LC
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Spatula clypeata (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Anas.

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 39,900,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 187,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 4300000-4700000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.5 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number 6,500,000-7,000,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). This roughly equates to 4,300,000-4,700,000 mature individuals. The European population is estimated at 170,000-233,000 pairs, which equates to 340,000-466,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations may be increasing and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). In North America, the species has undergone a large, significant increase over the last 40 years (based on Partners in Flight; A. Panjabi in litt. 2017). The European population trend is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) N Extant
Australia V Extant
Austria N Extant Yes Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahamas N Extant
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Barbados N Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes Yes
Belize N Extant Yes
Bermuda (to UK) V Extant
Bhutan N Extant
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana V Extant
Brunei V Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Cameroon V Extant
Canada N Extant Yes Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Colombia N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes Yes
Cuba N Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Dominica N Extant
Dominican Republic N Extant
Ecuador V Extant
Egypt N Extant
El Salvador N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
French Polynesia V Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) V Extant
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant Yes
Guam (to USA) N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant
Guinea V Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Haiti N Extant
Honduras N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
Iceland N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jamaica V Extant
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kiribati N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malawi V Extant
Malaysia N Extant
Maldives N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Marshall Islands N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique V Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Namibia V Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
New Zealand V Extant
Nicaragua N Extant
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant
Philippines N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Singapore N Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa V Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant
St Lucia N Extant
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) V Extant Yes Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant
Sudan N Extant
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) V Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Togo N Extant Yes
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Venezuela V Extant
Vietnam N Extant
Virgin Islands (to UK) V Extant
Virgin Islands (to USA) V Extant
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Lednicke rybniky ponds (Lednice fish-ponds)
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Azerbaijan Shahdidi spit
Azerbaijan Varvara Reservoir
Belarus Sporovo
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Lower Pripyat
Belarus Sialiec
Belarus Beresina
Belarus Bielaje fish farm
Belarus Paliessie fish farm
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Metelys, Dusia & Obelija lakes
Lithuania Kretuonas Landscape Reserve
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Lithuania Islauzas fish-ponds
Estonia Matsalu Bay
Cyprus Akrotiri salt-lake including Bishop's Pool
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Pape
Latvia Satini fish-ponds
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon)
Portugal Sado estuary
Romania Cârja - Maţa - Rădeanu - Roşcani
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Lake Siutghiol
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Stânca lake - Costeşti
Romania Cursul Dunării - Baziaş - Porţile de Fier
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei
Romania Lake Fundata
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău
Romania Fizes valley
Ireland Lough Iron and Glen Lough
Ireland Lough Owel
Ireland River Little Brosna callows: New Bridge - River Shannon
Ireland Dublin Bay
Ireland Castlemaine Harbour
Ireland Tralee Bay and Barrow Harbour
Ireland Shannon and Fergus Estuaries
Ireland Ballyallia lake
Ireland Rahasane turlough
Ireland Lough Gill
Ireland Lady's Island Lake
