venice lagoon
Italy Po Delta
Italy Lake Alviano
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona
Italy Ortazzo and Ortazzino
Italy Oristano wetlands
Italy Cagliari wetlands
Italy Stagnone di Marsala and Trapani saltpans
Italy Palmas Gulf wetlands
Italy Orbetello lagoon and Burano lake
Italy Tarquinia saltpans
Italy Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini
Italy San Pietro and Sant'Antioco islands
Italy Sentina
Albania Karavasta Lagoon
Albania Patoku lagoon
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Romania Bistreţ
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu)
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Denmark Skjern Å
Denmark Vestamager and adjacent sea area
Denmark Saltholm
Denmark Eastern part of Vejlerne
Denmark Roskilde Fjord, Selsø and Kattinge Søerne
Denmark Saltbæk Vig
Denmark Islands and coast between Skælskør Fjord and Glænø
Denmark Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord and Jungshoved Nor
Denmark Nakskov Fjord and Indrefjord
Denmark Islands in Smålandshavet, north of Lolland
Denmark Hyllekrog-Rødsand and Fehmarn Belt
Denmark Karrebæk, Dybsø and Avnø Fjords (coasts and islands)
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea)
Denmark Lillebælt
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord
Denmark Venø and Venø Sund
Denmark Harboøre Tange, Plet Enge & Gjeller Sø
Denmark Nissum Fjord
Denmark Glomstrup Vig, Agerø, Munkholm and Katholm Odde, Lindholm, and Rotholme
Denmark Parts of Randers and Mariager Fjords
Denmark South Læsø
Denmark Coast from Aggersund to Bygholm Vejle
Denmark Ulvedybet and Nibe Bredning
Denmark Ho Bugt meadows
Denmark Ribe Holme and meadows at Kongeåen
Denmark Mandø
Denmark Skallingen and Langli
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Denmark Nærå Coast and Æbelø area
Denmark Odense Fjord
Denmark Sydfynske Ø-hav
Denmark Horsens Fjord, Svanegrunden & Endelave
Denmark Stavnsfjord and adjacent waters
Denmark Dråby Vig and Buksør Odde
Denmark Mågerodde and Karby Odde
Denmark Agger Tange and Krik Vig
Denmark Sejerø Bay and Nekselø
Denmark Rømø
Denmark Fanø
Denmark Ballum og Husum Enge, Kamper strandenge
Denmark Hjarbæk Fjord
Serbia Becej fish-pond
Georgia Javakheti Plateau
Georgia Kolkheti
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Srednje Potamišje
Slovakia Senné
Slovakia Danube floodplains
Armenia Armash fish-farm
Denmark Nissum Bredning
Austria Austrian part of Hanság
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Isles of Oie and Kirr
Germany Westrügen - Hiddensee - Zingst
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany East- and south-east coast of Fehmarn
Germany Western and northern coast of Fehmarn: Krummsteert-Puttgarden
Germany Strand lakes and fish-ponds in south-western Fehmarn
Germany Western bay of the Fehmarnsund
Germany Grosser and Kleiner Binnensee
Germany Coastline of Probstei
Germany Schlei
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Main valley near Schweinfurt
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Hohwachter Bucht
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Rheiderland
Germany Ems valley between Leer and Emden
Germany Jadebusen, inland
Germany Krummhörn-Westermarsch
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Alluvion of the middle Horloff
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Halligen Oland, Langeneß, Nordstrandischmoor, Gröde und Hooge
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Montenegro Ulcinj saltpans
Botswana Makgadikgadi Pans
Algeria Sebkha d'Oran
Egypt El Malaha
Egypt Lake Manzala
Egypt Lake Burullus
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park
Ghana Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site
Ghana Songor Ramsar Site
Guinea Konkouré
Kenya Lake Elmenteita
Morocco Marais Larache
Morocco Merja Zerga
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli
Mauritania Chott Boul
Mauritania Diawling National Park
Namibia Walvis Bay
Namibia Sandwich Harbour
Senegal Djoudj wetlands
Senegal Guembeul Avifaunal Reserve and St Louis lagoons
Senegal Delta du Saloum
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia
Tunisia Salines de Thyna
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Mansour
Tanzania Lake Manyara
Tanzania Lake Eyasi
Tanzania Lake Kitangire
South Africa Spitskop Dam
South Africa Orange River Mouth Wetlands
South Africa Sandveld and Bloemhof Dam Nature Reserves
South Africa Lake St Lucia and Mkuze Swamps
South Africa Swartkops Estuary - Redhouse and Chatty Saltpans
