LC
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Near Threatened A2bcd+3bcd+4bcd
2012 Near Threatened A2bcd+3bcd+4bcd
2008 Near Threatened A2b,c,d; A3b,c,d; A4b,c,d
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,010,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,310,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 14000000 medium estimated 2016
Population trend Stable medium estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.4 - - -

Population justification: Partners in Flight estimate there to be 12,000,000 mature individuals in continental U.S.A. out of a global total of 14,000,000 (Rosenberg et al. 2016, Partners in Flight 2018).

Trend justification: Data from the Christmas Bird Count (CBC) (T. Meehan in litt. 2018) suggests that in North America the species may have increased since 1966, within the relevant part of its range. However, Breeding Bird Survey data suggests it has undergone a small or statistically insignificant decrease over the last three generations (c.13 years) (Sauer et al. 2017), which would not approach the threshold for Vulnerable. As CBC data may only represent a more limited proportion of the population the species is, therefore, treated here as stable.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bahamas N Extant Yes
Belize N Extant Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) V Extant
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Cuba N Extant Yes
El Salvador N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Honduras N Extant Yes
Jamaica V Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cuba Ciénaga de Zapata
Cuba Cayos Romano - Cruz - Megano Grande
Cuba Cayería Centro - Oriental de Villa Clara
Cuba Sierra del Chorrillo
Cuba Alturas de Banao
Cuba Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila
Cuba Río Máximo
Cuba Delta del Cauto
Cuba Delta del Mayarí
Cuba Pico Cristal
Cuba Guanahacabibes
Bahamas Great Inagua
Belize Rio Bravo CMA Gallon Jug Estate
Bahamas Little Abaco
Nicaragua Mombacho Volcano
Nicaragua Los Guatuzos
Nicaragua Miraflor
Nicaragua Chocoyero - El Brujo - Montibelli and adjacent landscape
Nicaragua Domitila
Nicaragua Quirragua Mountains and adjacent landscape
Nicaragua Bluefields Bay and adjacent landscape
Nicaragua El Jaguar
Belize Maya Mountains and southern reserves
Cuba Mil Cumbres
Cuba Las Picuas - Del Cristo Cay
Cuba Gibara
Nicaragua Bosawas
El Salvador El Imposible Forest
El Salvador Jiquilisco and Jaltepeque
El Salvador Lake Olomega
El Salvador San Miguel Volcano/El Jocotal Lagoon
El Salvador Cerrón Grande
Mexico Acahuizotla - Agua del Obispo
Bahamas Red Bays
Mexico Calakmul
Mexico Chamela-Cuitzmala
Mexico Coalcomán-Pómaro
Mexico Cuatro Ciénegas
Mexico Cuenca Baja del Balsas
Mexico El Cielo
Honduras Rio Platano
Honduras Parque Nacional Patuca
Honduras Pico Bonito
Mexico Humedales del Sur de Tamaulipas y Norte de Veracruz
Mexico Laguna Madre
Mexico Vallecitos de Zaragoza
Mexico Nacimiento Río Sabinas, SE Sierra de Santa Rosa
Mexico Parras de la Fuente
Mexico Presa el Tulillo
Mexico Presa Venustiano Carranza
Mexico Rancho Los Colorados y área de influencia
Honduras Cerro Azul Meambar
Honduras Montaña de Yoro
Honduras La Botija
Honduras El Jicarito
Honduras Chismuyo/Coyolito
Honduras Islas de la Bahía y Cayos Cochinos
Honduras Cuero y Salado
Mexico Sierra Maderas del Carmen
USA ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge--Edisto Unit
USA Santee National Wildlife Refuge
USA Fort Chaffee
Mexico Sierra de Atoyac y Bosques de Niebla de la Costa Grande
Mexico Tlanchinol y bosques de montaña del noreste de Hidalgo
Mexico Bosque La Primavera
Mexico Bahía de Ceuta-Cospita
Mexico Bosques Montanos de Zacapoaxtla y Zautla
USA Altamaha Waterfowl Management Area
USA Bald Head - Smith Island
USA Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge
USA Hobcaw Barony
Mexico Cuenca baja del Río Papagayo
Mexico Sierra de Zongolica y Tenango
Mexico Carricitos-Cacaxtla-Río Piaxtla
Mexico Corredor de Barrancas de la Sierra Madre Occidental
Mexico Parque Natural Sierra Nanchititla
Mexico Quebradas de Sinaloa, Nayarit y Durango
Mexico Selvas Nayaritas

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land major breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist major breeding
Altitude 0 - 1700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Competition, Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases - Molothrus ater Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Unknown Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Transportation & service corridors Roads & railroads Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Passerina ciris. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/10/2020.