LC
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Falco peregrinus (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously split as F. peregrinus and F. pelegrinoides following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 413,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 455,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 100000-499999 poor estimated 2013
Population trend Stable estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.8 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.140,000 individuals which equates to 93,300 mature individuals (Partners in Flight Science Committee 2013). The European population is estimated at 14,900-28,800 pairs, which equates to 29,700-57,600 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 13% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 228,000-443,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population is therefore placed in the band 100,000-499,999 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The overall trend is likely to be stable. This species has undergone a large and statistically significant increase over the last 40 years in North America (2,600% increase over 40 years, equating to a 127% increase per decade; data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007). Note, however, that these surveys cover less than 50% of the species's range in North America. In Europe the population size is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Andorra N Extant Yes
Angola N Extant
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant
Argentina N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) N Extant
Australia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahamas N Extant
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Barbados N Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes Yes
Belize N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant
Bermuda (to UK) N Extant
Bhutan N Extant
Bolivia N Extant
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant
Brazil N Extant
Brunei N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi V Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Canada N Extant Yes Yes
Cape Verde N Extant
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
Chile N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Christmas Island (to Australia) V Extant
Colombia N Extant
Comoros N Extant
Congo N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Costa Rica N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cuba N Extant
Curaçao (to Netherlands) N Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Dominica N Extant
Dominican Republic N Extant
Ecuador N Extant
Egypt N Extant Yes
El Salvador N Extant
Equatorial Guinea N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Eswatini N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Fiji N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
French Guiana N Extant
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Grenada N Extant
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant Yes
Guam (to USA) N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Guyana N Extant
Haiti N Extant
Honduras N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant Yes Yes
Indonesia N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jamaica N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Lesotho N Extant
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Macao (China) N Extant
Madagascar N Extant
Malawi N Extant
Malaysia N Extant Yes
Maldives V Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Mauritius V Extant
Mayotte (to France) N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Mongolia N Extant
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Namibia N Extant
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
New Caledonia (to France) N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palau N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant
Papua New Guinea N Extant Yes
Paraguay N Extant
Peru N Extant
Philippines N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Samoa V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Singapore N Extant
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) N Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes Yes
Solomon Islands N Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands N Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes
St Barthelemy (to France) N Extant
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant
St Lucia N Extant
St Martin (to France) N Extant Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) N Extant Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant
Sudan N Extant
Suriname N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant Yes
Timor-Leste N Extant Yes
Togo N Extant
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Uruguay N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vanuatu N Extant Yes
Venezuela N Extant
Vietnam N Extant
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Gibraltar (to UK) Rock of Gibraltar
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra
Cyprus Klidhes Islands
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges
Cyprus Episkopi Cliffs
Cyprus Cape Aspro
Cyprus Xeros Valley and Hanoutaris Cliffs
Czechia Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest)
Greenland (to Denmark) Eqalummiut Nunaat-Nassuttuup Nunaa
Montenegro Durmitor
Serbia Resava gorge
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
North Macedonia Shar Planina Mountain
North Macedonia Babuna gorge, Topolka gorge, and Crn Kamen
North Macedonia River Bregalnica
North Macedonia River Crna gorge
North Macedonia Demir Kapija Gorge
North Macedonia Kozhuf mountain and Boshava river
North Macedonia River Radika catchment
Azerbaijan Aggyol
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Azerbaijan Alty Agach area
Azerbaijan Mount Babadag
Azerbaijan Mount Bazar-Duzu
Azerbaijan Mount Dalidag
Azerbaijan Mount Giamysh
Azerbaijan Ilisu area
Azerbaijan Ordubad area
Azerbaijan Mount Shahdag
Azerbaijan Zuvand upland
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Lielais Kemeru bog
Latvia Liepaja lake
Latvia Pape
Latvia Satini fish-ponds
