Osprey Pandion haliaetus


Bierregaard, R.O., Poole, A.F. and Washburn, B.E. 2014. Ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) in the 21st Century: Populations, Migration, Management, and Research Priorities. Raptor Conservation 48(4).

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Şekercioğlu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. in prep . European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.

Brown, L.H., Urban, E.K. and Newman, K. 1982. The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London.

Butcher, G. S.; Niven, D. K. 2007. Combining data from the Christmas bird count and the breeding bird survey to determine the continental status and trends of North American birds.

De Pascalis, F., Panuccio, M., Bacaro, G., Monti, F. 2020. Shift in proximate causes of mortality for six large migratory raptors over a century. Biological Conservation 251: 108793.

del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1994. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Dennis, R. and Dixon, H. 2001. The experimental rein- troduction of Ospreys Pandion haliaetus from Scotland to England. Vogelwelt 122: 147-154.

Derlink, M., Wernham, C., Bertoncelj, I., Kovács, A., Saurola, P., Duke, G., Movalli, P. and Vrezec, A. 2018. A review of raptor and owl monitoring activity across Europe: its implications for capacity building towards pan-European monitoring. Bird Study 65: S4-S20.

Ferguson-Lees, J. and Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the World. Christopher Helm, London.

Ferrer, M. and Morandini, V. 2018. The recovery of Osprey populations in the Mediterranean basin. Ibis 160(4): 923-925.

Global Raptor Information Network. 2015. Species account: Osprey Pandion haliaetus. Available at: (Accessed: 01/07/2015).

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Monti F, Duriez O, Dominici JM, Sforzi A, Robert A, Fusani L, Grémillet D. 2018a. The price of success: integrative long-term study reveals ecotourism impacts on a flagship species at a UNESCO site. . Anim Conserv. .

Monti F, Grémillet D, Sforzi A, Sammuri G, Dominici JM, Triay R, Munoz A, Fusani L, Duriez O. 2018b. Migration and wintering strategies in vulnerable Mediterranean osprey populations. Ibis.

Monti, F., Dominici, J.-M., Choquet, R. Duriez, O., Sammuri, G. & Sforzi, A. 2014. The Osprey reintroduction in Central Italy: dispersal, survival and first breeding data. Bird Study 61(4).

Monti, F., Nibani, H., Dominici, J.-M., Rguibi Idrissi, H., Thevenet, M., Beaubrun, P.C. & Duriez, O. 2013. The vulnerable Osprey breeding population of the Al Hoceima National Park, Morocco: present status and threats. Ostrich 84: 199-204.

Muriel, R. Ferrer, M., Cassado, E. and Calabuig, C.P. 2010. First successful breeding of reintroduced ospreys pandion haliaetus in mainland Spain. Sociedad Española de Ornitología 57: 175- 180.

Palma, L., Safara, J., Dias, A., Ferreira, J., Mirinha, M. and Beja, P. 2019. The Portuguese Osprey Reintroduction Project: Achievements, Lessons and Perspectives. Raptors Conservation 38(23-42).

Pardieck, K. L.; Ziolkowski Jr., D. J.; Lutmerding, M.; Hudson, M. A. R. 2019. North American Breeding Bird Survey Dataset 1966 - 2019, version 2019.0.

Partners in Flight. 2020. Population Estimates Database, version 3.1. Available at:

Snow, D.W. and Perrins, C.M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

State of India's Birds. State of India’s Birds factsheet: Osprey Pandion haliaetus. Available at: (Accessed: 17th August 2021).

STRIX. 2012. Developing and testing the methodology for assessing and mapping the sensitivity of migratory birds to wind energy development. BirdLife International, Cambridge.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Euro Bird Portal

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Pandion haliaetus. Downloaded from on 03/03/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 03/03/2024.