LC
Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency high
Land-mass type Average mass -
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 4,500,000 km2
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size 800000-3199999 mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend stable - suspected -
Generation length 3.4 years - - -

Population justification: In Europe (which covers >95% of the breeding range), the breeding population is estimated to be 424,000-1,560,000 pairs, which equates to 848,000-3,120,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Austria extant vagrant yes
Belarus extant native yes
Belgium extant native yes
Croatia extant vagrant yes
Denmark extant native yes yes
Estonia extant native yes
Finland extant native yes yes
France extant vagrant yes
Germany extant native yes
Iceland extant vagrant yes
Italy extant vagrant yes
Latvia extant native yes
Lithuania extant native yes
Luxembourg extant vagrant yes
Montenegro extant vagrant
Netherlands extant native yes
Norway extant native yes
Poland extant native yes
Portugal extant native yes
Romania extant vagrant yes
Russia extant native yes yes
Russia (Central Asian) extant vagrant yes
Russia (European) extant native yes
Serbia extant vagrant
Slovenia extant vagrant yes
Sweden extant native yes
United Kingdom extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Sweden Florarna
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Litokaira
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Luosto
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Russia (European) Valley of Sysola river
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Adovo-Chugrumski wetland
Sweden Färnebofjärden
Norway Reisa
Norway Øvre Pasvik
Norway Øvre Anárjohka

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Boreal major resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Loxia pytyopsittacus. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/parrot-crossbill-loxia-pytyopsittacus on 28/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 28/02/2024.