Latvia Cena bog
Latvia Orlovas bog
Portugal Gerês mountains
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains
Portugal Upper River Douro and Águeda valleys
Portugal Paul de Arzila
Portugal Berlenga and Farilhões islands
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões
Portugal Sabôr and Maçãs
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Suha Reka
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain
Romania Bicaz gorge and Hăşmaş Mountains
Romania Trascău Mountains
Romania Mures river lower flood-plain
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Retezat Mountains
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain
Ireland High Island
Ireland Cliffs of Moher
Ireland Wicklow Mountains
Ireland Helvick Head
Ireland Owenduff River catchment and Nephin Beg
Slovenia Nanoščica river basin
Slovenia Julijci
Slovenia Kočevsko
Slovenia Karst
Belgium Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde
Belgium Ronde Put
Belgium Haute Meuse
Belgium Vallée de la Dyle
Turkey Karaburun and İldir Strait Islands
Moldova Lower Prut River and Manta-Beleu Lake
Sweden River Helge
Sweden Getterön
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden River Ume Delta and Plains
Sweden Lake Tjålme – Valley of Lais
Sweden Sjaunja
Sweden Taavavuoma
Sweden Kullaberg
Sweden Bay of Skälder
Sweden Bay of Svensksund
Sweden Fjord of Båta
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Insko Site
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Oak-hornbeam forests in the Odra valley
Poland Otmuchów reservoir
Poland Nysa reservoir
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Tatra mountains
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Augustów forest
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Central Rodopi mountains and Nestos valley
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Apsalos and Moglenitsa gorges
Greece Lake Agras
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Mount Grammos
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Aliakmonas gorge
Greece Mount Olympos
Greece Douskon and Kasidiaris mountains, Delvinaki lakes and Gormou valley
Greece Tymfi (Gkamila) and Smolikas mountains
Greece Central Zagori and mount Mitsikeli
Greece Valia Kalda (Pindos National Forest Park)
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Lower Kalamas gorge
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Vardousia
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Mount Pilio
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Greece Lake Dystos
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Vouraïkos gorge and Kalavryta
Greece Strofades islets
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Mount Parnitha
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete
Greece Rodopos peninsula, Crete
Greece Lefka Ori mountains, Crete
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Mount Dikti, Crete
Greece Thrypti and Orno mountains, Crete
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Kasos island and surrounding islets
Greece Northern Sifnos
Greece Northern Syros
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Mount Kerkis, Samos
Greece Fournoi island
Greece Mount Dikaios, lake Psalidi and Alyki lagoon, Kos
Greece Tilos island and surrounding islets
Greece Thasos island and Xironisi islet
Greece Nisyros island and surrounding islets
Greece Chalki island and surrounding islets
Greece Mount Zakrou, Crete
Greece Mounts Agia Dynati and Kokkini Rachi, Kefalonia
Greece Kythira island
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Ikaria island
Greece Amorgos island
Greece Lavreotiki peninsula and Patroklos islet
Greece Patmos island and surrounding islets
Greece Echinades, Kalamos and Atokos islands
Greece Kinaros and Levitha islands and surrounding islets
Greece Islands and islets of northern Dodecanese
Greece Kalymnos, Telendos, Kalolimnos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Mount Erymanthos
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Mount Kochylas, Skyros
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Agios Efstratios island
Greece Paramythia mountains
Greece Tsamanta, Filiata, Farmakovouni and Megali Rachi mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Valtou mountains
Greece Symi island and surrounding islets
Greece Astypalaia island and surrounding islets
Greece Syrna island and surrounding islets
Greece Serifos island
Greece Islets of western Limnos and cape Mourtzeflos
Greece Mikres Kyklades island complex
Greece Samothraki island
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Ios, Sikinos and Folegandros islands
Greece Western, eastern and southern Rhodes
Greece Gavdos and Gavdopoula islands, Crete
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Haringvliet
Netherlands Grevelingen
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Viklinrimpi
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Lålby fields
Finland Kristiinankaupunki southern archipelago
Finland Litokaira
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Rumala-Kuvaja-Oudonrimmet
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Veittiaapa-Ristiaapa
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Sammutinjänkä-Vaijoenjänkä
Finland Joutsenaapa-Kaita-aapa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Russia (European) Bazarduyzi and Shalbuzdag alpine mountains
Russia (European) Teberdinski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Alagirskoye i Kurtatinskoye ravines (Severo-Osetinski (North Osetin) Nature Reserve)
Russia (European) Vaygach island
Russia (European) River Chernaya
Russia (European) Ponoiskaya depression
Russia (European) Chudsko-Pskovski Lake and the adjacent areas
Russia (European) Kraka Mountain
Russia (European) Mordovian P. G. Smidovich Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Torna-Shoina watershed
Russia (European) Lower Urushten river
Russia (European) Akhmet-Skala ridge
Russia (European) Valley of Urup river
Russia (European) Kurdzhips river valley
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Russia (European) Sitnikovski Reserve
Russia (European) Bel'skaya flood-plain
Spain Cíes islands
Spain Cape Busto-Luanco