Ireland Kilcolman bog
Ireland Lough Rea
Slovenia Lake Cerknica
Belgium De Dijlevallei
Belgium Bokrijk
Belgium Vijverkomplex van Midden Limburg
Belgium Gebieden gelegen te Houthalen-Helchteren en Meeuwen-Gruitrode
Belgium Zegge
Belgium Kalmthoutse Heide
Belgium Kuifeend and Blokkersdijk
Belgium Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde
Belgium Durme en Middenloop van de Schelde
Belgium Polderkomplex
Belgium IJzervallei-De Blankaart
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta
Turkey Göksu Delta
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Sweden River Svartån
Sweden Lake Kvismaren
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Lake Kävsjön – Store Mosse
Sweden Getterön
Sweden River Klingaälv – Lake Kranke
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Falsterbo – Bay of Fote
Sweden Bay of Skälder
Sweden Lomma Bight
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Lundåkra Bight
Sweden Bay of Rynninge
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden Archipelago of Stockholm
Sweden Lövsta Bight – Björn Archipelago
Sweden Dannemora
Sweden Lake Östra Styran
Sweden Fjord of Båta
Sweden Fjord of Kungsbacka
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Druzno lake
Poland Vistula Lagoon
Poland Middle part of Tuchola forest
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Ostrówek and Smogulec ponds
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Poland Nysa reservoir
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Przemków ponds
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Malopolska Wisla river gap
Poland Starzawa ponds
Poland Narew river gaps
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Slup reservoir
Greece Kotychi lagoon
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece River Axios
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Epanomi lagoon
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Psili Ammos lagoon, Samos
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Lake Pikrolimni
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Evros delta
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Artzan reservoir
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Lakes Vegoritis and Petron
Greece Lake Kastoria
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Lagoons of Kerkyra island
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Oosterschelde
Netherlands Zoommeer
Netherlands Markiezaat
Netherlands Lake Gooimeer
Netherlands Lake Eemmeer
Netherlands Groote Wielen
Netherlands Alde Feanen
Netherlands Van Oordt's Mersken
Netherlands Lake Sneekermeer and Goingarijp
Netherlands Duinen en Lage Land Texel
Netherlands Terschelling: De Boschplaat
Netherlands Duinen Schiermonnikoog
Netherlands Balgzand
Netherlands Frisian Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Netherlands Groningen Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Zwanenwater & Pettemerduinen
Netherlands Westplaat
Netherlands Duinen Goeree & Kwade Hoek
Netherlands Haringvliet
Netherlands Hollands Diep
Netherlands Krammer-Volkerak
Netherlands Grevelingen
Netherlands Veerse Meer
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Netherlands Ketelmeer & Vossemeer
Netherlands Zwarte Meer
Netherlands Lake Veluwemeer
Netherlands IJssel: Deventer - Zwolle
Netherlands IJssel: Zwolle - Ketelmeer
Netherlands Gelderse Poort
Netherlands Rijn: Heteren - Amerongen
Netherlands Waal: Ewijk - Waardenburg
Netherlands Terkaplesterpoelen and Akmarijp
Netherlands Witte en Zwarte Brekken
Netherlands Lake Fluessen, Vogelhoek and Morra
Netherlands Rottige Meenthe and Brandemeer
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen
Netherlands Broekvelden, Vettenbroek & Polder Stein
Finland Eckerö and Hammarland archipelago
Finland Ruissalo
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Korppoo and Nauvo southern archipelago
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Porvoo outer archipelago
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Pernaja outer archipelago
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Koijärvi lake
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Hollola wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Alajoki
Finland Lålby fields
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Kristiinankaupunki southern archipelago
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Sundominlahti Bay and Söderfjärden
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Ahmasjärvi lake
Finland Haapavesi wetlands
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Tornionjoki Delta
Finland Karunginjärvi lake
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Russia (European) Kupy area
Russia (European) Lake Lacha
Russia (European) Olonets plain
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Kostroma river
Russia (European) Kamsko-Ikski area
Russia (European) Rybinsk reservoir