South Africa Verlorenvlei Estuary
South Africa Berg River Estuary
South Africa West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands
South Africa Rietvlei Wetland: Table Bay Nature Reserve
South Africa False Bay Nature Reserve
Denmark Northwestern Kattegat
Denmark Smålandsfarvandet [DK130]
Italy Argentario, Laguna di Orbetello Lagoon e Lago di Burano
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands
Italy Sinis and Oristano wetlands
Israel Zevulun valley
Israel Carmel coast
Iraq Shuweicha Marsh
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Iraq Haur Al Haushiya
Iraq Haur Uwainah
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Voshmigir dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area
Jordan Azraq
Oman Duqm
Saudi Arabia Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons
Russia (European) Sarpinskaya lake-system
Russia (European) Kizlyar Bay
China (mainland) Anqing wetlands (Caizi Hu, Wuchang Hu and other lakes)
China (mainland) Yueqing Wan
China (mainland) Wenzhou Wan
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary
Russia (Asian) Ulukhkol' lake
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul
India Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Kahtla-Kübassaare
Estonia Väinameri
Russia (European) Shabel'skaya sand-spit
Russia (European) Lake Ayke
Russia (Central Asian) Mamontovskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Lyapuniha Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tanater-Rublevo Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Gorkye Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Kocherdyksky goose zakaznik
Russia (Central Asian) Lake Duvankul
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoy Sarykul' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Siverga lake
Russia (Central Asian) Starinnoe Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Schekuldyk Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bitter-salty lakes in the West of steppe Kurumbelskoj
Russia (Central Asian) Lake Lebedinoe
Russia (Central Asian) Katai lake
Russia (Central Asian) Lakes Zaboltsevo and Big Solenoe
Russia (Central Asian) Chanovskaya lake system
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Lake system near Lotoshnoye village
Russia (Central Asian) Uzkaya Steppe
Russia (Central Asian) Kasmalinskaya and Barnaulskaya forest bands
Russia (Central Asian) Krivoye Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Chuburat Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Burekesken Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'koe Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Troitskaya steppe
Russia (Central Asian) Blagoveschenskaya (Kulunda lake and vicinity)
Russia (Central Asian) Kartabyz and Lebedinoe Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Sykandyk Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Butash and Gor'koye lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Gorbunnoe and Solenoe Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Presnoe and Okunevskoe Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Marjanovski part of Kamyshlovskaya valley
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Galata
Russia (Central Asian) Kurumbel'skaya steppe
Portugal Mondego Estuary
Portugal Salinas de Alverca e do Forte da Casa
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Littoral Augeron
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Brenne centrale
France Vallée de la Garonne : Moissac
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Plaine du Forez
France Pointe de Grave
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil
France Basses Vallées Angevines
Russia (Central Asian) Beloye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Proslaukhinskaya
Russia (European) Neman river Delta and the coast of the Curonian Bay
Russia (European) Curonian Bay
Russia (Central Asian) Ebeity lake
Russia (European) Yeiski salt-lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Mandesarskoye reservoir
Russia (Central Asian) Abushkan lake
Russia (Central Asian) Ubinskoye Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Puchina area
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Nowruzlu and Ghazanlu
Mongolia Dashinchilen Bayan Lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Susangerd marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Gaz and Rud-i-Hara deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Iraq Haur Al Hammar
