LC
Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Stelgidopteryx serripennis and S. ridgwayi (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) were previously lumped as S. serripennis following AOU (1998 & supplements) and Stotz et al. (1996).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Not Recognised
2008 Not Recognised
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 16 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 17,100,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 6,340,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -

Population justification: The global population has not been quantified since the species was split.

Trend justification: This species has undergone a small or statistically insignificant decrease over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Aruba (to Netherlands) V Extant
Bahamas V Extant
Barbados V Extant
Belize N Extant Yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) V Extant
Canada N Extant Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) V Extant
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Cuba V Extant
Curaçao (to Netherlands) V Extant
Dominican Republic V Extant
El Salvador N Extant Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) V Extant
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Haiti V Extant
Honduras N Extant Yes
Jamaica V Extant
Mexico N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) V Extant
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) V Extant
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) V Extant
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) V Extant
USA N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Bahamas Harrold and Wilson Ponds National Park
Puerto Rico (to USA) Caño Tiburones

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Excavations (open) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Excavations (open) suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level major non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major breeding
Altitude 0 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Stelgidopteryx serripennis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2022.