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Albufera de Valencia marshes
Spain Ebro delta
Spain Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes
Spain Llobregat delta
Spain Cortados del Jarama
Spain Tierra de Campos steppes
Spain Villafáfila
Spain Gallocanta lake
Spain Ampurdán marshes
Spain El Hondo wetland
Spain Pedro Muñoz-Manjavacas endorreic lagoons
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Petropavlivs'kyj lyman
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Dnipro delta
Ukraine Stokhod river valley
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Fishponds near Kukil'nyky village
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Oril' river valley
Ukraine Latorytsya river valley near Chop
Ukraine Molochna river valley
Ukraine Solonyj Lyman lake
Ukraine Orikhivski lake-system
Ukraine Lake near Magazinka village
Ukraine Debal'tsivs'ke lake
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Domaine d'Orx
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Arjuzanx
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Forêts du Perche
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Baie de Vilaine
France Rade de Lorient
France Baie de Goulven
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Blois
France Brenne centrale
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Montlouis-sur-Loire
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan
France Etangs de Sologne: étang de l'Arche
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Vallée de la Loire : Orléanais
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris
France Etang de Biguglia
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etang de Lindre
France Vallée de la Meuse
France Etang des Landes
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etang de Capestang
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Etang du Bagnas
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Vallée de la Garonne : Moissac
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Cap Gris-nez
France Moyenne Vallée de la Durance
France Camargue
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Marais de Brière
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Marais de Mazerolles-Petit Mars
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France La Dombes
France Val de Saône
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Iles du Haut-Rhône
France Plaine du Forez
France Ile de la Platière
France Lac et marais du Bourget
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Queue de Brenne : Etang des Loges, Grand et Petit Mez
France Marais de Fontenay-le-Vicomte et d'Itteville
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Marais et estuaire de la Seudre
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Forêts picardes : massif de Retz
France Marais de la Souche
France Marais salants de Noirmoutier
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Confluent des vallées de la Meuse et de la Chiers
France Gorges de la Dordogne
France Marais de Balançon et de Villiers
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Bonne Anse
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil
United Kingdom Abberton Reservoir
United Kingdom Arun Valley
United Kingdom Avon Valley
United Kingdom Belfast Lough
United Kingdom Breckland
United Kingdom Bridgend Flats, Islay
United Kingdom Burry Inlet
United Kingdom Caithness Lochs
United Kingdom Cameron Reservoir
United Kingdom Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay
United Kingdom Castle Loch, Lochmaben
United Kingdom Chesil Beach and the Fleet
United Kingdom Chew Valley
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Dyfi Estuary/Aber Dyfi
United Kingdom Dee Estuary
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley
United Kingdom Duddon Estuary
United Kingdom Dungeness To Pett Levels
United Kingdom Eden Estuary, Tentsmuir Point and Abertay Sands
United Kingdom Exe Estuary
United Kingdom Firth of Forth
United Kingdom Greenlaw Moor
United Kingdom Hamford Water
United Kingdom Hornsea Mere
United Kingdom Din Moss and Hoselaw Loch
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Lea Valley
United Kingdom Leighton Moss
United Kingdom Lindisfarne
United Kingdom Gruinart Flats
United Kingdom Loch Ken and Dee Marshes
United Kingdom Loch Leven
United Kingdom Loch Lomond
United Kingdom Loch of Isbister
United Kingdom Loch of Kinnordy
United Kingdom Loch of Lintrathen
United Kingdom Loch of Skene
United Kingdom Loch of Strathbeg
United Kingdom Loch Spynie
United Kingdom Lochs of Harray and Stenness
United Kingdom Lochs of Spiggie and Brow
United Kingdom Lough Foyle and River Foyle
United Kingdom Lough Neagh and Lough Beg
United Kingdom Martin Mere
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Mill Dam, Shapinsay
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom Montrose Basin
United Kingdom Moray Basin, Firths and Bays
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay
