Partridge Pigeon Geophaps smithii


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

Corey, B., Radford, I.J. 2017. North-Kimberley Landscape Conservation Initiative: 2015–16 Monitoring, Evaluation, Research & Improvement Report. WA Department of Parks and Wildlife, Kununurra.

Davies, H.F., Einoder, L., Woinarski, J.C.Z., Macgregor, N.A., Moyle, F., Ryan, S., Tiwi Land Council Rangers, Fraser, F., Garnett, S.T. 2021. Eastern Partridge Pigeon Geophaps smithii smithii. In: Garnett, S.T., Baker, G.B. (ed.), The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2020, pp. 50-52. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Davies, H.F., Rioli, W., Puruntatameri, J., Roberts, W., Kerinaiua, C., Kerinauia, V., Womatakimi, K.B., Gillespie, G.R., Murphy, B.P. 2019. Estimating site occupancy and detectability of the threatened partridge pigeon (Geophaps smithii) using camera traps. Austral Ecology 44: 868-879.

Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA) (2008). 2008. Approved Conservation Advice for Geophaps smithii blaauwi (Partridge Pigeon (western)). Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Canberra.

Fraser, F. 2001. The impacts of fire and grazing on the Partridge Pigeon: the ecological requirements of a declining tropical granivore. CRES, The Australian National University.

Fraser, F.; Lawson, V.; Morrison, S.; Christopherson, P.; McGregor, S.; Rawlinson, M. 2003. Fire management experiment for the declining Partridge Pigeon, Kakadu National Park. Ecological Management & Restoration 4(2): 94-102.

Garnett, S.T. & Baker, G.B. 2021. The Action Plan for Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Garnett, S.T., Duursma, D.E., Ehmke, G., Guay. P.J., Stewart, A., Szabo, J.K., Weston, M.A., Bennett, S., Crowley, G.M., Drynan, D., Dutson, G. 2015. Biological, ecological, conservation and legal information for all species and subspecies of Australian bird. Scientific data 2: 150061.

Garnett, S.T., Szabo, J.K. and Dutson, G. 2011. The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2010. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.

Higgins, P.J. and Davies, S.J.J.F. 1996. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds Vol. 3: Snipe to Pigeons. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

House, F.M. 1902. Kimberley exploring expedition. In: Brockman, F.S. (ed.), Report on exploration of north-west Kimberley, 1901, pp. 18-19. Western Australian Government, Perth.

IUCN. 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2022-1. Available at: (Accessed: 21 July 2022).

Johnstone, R.E. 1981. Notes on the distribution, ecology and taxonomy of the Partridge Pigeon (Geophaps smithii) and Spinifex Pigeon (Geophaps plumifera) in Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 9: 49-63.

Leahy, L., Legge, S.M., Tuft, K., McGregor, H., Barmuta, L., Jones, M.E. and Johnson, C.N. 2015. Amplified predation after fire suppresses rodent populations in Australia’s tropical savannas. Wildlife Research 42: 705-716.

Legge, S., Murphy, S., Kingswood, R., Maher, B., Swan, D. 2011. EcoFire: restoring the biodiversity values of the Kimberley region by managing fire. Ecological Management & Restoration 12: 84-92.

McGregor, H., Legge, S., Jones, M.E. and Johnson, C.N. 2015. Feral cats are better killers in open habitats, revealed by animal-borne video. PLoS ONE 10: e0133915.

McGregor, H.W., Legge, S.M., Jones, M.E. and Johnson, C.N. 2016. Extraterritorial hunting expeditions to intense fire scars by feral cats. Scientific Reports 6: 22559.

Russell-Smith, J., Evans, J., Edwards, A.C., Simms, A. 2017. Assessing ecological performance thresholds in fire?prone Kakadu National Park, northern Australia. Ecosphere 8: e01856.

Setterfield, S. A, Rossiter-Rachor, N.A., Hutley, L.B., Douglas, M.M. and Williams, R.J. 2010. Turning up the heat: the impacts of Andropogon gayanus (gamba grass) invasion on fire behaviour in northern Australia. Diversity and Distributions 16: 854-861.

Setterfield, S.A., Rossiter-Rachor, N.A., Douglas, M.M., Wainger, L., Petty, A.M., Barrow, P., Shepherd, I.J. and Ferdinands, K.B. 2013. Adding fuel to the fire: The impacts of non-native grass invasion on fire management at a regional scale. PLoS ONE 8: e59144.

Swann, G., Davis, R., Bruton, M., Burbidge, A.H., Garnett, S.T. 2021. Western Partridge Pigeon Geophaps smithii blaauwi. In: Garnett, S.T., Baker, G.B. (ed.), The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2020, pp. 47-50. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, Australia.

Woinarski, J., Pavey, C., Kerrigan, R., Cowie, I. and Ward, S. 2007. Lost from our landscape: threatened species of the Northern Territory. NT Department of Natural Resources, Environment and the Arts, Darwin.

Woinarski, J.C.Z, Woolley, L.A., Garnett, S.T., Legge, S.M., Murphy, B.P., Lawes, M.J., Comer, S., Dickman, C.R., Doherty, T.S., Edwards, G., Nankivill, A. 2017. Compilation and traits of Australian bird species killed by cats. Biological Conservation 216: 1-9.

Woinarski, J.C.Z. 2004. National multi-species Recovery Plan for the Partridge Pigeon [eastern subspecies] Geophaps smithii smithii; crested shrike-tit [northern (sub)-species] Falcunculus (frontatus) whitei; masked owl [north Australian mainland subspecies] Tyto novaehollandae kimberli; and masked owl [Tiwi Islands subspecies] Tyto novaehollandiae melvillensis, 2004-2008. NT Department of Infrastructure Planning and Environment, Darwin, Australia.

Woinarski, J.C.Z., Fisher, A., Armstrong, M., Brennan, K., Griffiths, A.D., Hill, B., Choy, J.L., Milne, D., Stewart, A., Young, S., Ward, S., Winderlich, S. and Ziembicki, M. 2012. Monitoring indicates greater resilience for birds than for mammals in Kakadu National Park, northern Australia. Wildlife Research 39: 397-407.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Geophaps smithii. Downloaded from on 14/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 14/08/2022.