Spain Ancares mountains
Spain Degaña-Hermo
Spain Babia-Somiedo
Spain Gistreo and Coto mountain ranges
Spain Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains
Spain Riaño
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range
Spain Fuentes Carrionas
Spain Urdaibai - Matxitxako
Spain La Cabrera mountain range
Spain Montes Aquilanos range
Spain Humada-Peña Amaya
Spain Upper Ebro and Rudrón canyons
Spain Oña and Tesla mountain ranges
Spain La Losa-Orduña (Salvada mountain range)
Spain Sobrón canyon
Spain Obarenes mountains
Spain Izki mountains
Spain Villafáfila
Spain Belver de los Montes-Gallegos del Pan
Spain Arribes del Duero-Fermoselle
Spain Río Huebra-Arribes del Duero
Spain Peña de Francia
Spain Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges
Spain Duratón canyon
Spain Montejo de la Vega-Riaza canyon
Spain Tiermes-Caracena
Spain River Lobos canyon
Spain Arlanza Valley-Peñas de Cervera
Spain Cerrato high moor
Spain El Escorial-San Martín de Valdeiglesias
Spain Alto Lozoya-La Pedriza
Spain Talamanca-Camarma
Spain Cortados del Jarama
Spain Ayllón mountain range
Spain Entrepeñas and Buendía reservoirs
Spain Upper sections of the rivers Tajo and Tajuña
Spain Cuenca mountain ranges
Spain Canyons on the middle section of the Cabriel river
Spain River Mundo and river Segura canyons
Spain La Demanda mountains
Spain Gorges of Iregua, Leza and Jubera
Spain Alcarama mountain and Alhama river
Spain Dos Ríos and Orba mountain ranges
Spain Belagua-Ansó-Hecho
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret
Spain Alt Pallars
Spain Leyre, Illón and San Miguel mountain ranges
Spain Guara mountain range
Spain Sant Gervás mountains
Spain Boumort mountains
Spain Cadí mountains
Spain Montsech and Montgai mountains
Spain Zuera mountains
Spain Rivers Cinca and Alcanadre riverine forest
Spain Mountains of Barcelona
Spain Lower course of the river Huerva
Spain Belchite-Mediana
Spain River Jalón canyon
Spain River Martín canyons and Arcos mountain range
Spain River Guadalope
Spain Montes Universales-Albarracín mountain range
Spain Montsant and Prades mountains
Spain Pass of Beceite-Turmell mountain
Spain Espadán mountain range
Spain Rivers Cabriel and Júcar canyons
Spain Marina mountain ranges
Spain Moratalla mountain range
Spain Quipar reservoir, Molino mountain range and Cagitán plains
Spain Hoya de Guadix
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata
Spain Cazorla and Segura mountain ranges
Spain Mountain ranges south of Jaén
Spain Mountain ranges of Cordoba
Spain Tajo de Barbate coastal cliffs
Spain La Janda
Spain Bujeo, Ojén, del Niño and Blanquilla mountain ranges
Spain Cabras, Aljibe and Montecoche mountain range
Spain Ubrique and Grazalema mountain ranges
Spain Líjar mountain range-Zaframagon crag
Spain Mountain ranges of Ronda, Bermeja and Crestellina
Spain Antequera mountain range-El Chorro
Spain Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada
Spain Sierra Nevada mountain range
Spain Chafarinas Islands
Spain Islets Vedrá and Vedranell
Spain Cala Salada - Illa d'en Calders
Spain Tagomago island
Spain Salt-pans of Ibiza and Formentera and Freus isles
Spain La Mola of Formentera
Spain Dragonera Island-La Trapa
Spain Tramuntana mountains
Spain Cape Pinar
Spain Cape Freu-Cape Farrutx
Spain Cape Vermell
Spain Coastal cliffs between Cape Enderrocat and Cala Pí
Spain Coastal cliffs between isles of Malgrats and Cala Figuera
Spain Archipelago of Cabrera
Spain North and east coasts of Minorca and island of Aire
Spain Tierra de Campos steppes
Spain Tierra de Campiñas steppes
Spain Altos de Barahona high moor
Spain Ravines and pinewoods in central Minorca
Spain River Cega-Tierra de Pinares-Cantalejo
Spain Valdegovía-Arcena mountain range
Spain Fausilla mountains
Spain Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges
Spain El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains
Spain Ricote and Nevela mountain ranges
Spain La Almenara mountain range-Cape Cope
Spain Torrecilla and Gigante mountain ranges
Spain La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges
Spain Montagut and Montmell mountains
Spain Cardó, Tivissa and Llabería mountains
Spain Llobregat delta
Spain Portios islets - Conejera island - Mouro islet
Spain Tina Menor-Sarnosa island-Oyambre
Spain Redbeeds and copses of Aranjuez
Spain Cape Barbaria
Spain Isle of Conejera and islets of Bledes and Espartar (Ibiza)
Spain Islets of Santa Eulalia, Redona and Es Canar (Ibiza)
Spain Alcarria de Alcalá steppes
Spain Pila mountain range
Spain Muela mountain range and Cape Tiñoso
Spain Campo de Argañán
Spain María mountain range-Los Vélez
Spain Ecija-Osuna plain
Spain Lower course of the river Matarraña-Ribarroja
Spain Enguera mountain range-La Canal de Navarrés
Spain Lanzarote islets
Spain Famara crag
Spain Lajares sandy plain-Cotillo-Ezquinzo
Spain Peninsula of Jandía
Spain Pozo Negro mountain-Vigán
Spain Los Gigantes coastal cliff
Spain El Roque coastal cliffs
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Polis'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Cape Martiyan
Ukraine Karadaz'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Kyivs'ke reservoir
Ukraine Uzunlars'ke lake
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Bilogir'ya
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Massif des Vosges : crêtes de Schneeberg au Donon
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Gorges de la Sioule
France Monts et Plomb du Cantal
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Montagne de la Serre
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Gorges de la Truyère
France Les Couzes Nord
France Les Couzes Sud
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Pointe de Grave
France Champ de Tir du Poteau
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Haute Soule : Massif Forestier, Gorges d'Holzarte et d'Olhadubi
France Haute Soule : Forêt des Arbailles
France Haute Soule : Forêt d'Irraty, Organbidexka et Pic des Escaliers
France Rive Gauche de la Vallée d'Aspe et Pic d'Anie
France Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau
France Eth Turoun des Aureys
France Pènes du Moulle de Jaut
France Haute Soule : massif de la Pierre-St-Martin.