United Kingdom Nene Washes
United Kingdom Broadland
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom North Uist Machair and Islands
United Kingdom Northumbria Coast
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary
United Kingdom Ouse Washes
United Kingdom Pagham Harbour
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
United Kingdom Portsmouth Harbour
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries
United Kingdom River Spey - Insh Marshes
United Kingdom Rutland Water
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Somerset Levels and Moors
United Kingdom South Tayside Goose Roosts
United Kingdom South-west London Waterbodies
United Kingdom Solent Marshes and Southampton Water
United Kingdom Stodmarsh
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries
United Kingdom Strangford Lough and islands
United Kingdom Tamar Estuaries Complex
United Kingdom Taw and Torridge Estuary
United Kingdom Tay - Isla Valley
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Thanet Coast and Sandwich Bay
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Traeth Lafan, Conwy Bay
United Kingdom Upper Lough Erne
United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes
United Kingdom Walmore Common
United Kingdom Wigtown Bay
United Kingdom Ynys Feurig, Cemlyn Bay and the Skerries
United Kingdom Ythan Estuary, Sands of Forvie and Meikle Loch
United Kingdom Muirkirk and North Lowther Uplands
United Kingdom Benacre to Easton Bavents
United Kingdom Frome Flood-plain
United Kingdom Sounds around Wyre
United Kingdom Suffolk Sandlings
United Kingdom Breydon Water
United Kingdom West Coast of Benbecula
Italy Valli di Argenta
Italy Po Delta
Italy Venice lagoon
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Italy Cervia saltpans
Italy Grado and Marano lagoon
Italy Lake Trasimeno
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona
Italy Oristano wetlands
Italy Cagliari wetlands
Italy Manfredonia Gulf wetlands
Poland Slowinski National Park
Sweden Coastal area (including seaside meadows) of Eastern Öland
Sweden River Dal – Håvran
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Romania Bistreţ
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu)
Romania Black Sea
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Denmark Islands and coast between Skælskør Fjord and Glænø
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea)
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord
Denmark Hovvig
Denmark Saltholm
Denmark Karrebæk, Dybsø and Avnø Fjords (coasts and islands)
Denmark Maribo lakes
Denmark Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord and Jungshoved Nor
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Denmark Arreskov Sø
Denmark Forests near Brahetrolleborg
Denmark Rømø
Denmark Stadil Fjord and Veststadil Fjord
Serbia Becej fish-pond
Serbia Jegricka
Serbia Srednje Potamišje
Slovakia Senné
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Norway Inner Porsangerfjord
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria Neusiedler See
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Albania Karavasta Lagoon
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Putzarer See, Galenbecker See, Brohmer Berge
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Germany Lewitz
Germany Westrügen - Hiddensee - Zingst
Germany Ismaninger Speichersee and fish ponds
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Bastau lowlands
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Mühlenberger Loch
Germany Aland-Elbe lowlands
Germany Elbe lowlands Jerichow
Germany Peitzer und Bärenbrücker Teiche
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Helme reservoir Berga-Kelbra
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Rheinaue Bingen-Ingelheim
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Rodachaue / Itzgrund / Oberes Maintal incl. Nassanger near Trieb and surrounding gravel pits
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Chiemsee and Chiemseemoore
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Ammersee
Germany Spreewald
Germany Oberlausitz heathland and fishponds biosphere reserve
Germany Eschefeld ponds
Germany Grosshartmannsdorfer Grossteich
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Borgfelder Wümmewiesen
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Werderland
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Mittelwesermarsch
Germany Isles of Langenwerder and Walfisch
Germany Isles of Oie and Kirr
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Bogs and heathlands of the Westmünsterland
Germany Weserstaustufe Schlüsselburg
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Weser valley near Stolzenau and Landesbergen
Germany Rheiderland
Germany Ems valley between Leer and Emden
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, unembanked area
Germany Seeburger See
Germany Viehmoor with Leiferder Teiche