Kuwait Sulaibikhat Bay
Oman Barr al Hikman
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons
United Arab Emirates Ras Al Khor Wildlife Sanctuary (Khor Dubai)
Yemen Ta'izz wadis
Bulgaria Pomorie Lake
Bulgaria Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex
Bulgaria Yatata
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Netherlands Lepelaarplassen
United Kingdom Benfleet and Southend Marshes
Ukraine KardashinskI mires
Ukraine Gerojsk Lakes
Yemen Aden
Sweden Kalmar – Pataholm
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Kazakhstan Irtysh-Karaganda Waterworks 9
Russia (European) Budary lakes
Russia (European) Kissyk area
Russia (European) Floodplain of the Terek river near Staroshchedrinskaya
Poland Wizna Swamps
Turkmenistan Deryatakyr
Turkmenistan Mergen
Kazakhstan Tuzashchy and Karasor Lakes
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System
Hungary Alkaline lakes of Kiskunság
Hungary Cserebökény Pusztas of Szentes
Kazakhstan Bolshoy Kak Lake
Netherlands Wadden Coast
Turkey Hirfanlı Reservoir
Turkey Ceyhan Delta
Turkey Seyhan Delta
Italy Valle Bertuzzi and Goro lagoon
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Netherlands Delta Coast
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer
Germany Gotteskoogsee
Germany Hauke-Haien Koog
Germany Dollart
Germany Geeste lowlands near Bramel
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Pinneberg Elbe lowlands
Germany Wismar bay and Salzhaff
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Einswarder Plate / Tegeler Plate
Germany Rysumer Nacken
Germany Drennhauser Hinterdeich
Germany Eastern part of Kiel Bight
Germany Flensburger Innen- and Aussenförde
Germany Neustädter Bucht
Germany Kudensee
Romania Comana
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Ianca - Plopul - Sărat
Romania Lake Dunăreni
Romania Maglavit
Romania Suhaia
Romania Ilfov reservoir
United Kingdom The Wash
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Water reservation of Northern Chu Valley
Denmark Guldborgsund
Denmark Hirsholmene
Denmark Coast between Dokkedal and Lyngså
Denmark Lovns Bredning
Denmark Lønnerup Fjord
Denmark Marstal Bugt and the coast of south-west Langeland
Denmark Skælskør Nor, Skælskør Fjord and Borreby Mose
Denmark Stadil Fjord and Veststadil Fjord
Denmark Ulvsund, Grønsund, Farø Fjord and Fanefjord
Denmark Western part of Vejlerne, Arup Holm and Hovsør Røn
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Puck Bay
Poland Vistula river mouth
Kazakhstan Vicinity of Korgalzhyn village
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Kazakhstan Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System
Kazakhstan Uyalyshalkar Lake System
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Wetlands of Karasuk town
China (mainland) Desert and wetland from Northern Urumqi to Dabancheng
China (mainland) Barkol Lake and grassland
China (mainland) Ebi Nur and Kuytun River
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans
Egypt Lake Idku
Ukraine Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays
Kazakhstan Shalkar Lake
Tunisia Sebkhet Halk el Menzel
Italy Punta Alberete, Canna Valley, San Vitale Pinewood, and Pialassa of Baiona
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Kolga bay
Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste coast
Estonia Mullutu
Estonia Pärnu bay (NEW)
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Kazakhstan Caspian Sea shore between Volga and Ural River Deltas
Netherlands Biesbosch
Tanzania Lake Balangida Lelu
Estonia Küdema bay
United Arab Emirates Al Wathba
Germany Hamburg Wadden Sea National Park
Kazakhstan Ters-Ashchibulak Reservoir
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Ertis Ormany (Shaldai Forest)
Kazakhstan Shcherbakty Lakes
Kazakhstan Chingiztau Mountains
Kazakhstan Tuzkol Lake
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Emba River
Kazakhstan Delta of the Ural River
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
China (mainland) Luannan coast and saltworks
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
China (mainland) Huanghua coast (Cangzhou)
China (mainland) Tiaozini (Dongtai coast)
China (mainland) Nansha wetland
Serbia Okanj I Rusanda
Sierra Leone Yawri Bay
Senegal La Petite Côte
Senegal Parc National de Basse Casamance

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Recurvirostra avosetta. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/11/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/11/2020.