France Pic de l'Estibet et Mondragon
France Col de Lizarrieta
France Vallée de la Nive des Aldudes-Col de Lindux
France Domaine d'Orx
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et Baie de Fontarabie
France Réserve Naturelle du courant d'Huchet
France Arjuzanx
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Haute Cize : Pic d'Errozate et Forêt d'Orion
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune
France Falaise du Bessin
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Cap Frehel
France Presqu'île de Crozon, Tas de Pois et Rochers du Toulinguet
France Baie de Goulven
France Plateau Ardennais
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale
France Petite Beauce
France Brenne centrale
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Détroit de Bonifaccio et Iles Lavezzi
France Iles Cerbicale
France Golfe de Porto, presqu'île de Scandola et golfe de Galeria
France Forêts domaniales de Corse
France Vallée d'Asco
France Vallée de la Restonica
France Vallée du Régino
France Iles Sanguinaires
France Iles Finocchiarola et côte de Tamarone à Centuri
France Vallée du Verghello
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risol et Mont d'Or
France Forêt d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risoux
France Cap Fagnet
France Boucle de Pose et de Muids
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Boucle de Moisson
France Bassée et plaines adjacentes
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée
France Etang de Lindre
France Vallée de la Meuse
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Gorges de la Dordogne
France Montagne de la Clape
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Hautes Corbières
France Basses Corbières
France Gorges de la Vis et cirque de Navacelles
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Puig Carlit et environs
France Gorges du Gardon
France Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais
France Minervois
France Massif du Madres et Mont Coronat
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Montagnes de Marcou, de l'Espinouse et du Caroux
France Vallées du Lis et de la Pique
France Cirque de Gavarnie
France Vallée de Melles, cols d'Aoueran et d'Artisagou et Mont Vallier
France Zones rupestres du Tarasconnais et massif d'Aston
France Gorges de la Frau et Belestat
France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Marais de Balançon et de Villiers
France Cap Gris-nez
France Camargue
France Crau
France Iles Marseillaises: Maire, Jarron, Jarre, Riou, Calseraigne, Congloue et Pomègues
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Iles d'Hyères
France Plateau de l'Arbois, garrigues de Lancon et chaîne des Côtes
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Bois du Chapitre
France Bec de Crigne
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Préalpes de Grasse
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Vallée de la Charente et de la Seugne (Cabariot-Pons/St-Sever-de-Saintonge)
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Bonne Anse
France Plaine de Niort (sud-est)
France Le Pinail, Forêt de Moulière et bois du Défens
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Forêts picardes : massif de Retz
France Marais de la Souche
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Marais de Brière
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Plaine calcaire du sud Vendée
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France La Dombes
France Val de Saône
France Forêt de Saou
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Col de l'Escrinet
France Basse Ardêche
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes
France Plaine du Forez
France Parc National de la Vanoise
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Lac et marais du Bourget
France Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache
France Montagne des Frêtes et plateau des Glières
France Les Bauges
France Haut Giffre
United Kingdom Abernethy Forest
United Kingdom Ailsa Craig
United Kingdom Assynt Lochs
United Kingdom Belfast Lough
United Kingdom Berwyn
United Kingdom Bowland Fells
United Kingdom Caenlochan
United Kingdom Cairngorms
United Kingdom Caithness Cliffs
United Kingdom Cape Wrath
United Kingdom Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay
United Kingdom Glen Affric to Strathconon
United Kingdom Dee Estuary
United Kingdom Calf of Eday
United Kingdom Elenydd - Mallaen
United Kingdom Flamborough Head and Bempton Cliffs
United Kingdom Glannau Aberdaron and Ynys Enlli
United Kingdom Glannau Ynys Gybi/Holy Island Coast
United Kingdom West Inverness-shire Lochs
United Kingdom Greenlaw Moor
United Kingdom Inverpolly, Loch Urigill and nearby lochs
United Kingdom Larne Lough
United Kingdom Loch Leven
United Kingdom Loch of Strathbeg
United Kingdom Loch Ruthven
United Kingdom Loch Shin and nearby lochs
United Kingdom Loch Stack, Loch Nam Brac and nearby lochs
United Kingdom Lochnagar
United Kingdom North Inverness Lochs