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Südradde lowlands
Germany Aper Tief
Germany Old Picardie
Germany Jadebusen, inland
Germany Alfsee
Germany Krummhörn-Westermarsch
Germany Lower Aller lowlands
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Dümmer
Germany Hamme lowlands
Germany Hunte lowlands near Oldenburg
Germany Fehntjer Tief
Germany Ostfriesische Meere
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Wümme lowlands and St. Jürgensland
Germany Wümmewiesen near Fischerhude
Germany Riddagshäuser Teiche
Germany Heerter See
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Unteres Rhinluch-Dreetzer See / Havelländisches Luch / Belziger Landschaftswiesen
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Starnberger See
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Vogelfreistätte Alter and Neuer See
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany Selent-Plön fishponds
Germany Warder See
Germany Strand lakes and fish-ponds in south-western Fehmarn
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Germany Wesseker See
Germany Northern Wetterau
Germany Gladenbach mountains east of Herborn
Germany Rothenbach pond
Germany Ober-Moos pond
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Reservoir near Affoldern
Germany Alluvion of the middle Horloff
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Untersee of Lake Constance
Germany Rhine flats Nonnenweier - Kehl
Germany Rhine flats Kehl-Helmlingen
Belgium Bourgoyen-Ossemeersen
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Croatia Jelas Field
Croatia Donji Miholjac fish-ponds
Croatia Poilovlje with Carp Fishponds
Algeria Lac Oubeïra
Algeria Lac Tonga
Algeria Lac des Oiseaux / Garaet et Touyour
Algeria Marais de Mekhada
Algeria Lac Fetzara
Algeria Sebkhet Djendli
Egypt El Malaha
Egypt Lake Manzala
Egypt Lake Burullus
Egypt Lake Nasser
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park
Kenya Dandora ponds
Morocco Merja Zerga
Morocco Barrage al Massira
Mauritania Chott Boul
Mauritania Diawling National Park
Niger Lassouri - Karandi wetlands
Senegal Djoudj wetlands
Tunisia Ichkeul
Tunisia Garaet Mabtouh
Tunisia Sebkhet Sejoumi
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia
Tanzania Lake Manyara
Estonia Haapsalu-Noarootsi bays
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Israel Zevulun valley
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys
Iraq Baquba wetlands
Iraq Musayab
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Fereidoonkenar marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kaftar lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Russia (European) Lake Il'men and adjoining marshy plain
Russia (European) Southern coast of the Neva bay
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Lukh river between Myt and Mugreevo-Nikol'skoye villages
Russia (European) Mouth of Svir river
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area
Mongolia Khar Us Lake
Pakistan Pugri Lake
Pakistan Lal Sohanra National Park
Pakistan Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary
Russia (Asian) Bolon' lake
Russia (Asian) Azas Nature Reserve
Russia (Asian) Kuril islands (between Urup and Paramushir)
Russia (Asian) Forty islands
India Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary
India Sulekere Lake
India Patna Bird Sanctuary
India Kanjli Lake
Russia (Asian) Parapol'skiy valley
Belarus Sporaŭskaje balota
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Belarus Biarezina-Hajna
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Räpina polder
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Väinameri
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'koye lake near Karas'ye village
Russia (Central Asian) Bog Mamynkul and lake Alakul
Russia (Central Asian) Mouth of the Uy river
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake
Russia (Central Asian) Travykul' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Alabota lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shiye and Maliye Donki lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye
Jamaica Black River Great Morass
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
Azerbaijan Red Lake
Azerbaijan Aggyol
Azerbaijan Lake Hajigabul
Russia (Central Asian) Zdvinsky zakaznik
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob'
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Manjas Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Utich Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Maly Sarykul' Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Greater and Lesser Alekaj Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'koe Lake near village Lyskovo
Russia (Central Asian) Greater and Lesser Kadkul', Alabuga and Tirikul' Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Kyzil-Chilik valley
Russia (European) Lower Uvod' river
