Oahu Alauahio Paroreomyza maculata


Baker, P. E.; Baker, H. 2000. Kakawahie Paroroeomyza flammea and O'ahu 'Alauahio Paroreomyza maculata. In: Poole, A.; Gill, F. (ed.), The birds of North America, No.503, pp. 1-24. Academy of Natural Sciences & the American Ornithologists' Union, Philadelphia & Washington.

Berger, A. J. 1972. Hawaiian birdlife. University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu.

Bremer, D. 1986. Waipio, O'ahu, Christmas bird count. Elepaio 46: 132-135.

Jacobi, J. D.; Atkinson, C. T. 1995. Hawaii's endemic birds. In: LaRoe, E.T. (ed.), Our living resources: a report to the nation on the distribution, abundance, and health of US plants, animals, and ecosystems, pp. 376-381. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Biological Service, Washington, D.C.

Lindsey, G. D.; Vanderwerf, E. A.; Baker, H.; Baker, P. 1998. Hawai'i (Hemignathus virens), Kaua'i (Hemignathus kauaiensis), O'ahu (Hemignathus chloris) and Greater 'Amakihi (Hemignathus sagittirostris). In: Poole, A.; Gill, F. (ed.), The birds of North America, No. 360, pp. 1-28. The Academy of Natural Sciences and The American Ornithologists' Union, Philadelphia and Washington, DC.

Olson, S. L.; James, H. F. 1982. Prodromus of the fossil avifauna of the Hawaiian Islands. Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, D.C.

Olson, S. L.; James, H. F. 1982. Fossil birds from the Hawaiian Islands: evidence for wholesale extinction by man before western contact. Science 217: 633-635.

Pratt, H. D. 1993. Enjoying birds in Hawaii: a birdfinding guide to the fiftieth state. Mutual Publishing, Honolulu.

Pratt, H. D. 1994. Avifaunal change in the Hawaiian Islands, 1893-1993. Studies in Avian Biology 15: 103-118.

Reynolds, M. H.; Snetsinger, T. J. 2001. The Hawai'i Rare Bird Search 1994-1996. Studies in Avian Biology 22: 133-143.

Scott, J.M., Mountainspring, S., Ramsey, F.L. and Kepler, C.B. 1986. Forest bird communities of the Hawaiian Islands: their dynamics, ecology, and conservation. Cooper Ornithological Society, California.

U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2006. Revised Recovery Plan for Hawaiian Forest Birds. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu, Hawaii.

VanderWerf, E. A.; Cowell, A.; Rohrer, J. L. 1997. Distribution, abundance, and conservation of O'ahu 'Elepaio in the Southern Leeward Ko'olau Range. 'Elepaio 57: 99-105.

Further resources

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

This species has been identified as an Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) trigger - click here for more information

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service - Revised Recovery Plan for Hawaiian Forest Birds 2006

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Paroreomyza maculata. Downloaded from on 29/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 29/10/2020.