Justification of Red List Category
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be locally common (Clement and Hathway 2000). The population in China has been estimated at c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration (Brazil 2009).
The species is suspected to be experiencing an on-going decline, owing to high trapping pressure for the cage-bird trade and continuing forest loss (del Hoyo et al. 2005). Subspecies rubecola, which occurs on Java and Bali, has undergone drastic declines in the wild, but is bred in captivity (D. Jeggo in litt. 2018).
Text account compilers
Hermes, C., Ekstrom, J., Butchart, S., Elliott, N.
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Geokichla citrina. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/09/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/09/2022.