Russia (Central Asian) Yakush Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kazanskaya flood-plain of the Ishim river
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhneoschskaya
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Chelopechene Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Lakat Island
Bulgaria Hadzi Dimitrovo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Zlato Pole
France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et Baie de Fontarabie
France Estuaire de l'Orne
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Baie de Quiberon
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale
France Vallée de la Loire : La Charité-sur-Loire
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Boucle de Pose et de Muids
France Boucle de Moisson
France Bassée et plaines adjacentes
France Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Pointe de Grave
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
Bahamas Harrold and Wilson Ponds National Park
Bahamas Grog Pond
Kazakhstan Karasor Lake
Kazakhstan Kultansor and Tatysor Lakes
Russia (European) Sitnikovski Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Beloye lake
Russia (European) Oka valley in vicinity of Murmino
Russia (European) Izhevsk flood-plain of Oka river
Russia (Central Asian) Belozerskaya flood-plain of river Tobol
Russia (European) Okski Biosphere Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Russia (European) Peat pits in Volodarski and Balakhninski districts
Russia (European) Floodplain of Rudnya river and surroundings
Russia (European) Rybachii Peninsula and Ushakovski bay
Russia (Central Asian) Mandesarskoye reservoir
Russia (Central Asian) Tirikul' and Kadkul' lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Tarutino Lake
Canada Codroy Valley Estuary
Canada Marais de Saint-Timothée
Canada Marais de Saint-Étienne
Canada Canal de Beauharnois
Canada Reed Lake
Canada Paysen/Kettlehut Lake
Canada Babbage and Spring River Deltas
Afghanistan Kole Hashmat Khan
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gori Gol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lavandavil Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karkheh river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dez river marshes and plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karun river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Haft Barm
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area
Iraq Shuweicha Marsh
Iraq Ibn Najm
Iraq Haur Al Haushiya
Iraq Haur Om am Nyaj
Iraq Haur Uwainah
Iraq Haur Al Hammar
Kuwait Dawhat Kazima
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar
Saudi Arabia King Faisal Airbase, Tabuk
Saudi Arabia Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Saudi Arabia Madinat Yanbu al-Sinaiyah
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
Saudi Arabia Wadi Jawwah
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons
Yemen Ta'izz wadis
St Vincent and the Grenadines Ashton Wetland
St Vincent and the Grenadines Mustique Island
Uzbekistan Rogatoe Lake
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake
Dominican Republic Cabral Lagoon
Kazakhstan Bolshoy Kak Lake
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy
Antigua and Barbuda McKinnons Salt Pond
Kazakhstan Zhaltyr Lake
Netherlands Lepelaarplassen
Netherlands Markermeer & IJmeer
Russia (European) Archedinskiye sands
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Ukraine Gerojsk Lakes
Ukraine Reservoir on r. Chechva with territories adjacent
Ukraine Samars'ka bay
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul
Kazakhstan Shcherbakty Lakes
Kazakhstan Saumalkol Lake
Kazakhstan Shaglyteniz Lake and marshes
Kazakhstan Zharkol Lakes
Sweden Lake Lim
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay
Kazakhstan Irtysh-Karaganda Waterworks 9
Kazakhstan Kushmurun Lake
Cayman Islands (to UK) Central Mangrove Wetland
Cayman Islands (to UK) Crown Wetlands
Kazakhstan Telikol Lakes
Kazakhstan Ters-Ashchibulak Reservoir
Turkmenistan Gurtli
Turkmenistan Deryatakyr
Turkmenistan Mergen
Turkmenistan Chokrak-Tutly
Kazakhstan Uyalyshalkar Lake System
Kazakhstan Tuzashchy and Karasor Lakes
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System
Netherlands Oostzanerveld
Kazakhstan Tentek River Delta
Netherlands Oostelijke Vechtplassen
Netherlands Fochteloërveen
Slovenia Škocjan Bay
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake
Cuba Delta del Mayarí
Netherlands Biesbosch
Netherlands Deelen
Mexico Lago de Texcoco
Netherlands Dwingelderveld
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Kokkola and Kälviä archipelago
Finland Luoto archipelago
Finland Oura and Enskeri archipelagos
Netherlands Duinen Vlieland
Netherlands Delta Coast
Jordan Azraq
Germany Vogelsberg
Netherlands IJssel: IJsselkop - Ketelmeer
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer
Netherlands Ilperveld, Varkensland, Oostzanerveld & Twiske