United Kingdom North Pennine Moors
United Kingdom Outer Ards
United Kingdom Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands
United Kingdom Pembrokeshire Cliffs
United Kingdom Pentland Firth Islands
United Kingdom Rathlin Island
United Kingdom Rum
United Kingdom Rousay
United Kingdom Sanda Island
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Skokholm and Skomer
United Kingdom St Abbs Head to Fast Castle
United Kingdom Tiree and Coll
United Kingdom Troup, Pennan and Lion Heads
United Kingdom Yorkshire Dale Moorlands
United Kingdom Muirkirk and North Lowther Uplands
United Kingdom Antrim Hills
United Kingdom Canna and Sanday
United Kingdom Exmoor Coast and Heaths
United Kingdom Galloway Forest Park
United Kingdom Darnaway and Lethen Forest
United Kingdom North Lowther Hills
United Kingdom Rothiesholm Peninsula, Stronsay
United Kingdom West Penwith Coast and Moors
United Kingdom South Pennine and Peak District Moors
United Kingdom Isle of Man Sea Cliffs
United Kingdom Isle of Man Hills
Italy Antigorio and Formazza valleys
Italy Anzasca and Antrona valleys
Italy Val Grande
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Maritime Alps
Italy Ligurian Alps
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy Grigne
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Italy Alto Garda Bresciano
Italy Iseo peatlands
Italy River Mincio and Bosco Fontana
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Stelvio National Park
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Italy Lagorai mountains
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Belluno Dolomites
Italy Tarvisio Forest
Italy Piave river
Italy Isonzo mouth, Cona island and Panzano Gulf
Italy Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi
Italy Tuscan Archipelago
Italy Uccellina mountains, Trappola marshes and Ombrone mouth
Italy Sibillini mountains
Italy Laga mountains
Italy Lake Alviano
Italy Rieti mountains
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains
Italy Lepini mountains
Italy Circeo National Park
Italy Ponziane islands
Italy Gran Sasso d'Italia
Italy Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains
Italy Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains
Italy Abruzzo National Park
Italy River Biferno
Italy Matese
Italy Capri island
Italy Picentini mountains
Italy Alburni mountains
Italy Mount Cervati
Italy Coast between Marina di Camerota and Policastro Bussentino
Italy Tremiti islands
Italy Gargano promontory
Italy Dolomiti di Pietrapertosa
Italy Agri Valley
Italy Pollino
Italy Marchesato and River Neto
Italy Aspromonte
Italy Maddalena archipelago and Cape Ferro
Italy Asinara island, Piana island and Stintino peninsula
Italy Cape Caccia and Conte port
Italy Tavolara archipelago, Cape Ceraso and Cape Figari
Italy Coast between Bosa and Alghero
Italy Cuglieri coast
Italy Orosei Gulf, Supramonte and Gennargentu
Italy Mount Sette Fratelli and Sarrabus
Italy Cagliari wetlands
Italy San Pietro and Sant'Antioco islands
Italy Eolie islands
Italy Peloritani mountains
Italy Nebrodi
Italy Madonie
Italy Rocca Busambra
Italy Mount Cofano, Cape San Vito and Mount Sparagio
Italy Egadi islands
Italy Anapo gorges
Italy Ticino river
Italy Sicani mountains
Italy Capes and islands of south-eastern Sardinia
Italy Cape San Marco
Italy Features of the coast between Cape Teulada and Cape Pula
Italy Costa Viola
Italy Alpi Apuane
Italy Ausoni and Aurunci mountains
Italy Mount Conero
Italy Assa valley
Italy Mount Grappa
Italy Carniche pre-Alps
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Italy Campo dei Fiori, Valganna and Cuvia valley
Italy Mounts Orsomarso and Verbicaro
Italy Mount Pecoraro and Pizzo Cirina
Italy Daunia mountains
Italy Furlo gorge and Mount Catria
Italy Lake Maggiore
Italy Dolomites
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river
Italy Finalese
Albania Thethi
Czechia Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains)
Greece Tokmakia islets, Lesvos
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord
Denmark Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord and Jungshoved Nor
Denmark Klinteskoven
Denmark Saltholm
Denmark Vestamager and adjacent sea area
Denmark Skjern Å
Denmark Eastern part of Vejlerne
Denmark Western part of Vejlerne, Arup Holm and Hovsør Røn
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Georgia Meskheti
Georgia Javakheti Plateau
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Malá Fatra
Slovakia Velká Fatra
Slovakia Tatry
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Chocské hills
Slovakia Muránska plateau and Stolicke hills
Slovakia Burda
Slovakia Povazský Inovec
Serbia Sara mountain
Serbia Pcinja
Serbia Jerma
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Serbia Derdap gorge
Norway Alta-Kautokeino watercourse
Norway Sør-Fugløy
Norway Ørlandet
Norway Gaulosen
Norway Smøla archipelago
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Norway Inner Porsangerfjord
