Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,750,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 14,200,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as irregular over its Chinese range, although common in some areas (Madge and McGowan 2002). Brazil (2009) has estimated the population in China at c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals. The European population is estimated at 0-10 pairs, which equates to 0-20 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe the population trend is unknown (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Austria V Extant
Belarus V Extant
Belgium V Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina V Extant
Bulgaria V Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Croatia V Extant
Czechia V Extant
Denmark V Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland V Extant
France V Extant
Germany V Extant
Greece V Extant
Hungary V Extant
India V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of V Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Italy V Extant
Japan V Extant
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes Yes
Latvia V Extant
Mongolia N Extant Yes Yes
Montenegro V Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Norway V Extant
Poland V Extant
Romania V Extant
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Serbia V Extant
Slovakia V Extant
Slovenia V Extant
South Korea V Extant
Spain V Extant
Sweden V Extant Yes
Switzerland V Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Turkey V Extant
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Russia (Central Asian) Talduair mountain
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes
Mongolia Galba Gobi
Kazakhstan Zhusandala
Kazakhstan Ili River Delta
Kazakhstan Altyn-Emel National Park
Uzbekistan Aksay Lake and surrounding desert
Uzbekistan Dengizkul Lake
Uzbekistan Dzheiran Ecocentre
Kazakhstan Irgiz-Turgay Lakes
Kazakhstan Middle reaches of the Sarysu River
Uzbekistan Buzaubay
Turkmenistan Chokrak-Tutly
Uzbekistan Northern part of the Assake-Audan depression
Uzbekistan Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake
Kazakhstan Sagyz
Kyrgyzstan Western Issyk Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Tulek Valley
Mongolia Khasagt Khairkhan Mountain
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
Uzbekistan Sarykamysh lake and surrounding Ustyurt Plateau
Kazakhstan Sarykopa Lake System
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Kazakhstan Donyz-Tau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Desert Temperate major breeding
Desert Temperate major non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate major breeding
Shrubland Temperate major non-breeding
Altitude 1850 - 3250 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Syrrhaptes paradoxus. Downloaded from on 01/10/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 01/10/2022.