VU
Pale-capped Pigeon Columba punicea



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - C2a(i)

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2020 Vulnerable C2a(i)
2016 Vulnerable C2a(i)
2012 Vulnerable C2a(i)
2008 Vulnerable C2a(i)
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,080,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,530,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2500-9999 poor estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor inferred -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 10-19 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 10-19 - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation 1-89 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.6 - - -

Population justification: The population is estimated to number fewer than 10,000 individuals by BirdLife International (2001), based on available records and surveys. It is placed in the band 2,500-9,999 mature individuals, equating to 3,750-14,999 individuals, rounded here to 3,500-15,000 individuals.

Trend justification: Although this species's population trends are poorly known, it is suspected to be declining at a moderate rate, owing to the on-going conversion of habitat and hunting pressure.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Cambodia N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Possibly Extinct Yes
India N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant Yes
Malaysia V Extant Yes
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka V Extant Yes
Thailand N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Vietnam A Yun Pa
Vietnam Ea So
Vietnam Phuoc Binh
Vietnam Dak Dam
Vietnam Tuyen Lam
Bangladesh Lawachara / West Bhanugach Reserved Forest
China (mainland) Diaoluoshan
China (mainland) Jianfengling
Myanmar Hlawga Wildlife Park and Hlawga Lake
Thailand Phu Khieo
Thailand Khao Yai
Thailand Mae Wong
Thailand Inner Gulf of Thailand
Thailand Thung Kha
Thailand Tha Yang
Thailand Mu Ko Similan
Thailand Ko Phra Thong
Vietnam Bi Dup
Thailand Hat Nopharat Thara - Mu Ko Phi Phi
India Dichu Reserve Forest
India Magu Thingbu
India Manabum and Tengapani Reserve Forests
India Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary
India Namsangmukh - Borduria
India Dibru - Saikhowa Complex
India East and North Karbi Anglong Wildlife Sanctuaries
India Kaziranga National Park
India Nameri National Park
India Upper Dihing (East) Complex
India Upper Dihing (West) Complex
India Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary
India Mount Zanibu
India Chandaka - Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary
India Simlipal National Park
India Lava - Neora Valley National Park
Cambodia Mondulkiri - Kratie Lowlands
Vietnam Bi Dup - Nui Ba
China (mainland) Yinggeling
Thailand Kaeng Krachan
Thailand Mu Ko Surin
Myanmar Hlawga Park
India Namtok, Namheik, Nampong and Manmao
India Innerline (West) and Katakhal Reserve Forests
India Papikonda National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Shifting agriculture Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Columba punicea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/12/2022.