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Wachau
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Niederösterreichische Randalpen
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein
Austria Freiwald
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Austria Styrian Joglland
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria Niedere Tauern
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Austria Silvretta and Verwall
Austria Slope forests in the Klostertal
Switzerland Lake Neuchâtel: southern shore
Switzerland La Brévine and Les Ponts-de-Martel
Switzerland Jura mountains of Baselland - Solothurn
Switzerland 'Grosses Moos' plain and Niederried reservoir
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt
Switzerland Aletsch region
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park
Switzerland Maggia valley
Switzerland Bregaglia valley
Switzerland Generoso mountain
Germany Pinneberg Elbe lowlands
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Weserstaustufe Schlüsselburg
Germany Rhine flats Altlußheim-Mannheim
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Danube valley Untermarchtal-Ulm
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Main valley near Schweinfurt
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Bayerischer Wald National Park with Arber region and Hohem Bogen
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Ammergau mountains
Germany Karwendel and Karwendel foothills
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Westrügen - Hiddensee - Zingst
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Vesser valley Biosphere Reserve
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Sächsische Schweiz National Park
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Mangfall mountains and Rotwand area
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Stechlin
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Aper Tief
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany North-eastern lower Harz mountains
Germany Vogelsberg
Germany Rheingau
Germany Knüll
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Alluvion of the middle Horloff
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Northern Black Forest, west of the Murg
Germany Northern Black Forest, east of the Murg
Germany Silzenwiesen and Bruch near Stettfeld
Germany Philippsburger Altrhein and Rheinschanzinsel
Germany Schiltach and Berneck valleys, near Schramberg
Germany Middle-eastern Black Forest
Germany Schwarza and Schlücht valleys
Germany Feldberg in the Black Forest
Germany South-eastern Alb and Upper Danube valley
Germany Simonswald-Rohrhardsberg
Germany Northern Karlsruhe Hardt
Germany Lake Überlingen of Lake Constance
Germany Jagst and adjoining valleys
Germany Enz valley Mühlhausen - Roßwag
Germany Orchards, heathlands and forests around Weil der Stadt
Germany Wutach ravine
Germany Kaiserstuhl
Germany Stromberg
Croatia Turopolje
Croatia Poilovlje with Carp Fishponds
Croatia Special Ornithological Reserve on Krk island
Croatia Special Ornithological Reserves on Cres island
Croatia Prvic island
Croatia Mount Velebit
Croatia Kornati National Park and Telascica Nature Park
Croatia Krka and Surrounding Plateau
Croatia Vrana Lake and Jasen
Croatia Mt Dinara
Cape Verde Serra do Pico da Antónia
Cape Verde Ilhéus do Rombo
Cape Verde Ilhéu Branco
Cape Verde Central mountain range of Ilha de São Nicolau
Afghanistan Bande Amir
Iraq Abu Dalaf and Shari lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-e-Moghan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lavandavil Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lisar Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Amirkelayeh lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Fereidoonkenar marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-e Naz Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lapoo - Zargmarz ab-bandans
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lar River Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kavir region
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bamou National Park
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Shur, Rud-i-Shirin and Rud-i-Minab deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khor Jask
Iran, Islamic Republic of Chahbahar Bay and Khor Konarak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Palestinian Authority Territories Jericho
Jordan Dana
Jordan Hisma Basin - Rum
Saudi Arabia Hawtat Bani Tamim
Yemen Mafraq al-Mukha
Yemen Wadi al-Birayn
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Harz National Park
Germany Unteres Eichsfeld
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Upper Harz mountains
Germany Rurtal, Kermeter, Vogelsang and Kalterherberg
Germany Vogelsberg
Germany Neckar valley near Hirschhorn (HP)
Germany Hoher Meißner/Plesse-Konstein
Germany Lahn slopes
Germany Middle Rhine valley
Germany Nahe valley
Germany Dahner Felsenland
Germany Saarkohlenwald
Germany Northern Black Forest
