Orange-fronted Parakeet Eupsittula canicularis


Taxonomic note
Eupsittula canicularis (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Aratinga.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status nomadic Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 85 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,490,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7 - - -

Population justification: Partners in Flight estimate the total population to number 500,000-4,999,999 individuals (A. Panjabi in litt. 2008).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Costa Rica N Extant
El Salvador N Extant
Guatemala N Extant
Honduras N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Nicaragua N Extant
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Costa Rica Guanacaste lowlands
Costa Rica Nicoya Peninsula
El Salvador Barra de Santiago
El Salvador Cerrón Grande
El Salvador Cinquera Forest
El Salvador Conchagua Volcano
El Salvador Deininger
El Salvador El Imposible Forest
El Salvador Jiquilisco and Jaltepeque
El Salvador Jucuarán Hills
El Salvador La Joya
El Salvador La Unión Bay
El Salvador Lake Olomega
El Salvador Los Cóbanos
El Salvador Río Sapo/Perquín
El Salvador San Diego and La Barra
El Salvador San Miguel Volcano/El Jocotal Lagoon
El Salvador San Salvador Volcano
El Salvador San Vicente Volcano
El Salvador The Volcans and San Marcelino
Guatemala Atitlan
Guatemala Cuilco
Guatemala Lake Güija
Guatemala Monterrico - Río La Paz
Guatemala Santiaguito Volcano
Guatemala Sierra de las Minas - Motagua
Honduras Chismuyo/Coyolito
Honduras El Jicarito
Honduras La Botija
Honduras La Tigra
Mexico Bahía de Ceuta-Cospita
Mexico Carricitos-Cacaxtla-Río Piaxtla
Mexico Corredor de Barrancas de la Sierra Madre Occidental
Mexico Cuenca baja del Río Papagayo
Mexico Istmo de Tehuantepec-Mar Muerto
Mexico La Encrucijada
Mexico La Sepultura
Mexico Laguna de Chacahua-Pastoría
Mexico Laguna de Manialtepec
Mexico Laguna Pampa El Cabildo
Mexico Lagunas Costeras de Guerrero
Mexico Papalutla, Sierra de Tecaballo
Mexico Presa Cajón de Peñas
Mexico Quebradas de Sinaloa, Nayarit y Durango
Mexico San Juan de Camarones
Mexico Selvas Nayaritas
Mexico Sierra de Petatlán
Mexico Tancítaro
Nicaragua Chocoyero - El Brujo - Montibelli and adjacent landscape
Nicaragua Cosiguina Volcano
Nicaragua Domitila
Nicaragua Escalante River-Chococente-Tecomapa
Nicaragua Maderas Volcano
Nicaragua Miraflor
Nicaragua Mombacho Volcano
Nicaragua Momotombo Volcanic Complex
Nicaragua San Cristóbal-Casita-Chonco Volcanic Complex
Nicaragua Wetlands of Northern Lake Managua

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Swamp suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Eupsittula canicularis. Downloaded from on 15/11/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 15/11/2019.