Lebanon Lake Qaraoun
Saudi Arabia Al-Hasa lagoons
Germany Terborg
Germany Dollart
Germany Geeste lowlands near Bramel
Germany Leine valley Koldingen-Ruthe
Germany Braunschweig sewage farms
Germany Lengeder Teichgebiet
Germany Grosser Plöner See
Germany Obersee: Schachener Bucht
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Lakes of Schwerin, Dambeck and Warin
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Deichvorland Oderbruch
Germany Winsener Elbmarsch
Germany Leda-Jümme lowlands
Germany Butjadingen
Germany Wismar bay and Salzhaff
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Elbe valley of Mecklenburg
Germany Einswarder Plate / Tegeler Plate
Germany Drennhauser Hinterdeich
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Nuthe - Nieplitz lowlands
Germany Uckertal / Unteruckersee
Germany Mittlere Schwäbische Alb with Albuch, Härtsfeld and Schmiechener See
Germany Sewage ponds Offenau
Germany Wurzacher Ried
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Danube valley between Neuburg and Ingolstadt
Germany Wetterau
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Hauke-Haien Koog
Germany Untermain
Germany Wümme lowlands Borgfeld-Fischerhude
Ireland Lough Swilly including Blanket Nook and Inch Lake
Ireland North Wicklow coastal marshes
Ireland Tacumshin lake
Ireland The Gearagh and the Iniscarra reservoir
Ireland Rogerstown estuary
Ireland Cahore marshes
Ireland Cork Harbour
Ireland Lough Carra
Ireland Lough Corrib
Ireland Inner Galway Bay
Romania Danube Delta
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Water reservation of Northern Chu Valley
Kyrgyzstan Western Alai, Kok-Suu river
Denmark Fanø
Denmark Mandø
Denmark Skallingen and Langli
Denmark Islands in Smålandshavet, north of Lolland
Mongolia Selengiin Tsagaan Lake
Poland Mirachowo Forest
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Lower Notec River Valley
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Ner River Valley
Poland Bzura River Valley
Poland Barycz river valley
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Polesie
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Poland Lower Skawa River Valley
Poland Pulwy Marshes
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Widawa and Olesnica River Valley
Poland Karas Lake
Poland Kuznica Warezynska Reservoir
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Kazakhstan Maliy Kak Lake
China (mainland) Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan
Kazakhstan Batpakkol lake
Kazakhstan Salmanykol lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kunovatski
Norway Tenna & Herøy
Mexico Bahía de Ceuta-Cospita
Norway Tautra & Svaet
Mexico Istmo de Tehuantepec - Mar Muerto
Mexico Cuenca baja del Río Papagayo
Mexico Presa de Valsequillo
Denmark Roskilde Fjord, Selsø and Kattinge Søerne
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Mexico Ciénega de Tláhuac
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Kolga bay
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste coast
Estonia Peipsi
Estonia Mullutu
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Pärnu bay (NEW)
Estonia Riksu coast
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Kunda
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Lõu bay
Estonia Vooremaa
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Kazakhstan Caspian Sea shore between Volga and Ural River Deltas
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Kazakhstan Koybagar-Tyuntyugur Lake System
Kazakhstan Tounsor Hollow Lakes
Kazakhstan Balykty Lake
Netherlands Amstelmeer
Netherlands Rijntakken
Netherlands Zuidlaardermeergebied
Netherlands Krimpenerwaard
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Küdema bay
Estonia Lahemaa
Belarus Laktyšy fish farm
Mauritania Lac de Mâl
United Arab Emirates Al Wathba
Philippines Candaba swamp
Philippines Mactan, Kalawisan and Cansaga Bays
Kazakhstan Ortau upland massif
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Balyktykol Lake
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Tassuat Lake
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Eastern Kazakhstan uplands
Kazakhstan Zhagalbayly and Tuyemoynak Hills
Kazakhstan Tyulen’i (Seal) Islands
Kazakhstan Delta of the Ural River
Sweden Archipelago of Östergötland
Sweden Lake Tåkern
Tunisia Sebkhet Ariana
Sweden Coastal area of Oskarshamn
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Neovison vison Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Viral/prion-induced diseases - Avian Influenza Virus (H5N1 subtype) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 3
Stresses
Species mortality
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Nutrient loads Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Transportation & service corridors Utility & service lines Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Spatula clypeata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/08/2020.