LC
Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Icterus spurius and I. fuertesi (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) were previously lumped as I. spurius following AOU (1998 & supplements); SACC (2005 & updates); Sibley & Monroe (1990, 1993); Stotz et al. (1996).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency low
Land-mass type Average mass 20 g
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 7,410,000 km2 medium
Extent of Occurrence (non-breeding) 3,990,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size unknown - - -
Population trend stable - estimated -
Generation length 5.1 years - - -

Trend justification: This species has had stable population trends over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Belize extant native yes
Canada extant native yes
Colombia extant native
Costa Rica extant native yes
El Salvador extant native
Guatemala extant native
Honduras extant native
Mexico extant native
Nicaragua extant native
Panama extant native
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) extant native
USA extant native yes
Venezuela extant native

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable non-breeding
Savanna Dry suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 1800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Icterus spurius. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/orchard-oriole-icterus-spurius on 04/03/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 04/03/2024.