Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi


Block, E. 2004. A species extinct in zoos - the Philippine eagle. International Zoo News 51: 340-343.

Bueser, G. L. L.; Bueser, K. G.; Afan, D. S.; Salvador, D. I.; Grier, J. W.; Kennedy, R. S.; Miranda, H. C. 2003. Distribution and nesting density of the Philippine eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi on Mindanao Island, Philippines: what do we know after 100 years? Ibis 145(1): 130-135.

Clark, W.S., Sharpe, C.J., Boesman, P. and Marks, J.S. 2015. Philippine Eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Collar, N. J.; Mallari, N. A. D.; Tabaranza, B. R. J. 1999. Threatened birds of the Philippines: the Haribon Foundation/BirdLife International Red Data Book. Bookmark, Makati City.

De Win, S. 2013. Typhoon Haiyan left parts of the Philippines behind as a wintery landscape typically found in temperate climates only! Available at: (Accessed: 16/06/2015).

Haribon Foundation. 2013. Preventing Extinctions Programme - Philippine Eagle Report - August 2013.

Hurrell, S. 2014. The king of the birds. World Birdwatch 36(3): 16-19.

Ibañez, J. C.; Miranda, H. C. J.; Balaquit-Ibañez, G.; Afan, D. S.; Kennedy, R. S. 2003. Notes on the breeding behavior of a Philippine Eagle pair at Mount Sinaka, Central Mindanao. Wilson Bulletin 115: 333-336.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-3. Available at: (Accessed: 5 December 2017).

IUCN. 2018. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2018-2. Available at: (Accessed: 15 November 2018).

Miranda Jr. H.; Salvador, D. I.; Bueser, G. L. 2008. Updates on the nesting biology and population status of the Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi.

Miranda, H. C. 2006. New insights on the population ecology and survival of the Philippine Eagle based on radio-telemetry. Wings without borders: IV North American Ornithological Conference, October 3-7, 2006, Veracruz, Mexico, pp. 225. American Ornithologists' Union, Waco, TX, USA.

Philippine Eagle Foundation. 2008. Philippine Eagle Foundation 2007 annual report.

Ranada, P. 2015. First active Philippine eagle nest in Luzon found in Apayao. Rappler. Available at: (Accessed: 27/07/2015).

Salvador, D. 2004. First release of a captive-bred Philippine Eagle. Peregrine Fund Newsletter no 35: 8.

Salvador, D. J. I.; Ibanez, J. C. 2006. Ecology and conservation of Philippine Eagles. Ornithological Science 5(2): 171-176.

Further resources

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Species Guardian Action Update

The Peregrine Fund - Philippine Eagle Conservation Project

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Pithecophaga jefferyi. Downloaded from on 31/07/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 31/07/2021.