LC
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Christidis, L.; Boles, W. E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.
Turbott, E. G. 1990. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 14,500,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 98,200,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.4 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.25,000-100,000 individuals (Wetlands International, 2006), while national population sizes have been estimated at < c.1,000 individuals on migration in Japan and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats (del Hoyo et al. 1996).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant
Antarctica V Extant
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant
Argentina N Extant
Aruba (to Netherlands) N Extant
Australia N Extant
Austria V Extant
Bahamas N Extant
Barbados N Extant
Belgium V Extant
Belize N Extant Yes
Bermuda (to UK) N Extant
Bolivia N Extant
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) N Extant
Botswana V Extant
Brazil N Extant
Bulgaria V Extant
Burundi V Extant
Canada N Extant Yes Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant
Chile N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Colombia N Extant
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire V Extant
Cuba N Extant
Curaçao (to Netherlands) N Extant
Cyprus V Extant
Czechia V Extant
Denmark V Extant
Dominica N Extant
Dominican Republic N Extant
Ecuador N Extant
Egypt V Extant
El Salvador N Extant
Ethiopia V Extant
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) V Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Fiji V Extant Yes
Finland V Extant
France V Extant
French Guiana N Extant
French Polynesia V Extant
Gabon V Extant
Germany V Extant
Ghana V Extant
Greece V Extant
Greenland (to Denmark) V Extant
Grenada N Extant
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant Yes
Guam (to USA) N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant
Guyana N Extant
Haiti N Extant
Honduras N Extant
Hong Kong (China) V Extant
Hungary V Extant
Iceland V Extant
India V Extant
Ireland V Extant
Israel V Extant
Italy V Extant
Jamaica V Extant
Japan N Extant
Kenya V Extant
Kiribati V Extant
Libya V Extant
Malta V Extant
Marshall Islands N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant
Morocco V Extant
Namibia V Extant
Netherlands V Extant
New Zealand N Extant
Nicaragua N Extant
Niue (to New Zealand) V Extant
North Korea V Extant
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) V Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman V Extant Yes
Palau N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant
Papua New Guinea N Extant
Paraguay N Extant
Peru N Extant
Poland V Extant
Portugal V Extant
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant
Romania V Extant
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) V Extant
São Tomé e Príncipe V Extant
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Senegal V Extant
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone V Extant
Singapore V Extant Yes
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) N Extant
Slovakia V Extant
Solomon Islands N Extant
South Africa V Extant
South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands V Extant
South Korea N Extant
Spain V Extant
St Barthelemy (to France) N Extant
St Helena (to UK) V Extant
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant
St Lucia N Extant
St Martin (to France) N Extant Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) N Extant Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant
Suriname N Extant
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) V Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland V Extant
Taiwan, China N Extant
Timor-Leste V Extant
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) V Extant
Uruguay N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Vanuatu V Extant
Venezuela N Extant
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Zambia V Extant
Zimbabwe V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Colombia Complejo Lacustre de Fúquene, Cucunubá y Palacio
Canada Beaverhill Lake
Canada Miscou Island
Canada Coats Island/Cape Pembroke
Canada Rasmussen Lowlands
Canada Ekwan to Lakitusaki Shores
Canada Cape Henrietta Maria
Canada Shagamu River and Area
Canada Big Piskwanish Point
Canada Sutton River Coastline
Canada PEI National Park
Canada Barre de Portneuf
Canada Northeast James Bay Coast
Canada Landis Lake
Canada Blow River Delta (Shingle Point to Tent Island)
Canada M'Clintock Bay to Lewes River Marsh
Canada Tagish Narrows
Canada Nares Lake
St Vincent and the Grenadines Ashton Wetland
St Vincent and the Grenadines Mustique Island
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna Mar Chiquita
Belize Belize Off-shore and Barrier Islands
Belize Rio Bravo CMA Gallon Jug Estate
Belize Crooked Tree and associated wetlands
Belize Belize Coastal and near shore islands
Antigua and Barbuda McKinnons Salt Pond
Antigua and Barbuda Valley Church Bay
Puerto Rico (to USA) Jobos Bay
Puerto Rico (to USA) Suroeste
Paraguay Parque Nacional Tinfunqué - Estero Patiño
Paraguay Lagunas Saladas - Riacho Yacaré
St Lucia Point Sables
Barbados St Lucy Shooting Swamps
Barbados St Philip Shooting Swamps
Virgin Islands (to USA) Great Pond
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay
Virgin Islands (to USA) John Brewer's Bay
Argentina Laguna Melincué
USA Teshekpuk Lake-E. Dease Inlet
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Adventdalen & Adventfjorden
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Sassen-Bünsow Land
Colombia Laguna de la Cocha
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Amacayacu
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Chiribiquete
Colombia Lagos de Yahuarcaca e Isla Ronda

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Grassland Tundra major breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Alpine Wetlands (includes temporary waters from snowmelt) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Tundra Wetlands (incl. pools and temporary waters from snowmelt) major breeding
Altitude 3500 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Calidris melanotos. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/08/2022.