LC
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 304 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 85,300,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 75,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 8.7 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.280,000-470,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 58,400-74,300 pairs, which equates to 117,000-149,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are increasing, stable, or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). In Europe the population size is estimated to be fluctuating (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Belarus N Extant
Belgium N Extant Yes Yes
Benin V Extant
Bhutan N Extant
Botswana N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi V Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Cape Verde V Extant
Central African Republic V Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the V Extant
Côte d'Ivoire V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Czech Republic N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Israel N Extant Yes Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia V Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Lesotho N Extant
Liberia V Extant
Libya N Extant
Luxembourg V Extant
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of N Extant Yes
Madagascar V Extant
Malawi N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes Yes
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea V Extant
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
Sudan N Extant
Swaziland N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Togo V Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan N Extinct Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant
Western Sahara N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Albania Karavasta Lagoon
Albania Patoku lagoon
Algeria Sebkha d'Oran
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir)
Belgium Krekengebied
Belgium Kuifeend and Blokkersdijk
Belgium Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde
Belgium Zwin
Botswana Makgadikgadi Pans
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex
Bulgaria Pomorie Lake
Bulgaria Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex
Bulgaria Yatata
China (mainland) Anqing wetlands (Caizi Hu, Wuchang Hu and other lakes)
China (mainland) Barkol Lake and grassland
China (mainland) Desert and wetland from Northern Urumqi to Dabancheng
China (mainland) Ebi Nur and Kuytun River
China (mainland) Wenzhou Wan
China (mainland) Yueqing Wan
Denmark Eastern part of Vejlerne
Denmark Harboøre Tange, Plet Enge & Gjeller Sø
Denmark Ho Bugt meadows
Denmark Islands and coast between Skælskør Fjord and Glænø
Denmark Karrebæk, Dybsø and Avnø Fjords (coasts and islands)
Denmark Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord and Jungshoved Nor
Denmark Ribe Holme and meadows at Kongeåen
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord
Denmark Roskilde Fjord, Selsø and Kattinge Søerne
Denmark Saltbæk Vig
Denmark Saltholm
Denmark South Læsø
Denmark Sydfynske Ø-hav
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Denmark Ulvedybet and Nibe Bredning
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea)
Egypt El Malaha
Egypt Lake Burullus
Egypt Lake Manzala
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Kahtla-Kübassaare
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Väinameri
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Baie de Vilaine
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Camargue
France Cordon lagunaire de Sète à Agde
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Etang de Thau
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Marais salants de Noirmoutier
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
Ghana Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site
Ghana Songor Ramsar Site
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Evros delta
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalochori lagoon
Greece Kallonis gulf
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lakes Khortaro and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen, and Fakos peninsula
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Guinea Konkouré
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area
Hungary Alkaline lakes of Kiskunság
Hungary Cserebökény Pusztas of Szentes
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Hungary Sárvíz Valley
India Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Voshmigir dam
Iraq Haur Uwainah
Iraq Hoshiya and Saaroot
Iraq Razzaza Lake (Bahr Al Milh)
Iraq Shuweicha Marsh
Israel Carmel coast
Israel Zevulun valley
Italy Argentario, Laguna di Orbetello Lagoon e Lago di Burano
Italy Cagliari wetlands
Italy Cervia saltpans
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands
