Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,240,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 126,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.190,000-250,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population sizes have been estimated at c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). The population trend is decreasing in North America (based on BBS/CBC data: Butcher and Niven 2007).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan V Extant
Algeria V Extant
American Samoa N Extant
Australia N Extant
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Barbados V Extant
Belgium V Extant
Bermuda (to UK) V Extant
Brunei N Extant
Burundi V Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Canada N Extant
Chile V Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Christmas Island (to Australia) N Extant
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia) N Extant
Comoros N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the V Extant
Cook Islands N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire V Extant
Cyprus V Extant
Czechia V Extant
Denmark V Extant
Djibouti N Extant
Ecuador V Extant
Egypt V Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Ethiopia V Extant
Fiji N Extant Yes Yes
Finland V Extant
France V Extant
French Polynesia N Extant
Gabon N Extant
Germany V Extant
Greece V Extant
Greenland (to Denmark) V Extant
Guam (to USA) N Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
India N Extant
Indonesia N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq V Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel V Extant
Italy V Extant
Japan N Extant
Jordan V Extant
Kazakhstan N Extant
Kenya N Extant
Kiribati N Extant
Kuwait V Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Madagascar V Extant
Malawi V Extant
Malaysia N Extant
Maldives N Extant
Malta V Extant
Marshall Islands N Extant Yes
Mauritius N Extant
Mayotte (to France) N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Namibia V Extant
Nauru N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
New Caledonia (to France) N Extant
New Zealand N Extant
Niue (to New Zealand) N Extant
North Korea N Extant
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palau N Extant Yes
Papua New Guinea N Extant
Philippines N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Samoa N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Seychelles N Extant
Singapore N Extant
Solomon Islands N Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Africa V Extant
South Korea N Extant
Spain V Extant
Sri Lanka N Extant
Sudan N Extant Yes
Sweden V Extant
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Timor-Leste N Extant Yes Yes
Tokelau (to New Zealand) N Extant
Tonga N Extant
Tunisia V Extant
Turkey V Extant
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Tuvalu N Extant
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Vanuatu N Extant
Vietnam N Extant
Wallis and Futuna Islands (to France) N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cook Islands Suwarrow Atoll National Park
Philippines Manila Bay
Philippines Mactan, Kalawisan and Cansaga Bays
Japan Awase tidal flat
Japan Lake Kasumigaura, Ukisima
Malaysia Sadong-Saribas coast
Mongolia Dashinchilen Bayan Lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Chahbahar Bay and Khor Konarak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Oman Al Batinah coast
Oman Ras al Hadd
Oman Barr al Hikman
Saudi Arabia Gulf of Salwah
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons
Taiwan, China Dapingding and Hsutsuo Harbor
USA James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge
USA Pearl Harbor National Wildlife Refuge
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
China (mainland) Ebi Nur and Kuytun River
USA Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
Myanmar Gulf of Mottama
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Philippines Buguey wetlands
Philippines Pagbilao and Tayabas Bay
Russia (Asian) Lower Anadyr lowlands

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Grassland Tundra major breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Pluvialis fulva. Downloaded from on 06/02/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 06/02/2023.