Germany Central Black Forest
Germany Southern Black Forest
Germany Mittlere Schwäbische Alb with Albuch, Härtsfeld and Schmiechener See
Germany Bodanrück and Mindelsee
Germany Kraichgau near Wiesloch
Germany Bergstraße Dossenheim-Schriesheim
Germany Wachenberg near Weinheim
Germany Heathlands and Forests in Tauberland
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany High alps of Allgäu
Germany Spessart
Germany Rocks and slope forests in the Altmühl and Danube valleys
Germany Sandstone rocks of Untermain
Germany Altmühltal above Eichstätt and Wellheimer Trockental
Germany Eastern Chiemgau Alps
Germany Wetterstein mountain range
Poland Pasleka river valley
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains
Canada Peace-Athabasca Delta
Canada Hay and Zama Lakes
Canada Frank Lake (south)
Canada Langara Island
Canada Frederick Island
Canada Kerouard and St. James Islands
Canada Scott Island Group
Canada Hippa Island
Canada Anthony Island
Canada Englefield Bay Islands
Canada Solander Island and Brooks Bay
Canada Moore and Byers Islands and Banks
Canada Kunghit Island and Luxana Bay
Canada Rankine and Langtry Islands
Canada Skincuttle Inlet Islands
Canada Ramsay and Northern Juan Perez Sound Islands
Canada Laskeek Bay
Canada Churchill and Vicinity
Canada Saskatchewan River Delta
Canada Shepody Bay West
Canada Brier Island and Offshore Waters
Canada Whooping Crane Nesting Area and Summer Range
Canada Coats Island/Cape Pembroke
Canada Akpatok Island
Canada Rasmussen Lowlands
Canada Southwest Bylot
Canada Long Point Peninsula and Marshes
Canada Point Pelee
Canada Aylmer Wildlife Management Area
Canada Wye Marsh
Canada Beamer Conservation Area
Canada Holiday Beach / Big Creek CA
Canada Cabot Head
Canada Netitishi Point
Canada Cap Tourmente
Canada Baie de Gaspé
Canada Péninsule de Forillon
Canada Tadoussac
Canada Northeast James Bay Coast
Canada Rivers of the Lac Guillaume-Delisle Basin
Canada Old Crow Flats
Canada Nisultin River Delta
Canada Nunaluk Spit to Herschel Island
Russia (European) Vicinity of Dakhovka
Russia (European) Sources of Kuna and Shisha rivers
Russia (European) Zilairskoye Prisakmar'ye
Russia (European) Ufimskoye plateau
Russia (European) Kaltasinski forest
Russia (European) Pavlovskoye reservoir
Russia (European) Krasnokamski forest
Russia (European) Shaitan-Tau ridge
Russia (European) Aiskiye yary
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Ai river
Russia (European) Uryuk
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Zilim river
Russia (European) Kebyaktepe ridge
Russia (European) Orota depression
Russia (European) Ivinski flood-plain (Verkhnesvirskoye reservoir)
Russia (European) Klyazminski reserve
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Lukh river between Myt and Mugreevo-Nikol'skoye villages
Taiwan, China Shihmen Reservoir
Russia (European) Bolchoi Tkhach mountain
Russia (Central Asian) Bystroistokskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Kurkure mountain
Russia (Central Asian) Plateau Ukok
Russia (Central Asian) Teletskoye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of the Yorkutayakha river
Russia (Central Asian) Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers
Jamaica Yallahs
Jamaica Pedro Cays and Bank
Czechia Labské pískovce sandstones
Czechia Broumovsko
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhne-Kondinsky zakaznik
Russia (Central Asian) Watershed of the Mulym'ya and Bolshoy Tap rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskiye marshes
Russia (Central Asian) Taezhno-Mikhaylovsky
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Russia (Central Asian) Ata-Anay Lake
Russia (European) Yuzhskoe lake-land
Russia (European) Okhlebininskaya flood-plain of river Belaya
Latvia Kemeri national park
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
Bulgaria Ivailovgrad Reservoir
Bulgaria Skrino
Bulgaria Persenk
Puerto Rico (to USA) Sierra Bermeja and Laguna Cartagena
Portugal Serras do Alvão e Marão
Portugal Cabo Espichel
Portugal Ponta da Piedade
Armenia Dsegh
Armenia Haghartsin
Armenia Meghri
Dominican Republic Jaragua National Park
St Kitts and Nevis Ponds of the Southeast Peninsula
Antigua and Barbuda McKinnons Salt Pond
Kazakhstan Big Almaty Gorge
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve
Antigua and Barbuda Offshore Islands
Lebanon Qadisha Valley
Russia (European) Forests and bogs in the lower reaches of Bol'shaya Kaksha river
Russia (European) Kilemarski Reserve
Russia (European) Forest in the middle reaches of Serezha river
Russia (European) Shumerlinskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Baturino-Simansky area
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural
Fiji Koroyanitu / Vaturu
Fiji Rairaimatuku Highlands
Fiji Sovi Basin
Fiji Viti Levu Southern Highlands
St Lucia Castries and Dennery Waterworks Reserve and Marquis
St Lucia Pitons (Qualibou and Canaries)
Turkmenistan Koytendag
Kazakhstan Upper Charyn
Bahamas Allan's Cays
