LC
Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 4,500,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 800000-3199999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.4 - - -

Population justification: In Europe (which covers >95% of the breeding range), the breeding population is estimated to be 424,000-1,560,000 pairs, which equates to 848,000-3,120,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Austria V Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Croatia V Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France V Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant Yes
Italy V Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg V Extant Yes
Montenegro V Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania V Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Central Asian) V Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia V Extant
Slovenia V Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Litokaira
Finland Luosto
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Norway Øvre Anárjohka
Norway Øvre Pasvik
Norway Reisa
Russia (European) Adovo-Chugrumski wetland
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Valley of Sysola river
Sweden Färnebofjärden
Sweden Florarna

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Boreal major resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Loxia pytyopsittacus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/11/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/11/2019.