Pallid Scops-owl Otus brucei


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 6,190,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,560,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be reasonably common in much of its range (del Hoyo et al. 1999). The European population is estimated at 50-250 pairs, which equates to 100-500 mature individuals (BirdLife International in prep.). The European population is only a small proportion (1%) of the global population so extrapolating the European population figures to a global scale is not appropriate.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe the population size is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International in prep.).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Bahrain V Extant
Egypt V Extant
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes Yes
Qatar V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Yemen V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
United Arab Emirates Digdaga - Hamraniyah
United Arab Emirates Mushrif Park
Israel Cliffs of Zin and the Negev highlands
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains
Iraq Abu Habba
Iraq Habbaniya Lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khabr-va-Rouchoon Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Deh Bakhri area
Jordan Ajloun
Oman Jabal al Akhdar
Oman Musandam (mainland)
Syria Euphrates valley
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul
Kazakhstan Zheltoranga
Kazakhstan Ili River Delta
Uzbekistan Vardanzi
Uzbekistan Dalverzin State Forestry and Hunting Management Area
Uzbekistan Dzheiran Ecocentre
Turkmenistan Repetek
Turkmenistan Nargyz
Tajikistan Kayrakkum Reservoir
Tajikistan Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve
Uzbekistan Mirzaaral Tugay
Uzbekistan Khodzha-Davlet
Turkmenistan Garachop
Turkmenistan Garabil
Turkmenistan Muskinata
Turkmenistan Saryyazy
Turkmenistan Tejen
Uzbekistan Zarafshan State Nature Reserve
Turkey Ceylanpınar
Turkey Southern Euphrates Valley and Birecik Plains
Turkey Karkamış
Kyrgyzstan Tulek Valley
Iraq Dalmaj Marsh
Iraq West Hammar
Iraq Jazman (Zurbatia)
United Arab Emirates Wadi Wurayah
Turkmenistan Badhyz

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1800 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 4340 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Species mortality

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Otus brucei. Downloaded from on 28/09/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/09/2022.