Italy Ortazzo and Ortazzino
Italy Palmas Gulf wetlands
Italy Po Delta
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona
Italy Sinis and Oristano wetlands
Italy Stagnone di Marsala and Trapani saltpans
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano
Italy Venice lagoon
Jordan Azraq
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Uyalyshalkar Lake System
Kazakhstan Vicinity of Korgalzhyn village
Kenya Lake Elmenteita
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli
Mauritania Chott Boul
Mauritania Diawling National Park
Mongolia Dashinchilen Bayan Lake
Morocco Marais Larache
Morocco Merja Zerga
Namibia Sandwich Harbour
Namibia Walvis Bay
Netherlands Balgzand (superseded 2007)
Netherlands Dollard (superseded 29/5/2017)
Netherlands Duinen Ameland
Netherlands Frisian Wadden Sea coast (superseded 29/5/2017)
Netherlands Grevelingen
Netherlands Groningen Wadden Sea coast (superseded 29/5/2017)
Netherlands Haringvliet
Netherlands Krammer-Volkerak
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Netherlands Markiezaat
Netherlands Oosterschelde
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen
Netherlands Terschelling: De Boschplaat (superseded 29/5/2017)
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Netherlands Westplaat (superseded 30/5/2017)
Netherlands Workumerwaard (superseded 24/5/2017)
Netherlands Zoommeer
Oman Duqm
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary
Portugal Castro Marim
Portugal Mondego Estuary
Portugal Ria de Aveiro
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon)
Portugal Sado estuary
Portugal Salinas de Alverca e do Forte da Casa
Portugal Tejo estuary
Romania Comana
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Ianca - Plopul - Sărat
Romania Ilfov reservoir
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu)
Romania Lake Dunăreni
Romania Lake Tataru
Romania Maglavit
Romania Suhaia
Russia (Asian) Ulukhkol' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kurumbel'skaya steppe
Russia (Central Asian) Lake system near Lotoshnoye village
Russia (Central Asian) Siverga lake
Russia (Central Asian) Wetlands of Karasuk town
Russia (European) Kiziltash limans
Russia (European) Yeiski salt-lakes
Saudi Arabia Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons
Senegal Delta du Saloum
Senegal Djoudj wetlands
Senegal Guembeul Avifaunal Reserve and St Louis lagoons
Slovakia Senné
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans
South Africa Berg River Estuary
South Africa False Bay Nature Reserve
South Africa Lake St Lucia and Mkuze Swamps
South Africa Orange River Mouth Wetlands
South Africa Rietvlei Wetland: Table Bay Nature Reserve
South Africa Sandveld and Bloemhof Dam Nature Reserves
South Africa Spitskop Dam
South Africa Swartkops Estuary - Redhouse and Chatty Saltpans
South Africa Verlorenvlei Estuary
South Africa West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands
Spain Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons
Spain Cádiz bay
Spain Ebro delta
Spain El Hito
Spain El Hondo wetland
Spain Gallocanta lake
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon
Spain Mar Menor coastal lagoon
Spain Mata and Torrevieja lagoons
Spain Middle section of river Guadalquivir reservoirs
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata
Spain Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons
Spain Pedro Muñoz-Manjavacas endorreic lagoons
Spain Pétrola-Almansa-Yecla
Spain Santa Pola salt-pans
Spain Villafáfila
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Bay of Skälder
Sweden Coastal area (including seaside meadows) of Eastern Öland
Sweden Coastal area of Eastern Gotland
Sweden Falsterbo – Bay of Fote
Sweden Fjord of Båta
Sweden Getterön
Sweden Lomma Bight
Tanzania Lake Eyasi
Tanzania Lake Kitangire
Tanzania Lake Manyara
Tunisia Salines de Thyna
Tunisia Sebkhet Halk el Menzel
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Mansour
Turkey Acıgöl Lake
Turkey Büyük Menderes Delta
Turkey Ceyhan Delta
Turkey Erçek Lake
Turkey Gediz Delta
Turkey Kulu Lake
Turkey Marmara Lake
Turkey Samsam Lake
Turkey Seyfe Lake
Turkey Seyhan Delta
Turkey Sultan Marsh
Ukraine Kazantip Cape, Aktash lake and Astanins'ka marsh
Ukraine Kuyal'nyts'kyj lyman
Ukraine Molochnyj Liman
Ukraine Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary
United Kingdom Benfleet and Southend Marshes
United Kingdom Breydon Water
United Kingdom Deben Estuary
United Kingdom Exe Estuary
United Kingdom Hamford Water
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
United Kingdom Tamar Estuaries Complex
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom The Wash

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Recurvirostra avosetta. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/12/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/12/2018.