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs
St Lucia Point Sables
St Lucia Iyanola and Grande Anses, Esperance and Fond D'ors
Turkmenistan Dushakerekdag
Turkmenistan Gurykhovudan
Turkmenistan Kurtusuv - Khovudan
Costa Rica Kekoldi
United Kingdom Migneint - Arenig - Dduallt
Austria Karwendel
Kazakhstan Tuzkol Lake
Poland Nielisz Site
Virgin Islands (to USA) Great Pond
Sweden Lake Lim
Anguilla (to UK) Cove Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Prickly Pear (East and West)
Kazakhstan Almaty State Nature Reserve
Poland Samica Valley
Kazakhstan Kushmurun Lake
Turkmenistan Tejen
Russia (European) Kosobo-Kelebski reserve
Russia (European) Buinakskaya depression
Russia (European) Verkhnechegemskaya depression
Russia (European) Chegemskoye ravine
Russia (European) Khulamskoye ravine
Russia (European) Sources of Kuma river
Russia (European) Ravine of Eshkakon river
Russia (European) Sources of the Podkumok river
Russia (European) Marinskaya cuesta of Skalisti ridge
Russia (European) Ravine of Gundelen-Tyzyl river
Poland Wkrzanska Forest
Poland Goleniow Forest
Poland Trzebiatow Site
Poland Drawa River Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Bielawa Swamps
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Karkonosze Mountains
Poland Stolowe Mountains
Turkmenistan Uly Balkan
Turkmenistan Kurendag - Garagoz
Poland Upper Labunka River Valley
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Poland Swidwie Site
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Bzura River Valley
Kazakhstan Paradise Valley mountain plateau
Slovenia Rocky faces of Posavsko hribovje
Slovenia Grintovci
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley
Slovenia Jelovica plateau
Slovenia Vipavski rob
Kazakhstan Kamyshovoe-Zhamankol Lakes
Croatia Kvarner Islands
Slovakia Slovensky raj
Slovakia Strazovske hills
Poland Pieniny Mountains
Poland Roztocze
Poland Kamien Lagoon and Dziwna River
Italy Val d'Ossola
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Italy Rhaetian Alps
Ukraine Buzhok river valley (Anastavtsi)
Ukraine Khersonesko-Fiolentske coastal zone
Italy Tarvisio forest and Giulie pre-alps
Guyana Ireng River
Guyana North Rupununi-Karanambu Ranch
Italy Circeo National Park and Pontine islands
Italy Pollino and Orsomarso
Romania Igniş Mountains - Creasta Cocoşului
Romania Piatra Şoimului - Scorţeni - Gârleni
Romania Metaliferi Mountains
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei
Romania Nerei gorge - Beuşniţa
Romania Caraş gorge - Semenic Mountains
North Macedonia River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica
North Macedonia Osogovo Mountains
North Macedonia Lake Tikvesh
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs
Cyprus Vouni Panagias
Russia (European) Saraly
Russia (European) Bylinskaya
Poland Pulwy Marshes
Poland Lower San River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Kwiecewo Site
Poland Poprad Site
Poland Satopy-Samulewo Site
Poland Hel Peninsula
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
United Kingdom South Pennine Moors
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Tulek Valley
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Alai
Poland Turek Site
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Poland Vistula Spit
Fiji Namenalala
United Kingdom Grampian Mountains
Spain Montaña Oriental Costera
Cyprus Ezousa Valley and Cliffs
Russia (European) Utrish Reserve and adjacent coastal waters
Kenya Hells Gate National Park
Moldova Congaz – Taraclia Lakes
Mexico Bahía de Ceuta-Cospita
Denmark Fanø
Denmark Mandø
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea)
Serbia Fruska gora
Serbia Pester
Serbia Golija
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Morocco Merja Halloufa
Morocco Sebkha Bou Areg
Morocco Embouchure Oued Moulouya
Netherlands Biesbosch
Netherlands Markermeer & IJmeer
Netherlands Susteren - Roermond
Netherlands Oosterschelde
Netherlands Rijntakken
Philippines Zambales mountains
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli
Sweden Muddus
Italy Sicani mountains, Rocca Busambra and Ficuzza forest
Italy Northern Sardinia
Kazakhstan Eastern Kazakhstan uplands
Serbia Kucaj-Beljanica

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Desert Hot suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Tundra suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Savanna Dry suitable breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3300 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 4000 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching - Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression - Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Past Impact
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Reduced reproductive success
Pollution Industrial & military effluents - Oil spills Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Falco peregrinus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/07/2020.